City Circle Line
The City Circle Line (Danish: Cityringen) is a future expansion of the Copenhagen Metro. Plans for its construction were approved by the Danish Parliament on 1 June 2007. Preferred bidders were announced in November 2010. The total cost was estimated at 15 billion kroner but had risen to 21.3 billion kroner when the contractors were announced.
Stations and route
The 15.5 km City Circle Line will serve 17 stations. It will intersect the M1 and M2 lines at Kongens Nytorv and Frederiksberg stations, and suburban train services at København H, Østerport and Nørrebro. It will extend the Metro network to the Nørrebro and Østerbro areas and København H (the Copenhagen central station).
Initially, two possible routes were considered, after an even bigger screening of ideas. In December 2005, the Copenhagen and Frederiksberg municipalities selected the Frederiksberg route. The purpose is to cover areas not yet serviced by S-trains or the Metro.
The finished line will influence much of Copenhagen's current transport network; it is believed that the expanded Metro will replace most bus services in the inner city.
As of 2007, the Metro company plans to let the track be served by two new lines, the M3 and M4. These will run on the same tracks, but the M3 will be a circle route running around the entire line, whereas the M4 will shuttle only the eastern half of the line, from København H to Nørrebro. This will equalize the number of passengers in the busiest part of the line.
A map published by the Metro company shows an additional three potential lines extending into the suburbs of metropolitan Copenhagen. If these lines become approved, two of them will be extensions of the M4.
Stations under construction
Stations are listed counterclockwise, beginning in the south-east.
- Københavns Hovedbanegård (Copenhagen Central Station, interchange with S-trains and DSB. Terminus of the M4.)
- Rådhuspladsen (City Hall Square)
- Gammel Strand near Christiansborg Palace
- Kongens Nytorv (interchange with M1 and M2)
- Frederiks Kirke (The Marble Church)
- Østerport (interchange with S-trains and DSB)
- Trianglen (close to the Parken stadium)
- Poul Henningsens Plads
- Vibenshus Runddel
- Skjolds Plads
- Nørrebro (interchange with S-trains.)
- Nørrebros Runddel
- Nuuks Plads
- Aksel Møllers Have
- Frederiksberg (interchange with M1 and M2)
- Frederiksberg Allé
- Enghave Plads
These new stations will have a similar design and structure to those of the current metro, but with more varied materials and colors, making the individual station more recognisable.
- "Metro-Cityringen vedtaget: Markant løft af den kollektive trafik i hovedstadsområdet" (in Danish). Transportministeriet (Danish Transport Ministry). 2007-06-01.
- "København Cityringen contractors selected". Railway Gazette International. 25 November 2010.
- "Enighed om Metro-ring til 15 milliarder kroner". DR Nyheder. 2005-12-02.
- Birgitte Marfelt. "Nordhavnen er på vej ud i sejlrenden" Ingeniøren, 31 August 2013. Accessed: 16 October 2013.
- "Cityring — Linjeføringen". Metro. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- "Metro Cityring". Metro. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- Information about the City Circle from the official Copenhagen Metro web site
- City Circle Line official website (Danish)