Stadion Miejski (Poznań)
|Full name||Municipal Stadium in Poznań|
|Former names||Stadion Lecha|
|Location||ul. Bułgarska 17, 60-320 Poznań, Poland|
|Owner||City of Poznań|
|Record attendance||45,000 (Lech Poznań-Widzew Łódź, 8 April 1984)|
|Field size||105 × 68 m|
|Opened||August 23, 1980|
|Construction cost||≈760 million PLN (renovation only)|
|Architect||Modern Construction Design Sp. z o.o.|
The Municipal Stadium in Poznań (Polish: Stadion Miejski w Poznaniu, pronounced [ˈstadjɔn ˈmjɛjskʲi]), sometimes called Bułgarska Street Stadium or INEA Stadion [iˈnɛ.a ˈstadjɔn] for sponsorship reasons, is an association football stadium in Poznań, Poland. It is the home ground of Lech Poznań and is one of the venues for the finals of Euro 2012. It has a league capacity of 43,269 (all seated). The stadium was originally built between 1968 and 1980. From its inauguration in August 1980, Lech Poznań has used the ground as its main venue; since 2010 it has also been used by Warta Poznań, which currently plays in I Liga. The ground is situated on the street ul. Bułgarska in the southwestern part of the city (Grunwald district).
In the years 2003–2010, the stadium underwent a complete reconstruction, including the building of four new fully covered stands. Currently it is the fifth-largest stadium in Poland (after National Stadium, Silesia Stadium, The Municipal Stadium in Wroclaw and PGE Arena Gdańsk) and third largest in Ekstraklasa (after the latter two). The grand opening after final renovation took place on 20 September 2010, with Sting's Symphonicity Tour concert.
Construction works of the Municipal Stadium began in 1968. Like most stadiums in those times, it was built on artificial hills on which concrete benches and crown of the stadium was later formed. The construction consisted of three stands (in a characteristic U-shaped style), while place dedicated for fourth stand was left free. Swimming pool and gyms were supposed to be built there, but that plan was never realized. It took almost 12 years to complete the whole structure. The first match on the new stadium Lech Poznan played on August 23, 1980 with audience of 18,000 people. The match between “Kolejorz” and Motor Lublin ended in a 1-1 draw. The first goal scorer for the home team at the new stadium was Mark Skurczyński.
Six years later the most specific elements of the stadium were built - four 56-meters height masts with floodlights whose total illuminance was 1890 lux. First time floodlights was used on match between National teams of Poland and Greece (2-1).
Record attendance was noted at 8 April 1984, when the stadium was filled with about 45,000 spectators, while the official capacity at that time was only 40 000. The opponent was Widzew Łódź and match ended with 1-0 Lech’s victory. A few years later, Municipal Stadium was equipped with an electronic scoreboard, which was placed behind the sector number 8. For many years, there has not been any modernization work besides installing the plastic chairs on the whole object in the early 90s.
On this stadium Lech Poznan began its "golden age". In the 1980s and 1990s, Lech won six league titles (1983, 1984, 1990, 1992, 1993, 2010), five Polish Cups (1982, 1984, 1988, 2004, 2009) and four Polish SuperCup (1990, 1992, 2004, 2009).
Process of complete reconstruction of the stadium began in mid-2003. The first stage of works was to build completely new construction of north stand in the place dedicated for fourth stand on the old stadium. North stand “closed down” characteristic U-shaped construction style of the stadium and increased its capacity by an additional 8124 seats. The stand was opened in March 2004. Almost two years later, the roof construction covering all seats on north stand was built. In the same time the stadium was equipped with an under-soil heating system. Also floodlights masts modernization took place in the same year. In January 2006, construction of stands no. II (South stand) began in place of demolished old stadium’s sections occupied by most fanatics supporters of Lech Poznań. This part of the stadium was traditionally called “Kocioł” (Polish “Boiler”). The construction of first two storeys of this 3-level stand were completed in February 2007, with work on the third one finalized in September 2008. This resulted in increased the entire stand capacity to about 9000 seats.
After Poland was chosen as a co-hosting Nation for Euro 2012 the city authorities decided to revise the architectural concept of the stadium and thus larger facility was decided to be built. The stadium capacity increased to about 45 thousand seats. According to a new project stands no. I and III (along sidelines) were built as two-level constructions. Both have capacity 13 750 spectators. VIP lounges, media zone, locker rooms, referees rooms and club facilities are located on the stand no. I. Whole seats located on stand no. III are dedicated strictly for football fans. All places on the stadium are seated - folding stadium seats are installed in such a way as to maintain a minimum 12 cm clearance between each other.
