Citrus Red 2
Citrus Red No. 2, C.I. Solvent Red 80, C.I. 12156, E121
|Molar mass||308.33 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||Orange to yellow solid or a dark red powder|
|Melting point||156 °C (313 °F; 429 K)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
Citrus Red 2, Citrus Red No. 2, C.I. Solvent Red 80, or C.I. 12156 is an artificial dye. As a food dye, it has been permitted by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since 1956 to color the skin of oranges. Citrus Red 2 is listed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a group 2B carcinogen, a substance "possibly carcinogenic to humans".
Citrus Red 2 is an orange to yellow solid or a dark red powder with a melting point of 156 °C. It is not soluble in water, but is readily soluble in many organic solvents.
Citrus Red 2 is used to color early-season, ripe fruit that haven't been exposed to cold enough weather to produce the characteristic orange skin.
- Anonymous. 1988. Florida Citrus Fruit Laws. Florida Statutes. 601.
- "Code of Federal Regulations: Title 21, Section 74.302". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Hall, David J (1989). "Peel Disorders of Florida Citrus as Related to Growing Area and Color-add formulations". Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 102: 243–246.
- Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs, IARC
- "When an Orange Isn't Orange: Food Dyes in Fruit".
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