Citrullus

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Citrullus
Vampire watermelon.jpg
Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Subfamily: Cucurbitoideae
Tribe: Benincaseae
Subtribe: Benincasinae
Genus: Citrullus
Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.
Species
Synonyms

Citrullus is a genus of seven species of desert vines, among which Citrullus lanatus (the watermelon) is an important crop. Recent molecular data, including sequences from the original collection of Citrullus lanatus, made by C. P. Thunberg in 1773, show that this plant is not a watermelon, but instead a bitter melon, as implied by Thunberg's original description of the species (Chomicki and Renner, 2014).

Classifications of Citrullus[edit]

A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms

Citroides Group[edit]

  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Citroides Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. lanatus var. citroides (L.H. Bailey) Mansf. A -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Citroides Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. citroides (L.H. Bailey) Mansf. s -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

(Citroides Group)

  • Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. var. citroides L.H. Bailey s -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Citroides Group)

Colocynthis Group[edit]

  • Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. subsp. insipidus (Pang.) Fursa
  • Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. subsp. stenotomus (Pang.) Fursa

Lanatus Group[edit]

  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf., non Matsum. & Nakai, nom. illeg.
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai A
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Lanatus Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. lanatus var. lanatus A -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Citrullus caffer Schrad. -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Lanatus Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. mucosospermus Fursa
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa var. cordophanus (Ter-Avan) Fursa
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. caffer (Schrad.) Mansf. -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Citrullus lanatus var. fistulosus (Steward) C. R. Babu -> Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks) Pangalo
  • Citrullus lanatus var. fistulosus (Stocks) H. L. Chakravarty -> Praecitrullus fistulosus (Stocks) Pangalo
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. lanatus s -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Lanatus Group)
  • Citrullus naudinianus (Sonder) J. D. Hooker s -> Anthosicyos naudinianus (Sonder) C. Jeffrey A
  • Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai

Vulgaris Group[edit]

  • Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. var. lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
  • Citrullus edulis Spach. -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Vulgaris Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Vulgaris Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa var. vulgaris A -> Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai (Vulgaris Group)

Other Groups[edit]

  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa (Asian Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa (Eastern Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa (Russian Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa (Seedless Group)
  • Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Fursa (Seedy Group)

[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sorting Citrullus Names". University of Melbourne. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 

Chomicki, G., and S. S. Renner. Watermelon origin solved with molecular phylogenetics including Linnaean material: Another example of museomics. New Phytologist, DOI: 10.1111/nph.13163 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.13163/abstract

Renner, S. S., G. Chomicki, and W. Greuter. 2014. Proposal to conserve the name Momordica lanata (Citrullus lanatus) (watermelon, Cucurbitaceae), with a conserved type, against Citrullus battich. Taxon 63(4): 941-942. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2014/00000063/00000004/art00031

External links[edit]