Citroën C5

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Citroën C5
Citroën C5 II front-1.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Citroën
Production 2001–present
Body and chassis
Class Large family car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Citroën XM
Citroën Xantia

The Citroën C5 is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën since early 2001, and now in its second generation. The C5 replaced the Citroën Xantia, in the large family car class. It is the first Citroen with "Cx" naming nomenclature.


First generation (2001–2007)[edit]

First generation
Citroen C5 front 20081128.jpg
Overview
Production 2001–2007
Assembly Rennes, France (Rennes Plant)
Wuhan, China (Dongfeng)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door liftback
5-door wagon
Related Citroën C6
Peugeot 407
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
3.0 L V6 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.2 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,750 mm (108.3 in)
Length 4,745 mm (186.8 in) (liftback)
4,839 mm (190.5 in) (wagon)
Width 1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height 1,476 mm (58.1 in) (liftback)
1,511 mm (59.5 in) (wagon)
2001 Citroën C5, rear view
Citroën C5 station wagon, rear view
2005 Citroën C5 facelift

The first generation C5 was available as a five-door hatchback or five door wagon styles only. Unlike its predecessors, the C5 was a hatchback with a three-box design and a hatch. This form actually disguised the hatch, so Citroën has completely reversed the design philosophy from the fastback saloon era of Robert Opron. Power came from 1.8 and 2.0-litre straight-4 and 3.0-litre V6 petrol engines as well as 1.6, 2.0 and 2.2-litre direct injection diesel engines.

The first generation C5 was the last Citroën developed under the chairmanship of Jacques Calvet (1982–1999).

The C5 had a further development of Citroën's hydropneumatic suspension, now called Hydractive 3. The major change with this system was the use of electronic sensors to replace the mechanical height correctors seen in all previous hydropneumatic cars. This allowed the suspension computer to automatically control ride height: at high speed the suspension is lowered to reduce drag and at low speeds on bumpy roads the ride height is raised. Manual control of ride height was retained, though it was overridden by the computer if the car was driven at an inappropriate speed for the selected height. Certain cars also featured the computer controlled ride stiffness seen on the Xantia and XM.

In a major break with Citroën tradition, the brakes were no longer powered by the same hydraulic system as the suspension, but steering was. It has been speculated[by whom?] that the primary driver for this was the cost of developing electronic brake force distribution for the system when the PSA Group already had an implementation for conventional brakes. Another factor may be the highly responsive nature of 'traditional' Citroën brakes, which some have found hard to adjust to on other hydropneumatic cars, though it is felt by some to be superior.[citation needed]

In 2004, the C5 underwent a major facelift (new front and rear ends; same centre section) to bring it into line with the look of the new Citroën C4. The hatchback was lengthened from 4,618 mm (181.8 in) to 4,745 mm (186.8 in) and the wagon from 4,755 mm (187.2 in) to 4,840 mm (190.6 in). Also this new version got swivelling directional headlights.

The Hydractive suspension improves ride quality, keeps the car levelled, and enables the car to drive on three wheels if one tire is flat. The suspension is derived from the Hydropneumatic suspension used in the 1950s Citroën DS. Variations in height using the Hydractive suspension range up to 15 mm (0.6 in) in the front and 11 mm (0.4 in) in the back.

Engine Displacement Power Torque Top speed 0-62.5 mph (100 km/h)
1.8 L EW7 I4 1749 cc (106 in³) 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @ 5500 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 122 mph (196 km/h) 11.1
1.8 L EW7 I4 with automatic 1749 cc (106 in³) 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @ 5500 rpm 160 N·m (120 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 122 mph (196 km/h) 11.3
2.0 L EW10 I4 1997 cc (121 in³) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @ 6000 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) @ 4100 rpm 129 mph (208 km/h) 9.8
2.0 L EW10 I4 HPI 1997 cc (121 in³) 140 PS (100 kW; 140 hp) @ 6000 rpm 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 130 mph (209 km/h) 9.6
2.0 L EW10 I4 VVT 1997 cc (121 in³) 140 PS (100 kW; 140 hp) @ 6000 rpm 200 N·m (150 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 130 mph (210 km/h) 9.1
3.0 L ES9 V6 2946 cc (179 in³) 207 PS (152 kW; 204 hp) @ 6000 rpm 285 N·m (210 lb·ft) @ 3750 rpm 144 mph (232 km/h) 9.7
3.0 L ES9 V6 VVT 2946 cc (179 in³) 211 hp (155 kW) 143 mph (230 km/h) 8.6
1.6 L DV6 HDi diesel I4 1560 cc (95 in³) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @ 4000 rpm 240 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 118 mph (190 km/h) 11.3
2.0 L DW10 HDi diesel I4 1997 cc (121 in³) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 205 N·m (151 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm 112 mph (180 km/h) 13.1
2.0 L DW10 HDi diesel I4 1997 cc (121 in³) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) @ 4000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 119 mph (192 km/h) 11.3
2.0 L DW10 HDi diesel I4 1997 cc (121 in³) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) @ 4000 rpm 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 127 mph (204 km/h) 9.8
2.2 L DW12 HDi diesel I4 2179 cc (132 in³) 133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) @ 4000 rpm 314 N·m (232 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm 127 mph (204 km/h) 10,5
2.2 L DW12 HDi diesel I4 2179 cc (132 in³) 170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp) @ 4000 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm 138 mph (222 km/h) 8,5


Second generation (2008–present)[edit]

