City Pier A
City Pier A
|Location||Battery Place at the Hudson River
Manhattan, New York City
|Architect||George Sears Greene Jr. (engineer)|
|NRHP Reference #||75001203|
|Added to NRHP||June 27, 1975|
|Designated NYCL||July 12, 1977|
City Pier A is a municipal pier in the Hudson River at Battery Park near the southern end of Manhattan in New York City. It has also been named Liberty Gateway. It is the last surviving historic pier in the city.
Pier A was built from 1884 to 1886 to serve the New York City Department of Docks and Harbor Police. The engineer in charge of construction and design was George Sears Greene Jr. (1837-1922), the son of the civil engineer and Union general George S. Greene (1801-1899). The design mirrored the Statue of Liberty which could be viewed from a similar but shorter tower. The roof was tin, painted green to fake copper. In renovation by th Battery Park City Authority this roof was discarded, and replaced with copper.
The pier was expanded in 1900 and again in 1919 with a clock installed in the pier's tower as a memorial to 116,000 US servicemen who died during World War I. The clock is a ship's clock and was donated by Daniel G. Reid, founder of United States Steel Corporation. The clock was unveiled at noon on January 25, 1919 by Rear Admiral Josiah S. McKean, with speeches made by Mayor John Francis Hylan and Docks Commissioner George Murray Hulbert. It is said to be the first World War I memorial erected in the United States.
The New York City Fire Department used the pier for many years as the main station for its Marine Division. The pier has repeatedly had proposals for redevelopment which eventually were not realized. In 2007, Daniel L. Doctoroff, deputy mayor for economic development, proposed to use the pier building for the ferry terminal to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island and other harbor destinations. The Pier will be shortly taken over by a restaurant whose owners have been responsible for the upgrade on downtown's historic Stone Street.
In popular culture
- List of New York City Landmarks
- National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County, New York
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, p.7
- New York, 15 walking tours: an architectural guide to the metropolis, Gerard R. Wolfe, McGraw-Hill Professional, 2003
- A biographical dictionary of people in engineering: from the earliest records until 2000, Carl W. Hall, Purdue University Press, 2008
- Wind ship's clock today, New York Times (January 25, 1919)
- A Survey of New York City World War I Monuments, Laura Canon, www.worldwar1.com
- McGeehan, Patrick (August 7, 2007). "121-Year-Old Pier Seen as Portal to 'Harbor District'". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-31.