Modernization and expansion project of the stadium was delivered by Modern Construction Systems. In comparison to the earlier architectural concepts, the last one changed the roof construction design. The concept introduced roof as a membrane in natural colors of silk. Whole membrane is divided into equal segments - each of them is 9 meters long and gives the impression of wavy-like shape. The roof forms cohesive whole over stands I, II, and III. Part of the roof over the stand no. II is a movable structure, designed to ensure proper illumination of grass on some part of the pitch. Cubature of the stadium is 1,300,000 m² and total area is 250,000 m². The original architectural concept of stadium modernization from 2002, was finally replaced by concept designed in 2008. Construction work based on this concept took place in years 2008-2012. Work on the stands no. I and III started in October 2008 and was completed in September 2010. New model of folding seats was installed on all four stands. They are wider than previous models, so the capacity of the stadium was reduced to 43,000. Originally planned capacity was about 2000 seats more.
- Stand no. I (length - 136.13 m / width - 58.64 m)
This is the main stand on the stadium. Facilities under the stands are designed for players (locker rooms, saunas, massage rooms etc.), press and special guests. Under the stand no. I an underground parking for cars and buses is located at the level of - 4.90 meters. The remaining storeys are dedicated for players, referees, fans and the press. Moreover there are conference rooms, offices, storage and technical rooms located under the stand. Training grounds are located behind this stand.
- Stand no. II (length - 128.73 m / width - 48.35 m)
Stand no. II is located on the side of the historical fortification structure named Fort VIII Grolman. The stand is the only three-level stand on the stadium dedicated for spectators. Some rooms located in south-west corner of stand no. II are reserved for future hotel complex.
- Stand no. III (length - 136.13 m / width - 58.64 m)
East stand of the stadium is located on the side of Bułgarska street. This is second stand located behind sidelines. All five storeys with gastronomic points, toilets, staircase and other stuff are designed for spectators. Storage facilities, technical rooms, warehouse and staff rooms are located on lower levels on this stand. In addition, at the level + 3.30 two conference rooms with a capacity of 25 and 50 people are located.
- Stand no. IV (length - 189.00 m / width - 42.80 m)
North stand was built first, before revisions of stadium’s architectural concept took place. This is the smallest stand on the stadium with all space and rooms dedicated for the spectator. The structure is composed of four storeys. At the level of + 6.60 there are seats for disabled persons located.
Football field maintenance
During reconstruction it was decided to build quite steep stands in order to promote spectators interaction. However, a consequence of this solution is also a poor grass growth on the football pitch because of sunlight hardly getting through. This makes it necessary for turf to be exchanged a few times a year. It is hoped that the frequency of replacement will drop after the rehabilitation of football ground carried out in August/September 2011.
Euro 2012 matches
The stadium was one of the venues for the group stages of the UEFA Euro 2012 championships. Three Group C matches were played there: Croatia v. Republic of Ireland on 10 June, Croatia v. Italy on 14 June, and Republic of Ireland v. Italy on 18 June. (The other three matches in that group took place at PGE Arena, Gdańsk).
|Date||Time (CEST)||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Round||Scored|
|2012-06-10||20:45||Republic of Ireland||1:3||Croatia||Group C||Sean St Ledger
Mario Mandžukić (x2)
|2012-06-14||18.00||Italy||1:1||Croatia||Group C||Andrea Pirlo
|2012-06-18||20.45||Italy||2:0||Republic of Ireland||Group C||Antonio Cassano
- Poznań-Ławica Airport
- Motorway A2 linked with Stadium
- Poznań Główny railway station
- List of football stadiums in Poland
- Zenon Kubiak. "To pewne - Warta będzie grała na Bułgarskiej - Wieści - MM Moje Miasto" (in Polish). Mmpoznan.pl. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Stadion Miejski w Poznaniu (Stadion Lecha Poznań) –". Stadiony.net. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Stadiony piłkarskie w Polsce –". Stadiony.net. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Poland 1980/81". Rsssf.com. 2001-04-01. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Maciej Kostecki, Tomasz Kiełbowicz (www.eMaxer.eu) (2011-12-03). "Lech Poznań NET- Nieoficjalny serwis poznańskiego Lecha". Lechpoznan.net. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Kks Lech Poznań S.A". Lechpoznan.pl. 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- Maciej Kusina. "Skarb - Lech Poznań". 90minut.pl. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Bezbramkowe derby Wielkopolski". mogiel (90minut.pl). Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "Trwa montaż dachu na stadionie Lecha". miasta.gazeta.pl. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "Zakończono budowę trybuny stadionu Lecha". urbanity.pl. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "Modernizacja stadionu". europoznan2012.pl. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
- "Kolejny kłopot z trawą stadionu w Poznaniu". Piotr Leśniowski (gazeta.pl). March 24, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- "Trawa na Bułgarskiej będzie wymieniana już zawsze?". sport.pl. March 7, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- Euro 2012: Venue guide for European Championship finals, news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Miejski Stadium, Poznań.|
- Stadium on map
- Official Poznań city preparation website (Polish)
- Fotos on official Poznań city coordinating company website (Polish)
- Lech Poznań club website
- Stadium history and description