Locations in His Dark Materials

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This article covers the fictional locations in the His Dark Materials trilogy by Philip Pullman.

Locations[edit]

Jordan College[edit]

Jordan College is a fictional college.[1][2] It exists in the Oxford in a universe parallel to our own, and is the home of the trilogy's young heroine Lyra Belacqua.

The location and layout of Jordan College is analogous to the location of Exeter College,[3] Philip Pullman's alma mater, in the real city of Oxford. However, unlike the fictional college, Exeter College is not the oldest (it is the fourth-oldest), nor is it the largest or richest college of the University of Oxford.

As described by Pullman, Jordan College is an exaggerated version of the real Exeter College, rambling above and below ground in a motley arrangement of buildings, cellars and tunnels constructed over several centuries:[4]

What was above ground was only a small fraction of the whole. Like some enormous fungus whose root-system extended over acres, Jordan (finding itself jostling for space above ground with St Michael's College on one side, Gabriel College on the other, and Bodley's Library behind) had begun, sometime in the Middle Age, to spread below the surface. Tunnels, shafts, vaults, cellars, staircases had so hollowed out the earth below Jordan and for some yards around it that there was almost as much air below ground as above; Jordan College stood on a sort of froth of stone.
(Pullman, Northern Lights)

The name 'Jordan' was inspired partly by the real area of Oxford, known as Jericho,[5] which also features in Northern Lights as a mooring point for the Gyptians's boats.

Trollesund[edit]

Trollesund is the main port of the country of Lapland, which Lyra and her Gyptian protectors visit during their journey to Bolvangar. Trollesund has a witch consulate, which the Gyptians go to in order to get support from the witches.

Also in Trollesund we first meet two characters who feature prominently later in the story: Lee Scoresby, an aeronaut and prospector who has been stranded in the town as a result of a failed expedition, and Iorek Byrnison, an exiled armoured bear whom the townspeople had tricked into working for them as a metalworker with alcohol as payment. Both Lee and Iorek leave Trollesund with Lyra.

Svalbard[edit]

Svalbard is the location of the panserbjørne palace and the center of the ice bear government. Iorek Byrnison lives there. Unlike most locations in the story, Svalbard is an actual location.

Bolvangar[edit]

The far north location of the research facility where the Magisterium conducts experiments with intercision, a process which involves severing the link between a human and their dæmon, children are kidnapped and brought to Bolvangar for this to happen. The name Bolvangar means 'Fields of Evil'.[6]

Cittàgazze[edit]

Cittàgazze, sometimes abbreviated to Ci'gazze (Italian pronunciation: [tʃiˈɡaddze]), meaning "City of the Magpies" in Italian, is a fictional city within a parallel universe which is reached through a "window-between-worlds" created by Lord Asriel at the climax of first volume of the trilogy Northern Lights.

It is in Cittàgazze that the two central characters, Lyra and Will first meet in The Subtle Knife. The first reference to the city appears earlier, as 'the city in the sky', the city visible in the Aurora borealis, an occurrence which, according to the novel, thins the barrier between the universe in which Northern Lights takes place and the universe of Cittàgazze. Lord Boreal describes it as having previously been a crossroads between all the worlds.

Cittàgazze is a seaside town, reminiscent of those near the Mediterranean, which seems to have Italian roots. Its main features are quaint restaurants, parasols hung over circular tables beneath trailing plants, wide cobbled roads, and ancient architecture. However, it also has electric lights, refrigerators and department stores, thus, this world appears to be similar to ours in many respects while inferior in others such as medicine and transportation. Its most significant feature is the tower Torre degli Angeli (Tower of the Angels in Italian), in which the Subtle Knife is first encountered.

The city is plagued by ghostly beings called Spectres. Spectres are invisible to pre-adolescents, but once individuals are old enough to see them, the Spectres eat away their dæmons, leaving them zombie-like and lifeless. Hence, the city is entirely devoid of adults, and populated only by small gangs of children. Spectres cluster around children approaching adolescence and consume them as soon as they come of age.

The multitude of Spectres in the world of Cittàgazze is due to the constant use of the Subtle Knife in its vicinity. The knife can create windows between worlds, but each window creates new Spectres. Asriel's opening of the passage from his world to Cittàgazze caused a massive surge in Spectre population, swarming the Cittàgazze world with the soul-devouring wraiths.

Worlds[edit]

Lyra's world[edit]

The world in which Lyra and most of the characters in His Dark Materials come from. Northern Lights takes place entirely in this world.

Will's world[edit]

The Cittàgazze world[edit]

Mulefa world[edit]

The Land of the Dead[edit]

  • The underworld, Lyra and Will are carried across a lake to reach its gate by a ferryman reminiscent of Charon of mythology. This happens in The Amber Spyglass. Anyone who has ever died from any world goes there eternally, their ghosts are guarded by Harpies.

Republic of Heaven[edit]

  • The name given to the world in which Lord Asriel builds his army in preparation with war against The Authority. The only known inhabitants prior to the Republic forces are cliff ghasts, like those in Lyra's world. The land is mountainous and shows signs of volcanic activity. Not to be confused with the metaphorical Republic of Heaven.

Gallivespian world[edit]

  • The Gallivespian characters come from this world, but the trilogy itself never goes there. It is a world inhabited by humans and Gallivespians, who are in conflict.

Minor worlds[edit]

  • Three worlds are briefly glimpsed when Will is experimenting with the knife in The Amber Spyglass. One contains a desert, the second contains an industrial city where the factory workers are in chains, and the third contains a meadow inhabited by blue bison-like grazers.
  • Will, Baruch, and Balthamos escape from the Regent Metatron by cutting through to a moonlit beach in yet another world.
  • Will opens a world with a tropical rainforest when demonstrating the subtle knife's powers to Iorek Byrnison. While rescuing Lyra from Mrs. Coulter's cave in the Himalaya of Lyra's world, he cuts through a world where the moon shines brightly over insect-infested ground the colour of bleached bone.
  • Will, Lyra, Tialys, and Salmakia reach the world of the dead from a world with what looks like a Dutch or Danish farmstead, where the villagers have just been massacred by armed soldiers and their village razed (this conflict is never explained).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arts and Drama — His Dark Materials — Dictionary, BBC Radio 4.
  2. ^ Vanessa Thorpe and Jonathan Heawood, Pullman brings back Lyra for Oxford mystery, The Observer, 6 April 2003.
  3. ^ From Exeter to Jordan, Oxford Today, Volume 14, Number 3, 2002.
  4. ^ Philip Pullman 'Dreaming of Spires', [1], The Guardian, 27 July 2002.
  5. ^ Philip Pullman 'Dreaming of Spires', [2], The Guardian, 27 July 2002.
  6. ^ "Arts and Drama — His Dark Materials — Dictionary", BBC Radio 4.