Second generation
Citroën C5 II front.jpg
Overview
Production 2007–present
Assembly Rennes, France (Rennes Plant)
Designer Domagoj Djukec
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
5-door wagon
Platform PSA PF3 platform
Related Peugeot 508
Powertrain
Engine 1.8 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
3.0 L V6 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.0 L I4 (diesel)
2.2 L I4 (diesel)
2.7 L V6 (diesel)
3.0 L V6 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,814 mm (110.8 in)
Length 4,778 mm (188.1 in) (sedan)
4,829 mm (190.1 in) (wagon)
Width 1,852 mm (72.9 in)
Height 1,455 mm (57.3 in) (sedan)
1,471 mm (57.9 in) (wagon)

The second generation C5 was officially unveiled in October 2007 and does not retain the hatchback body style, instead being a regular, three box saloon of an aerodynamic shape. However, this second generation is often criticised, especially by core Citroën fans, for its German-like exterior design, which makes it look more like a German saloon, than a French one. It was launched in February 2008,[1] with the wagon version following in May 2008,[1] and receives the name of Tourer. This C5 won 2009 Semperit Irish Car of the Year, as well as being awarded 2008-09 Japan's Import Car of the Year.

The second generation is available with conventional springs as well as the hydropneumatic suspension and 2.7L Ford AJD-V6/PSA DT17 engine from the Citroën C6. In 2009 the 2.7L was replaced by an updated 3.0L unit which, despite offering more power, has improved fuel consumption and emissions.[2] In 2010 the 2.0L HDi 140 and the 2.2L HDi 173 engines were replaced by the 2.0L HDi 160 engine mated to a 6 speed automatic or manual transmissions to comply with the Euro 5. Similarly, the 2.0L 16V 143 bhp petrol engine was replaced by the 1.6L THP 155 from the DS3 mated to a six speed manual transmission.

In 2011, the C5 was given a mild facelift with a few cosmetic changes such as LED lights. Three engines were added to the range consisting of two diesels - 2.0 HDI 160 and a 2.2 HDI 200 as well as a petrol engine - 1.6 VTI 120.

In July 2012, the C5 was given another mild facelift with a few cosmetic changes such as softer chevron badging, modified c5 badging, softer chevron "grille" as per the recently updated C4, and exclusive badges (on the Exclusive) on the sides in front of the front doors. For the Exclusive the onboard GPS/radio head was also changed to the eMyWay unit which features full bluetooth connectivity and iPod/USB interface.

E-Touch

Comprising a package of services including the emergency and assistance calls, Citroen eTouch also proposes a virtual maintenance manual and an Eco-Driving service accessible via the MyCitroen personal area on the web. For calls, Citroen eTouch works completely independently. The system is equipped with a GPS module and a SIM card, with no need for a call plan and unlimited over time. The vehicles features two buttons, "SOS" for emergency calls (the call is also triggered automatically in the event of impact) and "Double Chevron" for assistance calls. The emergency call gets emergency services to customers faster, for accident victims and bystanders alike. The two services are free and available at any time.

2011 Citroen C5 at the Buenos Aires Motor Show
2011 Citroen C5 at the Buenos Aires Motor Show
Engine Displacement Power Top speed 0-62 mph
(0–100 km/h)
Economy
(liters/100 km)
CO2 Emissions (g/BIK)[clarification needed]
1.8 L I4 1749 cc 125 bhp (93 kW; 127 PS) 125 mph (201 km/h) 11.0 6.57 188/24%
1.6 L I4 1598 cc 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) 117 mph (188 km/h) 12.2 6.2 144/%
2.0 L I4 1997 cc 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) 129 mph (208 km/h) 9.7 7.00 198/26%
1.6 L I4 1598 cc 154 bhp (115 kW; 156 PS) 130 mph (210 km/h) 8.6 6.69 153/?%
3.0 L V6 2946 cc 211 bhp (157 kW; 214 PS) 139 mph (224 km/h) 9.2 10.50 248/?%
1.6 L diesel I4 1560 cc 109 bhp (81 kW; 111 PS) 119 mph (192 km/h) 12.2 4.67 149/19%
1.6 L diesel I4 1560 cc 109 bhp (81 kW; 111 PS) 120 mph (190 km/h) 11.6 4.6 120?%
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 136 bhp (101 kW; 138 PS) 127 mph (204 km/h) 10.6 4.99 157/21%
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) 127 mph (204 km/h) 10.6 5.7 139/?%
2.0 L diesel I4 1997 cc 161 bhp (120 kW; 163 PS) 130 mph (210 km/h) 9.1 5.29 139/?%
2.2 L diesel I4 2179 cc 170 bhp (127 kW; 172 PS) 135 mph (217 km/h) 9.2 5.41 172/24%
2.2 L diesel I4 2179 cc 200 bhp (149 kW; 203 PS) 140 mph (230 km/h) 8.3 5.9 155/?%
2.7 L diesel V6 2720 cc 208 bhp (155 kW; 211 PS) 139 mph (224 km/h) 8.9 7.00 223/34%
3.0 L diesel V6 2992 cc 240 bhp (179 kW; 243 PS) 151 mph (243 km/h) 7.7 6.19 195/30%

Gallery[edit]

Sales and production[edit]

Year Worldwide Production Worldwide sales Notes
2009 TBA 87,600[3]
2010 TBA 116,000[3]
2011 100,457[1] 101,213[1] Total production reaches 1,120,615 units.[1]
2012 72,500[4] 76,300[4] Total production reaches 1,193,100 units.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "PSA Annual Report 2012". Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "'Citroën C5 Saloon (08 on)': Facts and figures". Bauer Automotive Limited. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  3. ^ a b "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën". Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Memento Mars 2013" (in French). PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013. p. 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 

External links[edit]