Citroën Xantia

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Citroën Xantia
Phoca thumb l P1010181.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Citroën
Production

1993—1998

1998—2002 (facelift)
Assembly Rennes, France
Tehran, Iran
Designer Bertone
Body and chassis
Class large family car
Body style 5-door hatchback (Berline)
5-door estate (Break)
Layout FF layout
Related Peugeot 406
Powertrain
Engine 1.6L I4
1.8L I4
1.8L I4 16 valve
2.0L I4
2.0L I4 16 valve
2.0L I4 Turbocharged
3.0L V6
1.9L I4 Diesel
1.9L I4 Turbodiesel
2.0L I4 HDi
2.1L I4 12 valve Turbodiesel
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,740 mm (108 in) (Berline)
Length 4,440 mm (175 in) (Berline)
Width 1,755 mm (69.1 in) (Berline)
Height 1,380 mm (54 in) (Berline)
Curb weight 1,250 kg (2,760 lb)–1,430 kg (3,150 lb) (Activa CT)
Chronology
Predecessor Citroën BX
Successor Citroën C5
Estate version of Xantia
Xantia hatchback
Xantia dashboard
Post-facelift Xantia
Xantia badge

The Citroën Xantia, pronounced "Zan-ti-a"[1] was a mid-size car produced by the French automaker Citroën and designed by Bertone.

First seen at the end of 1992, the car was produced between 1993 and 2002, with a facelift in 1998. Citroën sold over 1.2 million Xantias during its 9 years of production. After European production ceased in late 2002, overlapping with the C5 by 18 months, the SAIPA Corporation in Iran produced it (until September 2010).

History[edit]

The Xantia replaced the earlier Citroën BX, and maintained the high level of popularity of that model, but brought the car more into the mainstream to compete harder with its rivals, such as the Ford Mondeo, Nissan Primera, Rover 600, Toyota Carina E and Vauxhall Cavalier.

It signaled that Citroën had learned from the reception given to the staid Citroën ZX, introduced two years earlier and criticised by contemporary journalists for its lack of traditional Citroën flair in engineering and design. Citroën addressed these concerns in the facelifted Xantia.

The Xantia also used the traditional Citroën hydropneumatic suspension system pioneered by the older DS. It was initially only available as a hatchback (liftback) (Berline), but an estate (station wagon) (Break) version built by Heuliez appeared in 1995.

In-line with PSA Group policy, the Peugeot 406 launched 2 years later used the same floorpan, core structure and engines as the Xantia. The Hydractive suspension system was not carried over, and the 406 utilised a more traditional spring suspension.

Sales in the UK were strong, though it was never able to match the success of established British favourites, such as the Ford Mondeo or Vauxhall Vectra.

Suspension[edit]

From an engineering perspective, the Xantia's biggest advance was the suspension. From launch, the more expensive models were available with an enhanced version of the XM's Hydractive, Hydractive II or H2, computer-controlled version of the hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension. This used extra suspension spheres to allow a soft ride in normal conditions, but taut body control during hard braking, acceleration or cornering. These models feature an innovation first seen on the ZX and then subsequently fitted to the facelifted XM - a programmed self-steer rear axle. On sweeping curves and tight bends alike, the rear wheels turn in line with the front wheels, sharpening responses and adding to driver pleasure.[2]

In 1994, the Activa technology was introduced, which is an extension to the Hydractive II suspension, where two additional spheres and two hydraulic cylinders are used together with computer control to eliminate body roll completely. This technology is more broadly known as active suspension, and the Xantia Activa has exceptional road holding comparable to true sports cars. In the Swedish magazine Teknikens Värld's moose test the 1999 model of Xantia V6 Activa still holds the record speed through the manoeuvre - faster than the Porsche 996 GT2.[3]

UK Models of the Activa came fitted with a XU10 2 litre turbocharged engine also fitted to the Citroën XM 2.0CT and Peugeot 605 SRi. It produced 150 bhp and 171 lb ft of torque and was a 'low-blow' type for smooth power delivery rather than outright bhp.

The Xantia was the last Citroën to use a common hydraulic circuit for suspension, brakes and steering like the pioneering Citroën DS. It was also the last Citroën car that used the green LHM hydraulic fluid. Later cars, such as the C5, used LDS instead.

Engines[edit]

Power came from the familiar PSA XU-series petrol engines, this time in 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 displacements, a 2.0 16-valve version for the Xantia VSX, a turbocharged 2.0 engine, from 1995 onwards, a 1.8 16-valve and a 2.0 16-valve engine. In 1997, a 3.0 V6 engine was offered as top-of-the-line.

