Citroën H Van
The Citroën H Van, Type H, H-Type or HY is a light truck (or delivery van) produced by the French car maker Citroën between 1947 and 1981. It was developed as a simple front wheel driven van after World War II. A total of 473,289 were produced in 34 years in factories in France and Belgium. Most of them were sold in France, Belgium and the Netherlands. They were not sold in the UK in right hand drive.
Citroen's teams worked on 8 projects and only the last one was developed, giving it its name : "H". Most Type H vans were sold as model HY. Other models include H (early versions), HX (lesser load capacity), HZ, and HW (greater load capacity). For a time they were also sold as model 1600. In France, this strange (or funny) looking van is known as "Nez de Cochon", "Pig Nose". When used by the police, it was called "panier à salade", "salad basket".
The engine, gear box and many smaller parts are well known from other Citroën models. The engine and gearbox are nearly identical as in the Traction Avant and later the DS, only mounted with the engine to front. The head lights and speedometer were identical to the 2CV for many years.
The distinctive corrugated body work was inspired by German Junkers (Aircraft) starting from the First World War until the 1930s, the three engined Junkers Ju 52, being the last to use this construction. Henry Ford also adopted this construction for the Ford Tri-Motor passenger aircraft. The ribs added strength without adding weight, and required only simple, low cost press tools. The flat body panels were braced on the inside by 'top hat' box sections, at right angles to the ribs.
Rear hinged 'Suicide' cab doors were used until the end of production in 1981.
- An H-Type was used as the Broom Waggon in the film version of Belleville Rendez-vous.
- An HY was used by the murderer in the French horror movie Haute Tension (High Tension).
- The H-Type's most regular and prolific TV/film appearance is in the long-running French drama series 'Louis la Brocante' (1998–present), a sort of Gallic 'Lovejoy', where middle-aged antiques dealer Louis Roman (played by Victor Lanoux) drives an immaculate beige HY.
- An H-type appears in the Iain Softley film "Inkheart".
- An H-Type ambulance is in Bring Me the Horizon's music video for the song "It Never Ends."
- A red HY was used in the UK TV series Country Show Cook-Off.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Citroën HY.|
- Functions / Events / Film / Publicity H-Van Showmobile
- Minitub43.com : A unique illustrated encyclopedia on the net with more than 2500 Citroën Type H in miniature classified by themes, brands, uses, occupations, body parts, manufacturers, retailers, etc.. Internal search by keyword.
- Type H Forum
- The Citroën H Van Register UK website
- H Van at Citroenet
- Table of common modifications
- CITROËN WORLD: HY links
- Le Camion (in Dutch)
- Mobile Bar HY Van Conversion
- Citroen Hy Van Conversions
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