The popular XUD turbodiesel units in 1.9 (turbocharged: 92 hp (69 kW), low-pressure turbo: 75 hp (56 kW), or not: 71 hp) displacement proved to be the best-selling engine. The biggest diesel was a 2.1 TD with 109 hp (81 kW).

In 1998, PSA introduced the HDi direct injection turbodiesel (in two versions: 90 hp (67 kW), and intercooled 109 hp). For an economical diesel engine, the HDi offered the kind of throttle response normally seen in a gasoline engine and quiet high speed cruising at a top speed of 118 mph (190 km/h). Acceleration was also good at 11.4 seconds from 0 to 60 mph.[citation needed]

Model Years Engine and code Displ. Power Torque
1.6 i 1993–1995 I4 8V XU5 M3/Z (BFZ) 1580 cc 65 kW (88 PS; 87 hp) @ 6000 rpm 130 N·m (96 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm
1.8 i 1993–1998 I4 8V XU7 JP (LFZ) 1762 cc 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) @ 6000 rpm 153 N·m (113 lb·ft) @ 3000 rpm
1.8 i 1995–2000 I4 8V XU7 JB (LFX) 1762 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 5000 rpm 147 N·m (108 lb·ft) @ 2600 rpm
1.8 i 16V 1995–2001 I4 16V XU7 JP4 (LFY) 1762 cc 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp) @ 5500 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) @ 4250 rpm
2.0 i 1993–1998 I4 8V XU10 J2C (RFX) 1998 cc 89 kW (121 PS; 119 hp) @ 5750 rpm 176 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 2750 rpm
2.0 i 16V 1993–1994 I4 16V XU10 J4D/Z (RFY) 1998 cc 112 kW (152 PS; 150 hp) @ 6500 rpm 183 N·m (135 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm
2.0 i 16V 1994–1995 I4 16V XU10 J4D/Z (RFT) 1998 cc 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp) @ 6500 rpm 183 N·m (135 lb·ft) @ 3500 rpm
2.0 i 16V 1995–2001 I4 16V XU10 J4R (RFV) 1998 cc 97 kW (132 PS; 130 hp) @ 5500 rpm 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) @ 4200 rpm
2.0 i Turbo CT 1995–2000 I4 8V XU10 J2TE (RGX) 1998 cc 108 kW (147 PS; 145 hp) @ 5300 rpm 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @ 2500 rpm
3.0 i V6 1997–2000 V6 24V ES9 J4 (XFZ) 2946 cc 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) @ 5500 rpm 267 N·m (197 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm
1.9 D 1993–1995 I4 8V XUD9 A (D9B) 1905 cc 51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp) @ 4600 rpm 120 N·m (89 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm
1.9 D 1995–1996 I4 8V XUD9 Y (DJZ) 1905 cc 50 kW (68 PS; 67 hp) @ 4600 rpm 120 N·m (89 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm
1.9 SD 1996–2000 I4 8V XUD9 SD (DHW) 1905 cc 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) @ 4600 rpm 135 N·m (100 lb·ft) @ 2250 rpm
1.9 Turbo D 1993–1996 I4 8V XUD9 TE/L (D8B) 1905 cc 68 kW (92 PS; 91 hp) @ 4000 rpm 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @ 2250 rpm
1.9 Turbo D 1996–2000 I4 8V XUD9 TE/Y (DHX) 1905 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) @ 2250 rpm
2.0 HDi 1998–2001 I4 8V DW10 TD (RHY) 1997 cc 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) @ 4000 rpm 205 N·m (151 lb·ft) @ 1900 rpm
2.0 HDi 1998–2001 I4 8V DW10 ATED (RHZ) 1997 cc 80 kW (109 PS; 107 hp) @ 4000 rpm 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) @ 1750 rpm
2.1 Turbo D12 1995–1999 I4 12V XUD11 BTE (P8C) 2088 cc 80 kW (109 PS; 107 hp) @ 4300 rpm 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm

Sales and production[edit]

Year Worldwide sales Worldwide Production Notes
2009 12,500[4] TBA TBA
2010 4,000[4] TBA TBA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Xantia review and pronunciation". Reviewer and information. Compucars.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.citroenet.org.uk/passenger-cars/psa/xantia/xantia-1.html
  3. ^ Älgtestet – resultat bil för bil Teknikens Värld
  4. ^ a b "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën". Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 

External links[edit]