City of Ipswich
|City of Ipswich
Location within South East Queensland
|• Density||147.315/km2 (381.544/sq mi)|
|Area||1,203.7 km2 (464.8 sq mi)|
|Region||South East Queensland|
|State electorate(s)||Ipswich, Bundamba|
|Federal Division(s)||Oxley, Blair|
The City of Ipswich is a local government area which governs the outer western portion of the Brisbane Metropolitan Area, Queensland. It covers an area of 1,090 square kilometres (420.9 sq mi) along the coast about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Brisbane CBD. The City of Ipswich local government area has a population of 180,000 (2013).
Ipswich is centrally located in the South East Queensland region of Australia. To the east is the City of Brisbane local government area, and to the west are the rural and agricultural areas of the Brisbane, Lockyer and Fassifern Valleys. The Ipswich local government area comprises an area of 1090 square km and reached a population of 180,000 in 2013.
Ipswich is the second-oldest local government area in Queensland, after Brisbane. On 16 November 1859, after the enactment of the Municipalities Act of 1858 in New South Wales, a petition containing 91 signatures was received by the Governor of New South Wales seeking to have Ipswich, which at the time had 3,000 people, granted municipal town status. The petition was gazetted the following day, and no counter-petition was received.
On 29 November, the letters patent authorised by Queen Victoria which were to make Queensland a separate colony were published in New South Wales, and the petition was forwarded to the new Queensland governor, Sir George Ferguson Bowen. On 10 December 1859, the same day that the letters patent were published in Queensland, the petition was regazetted. On 3 March 1860 the Borough of Ipswich was proclaimed, and its first elections were held on 19 April 1860, where John Murphy became its first Mayor. The Municipality's corporate logo was designed by Reverend Lacey H. Rumsey, the rector of St Paul's Church in Ipswich in 1861.
Ipswich applied on 22 November 1904 to become a City, the status being conferred by the Government of Queensland on 1 December 1904 and its first mayor was Hugh Reilly. On its declaration, the City of Ipswich covered only the central area of Ipswich itself - even what are today considered inner suburbs were parts of different entities.
Beginning in 1994 Ipswich adopted an innovative, community-based, information technology project which aimed to make the city a technology hub at the forefront of the growing move towards the information superhighway. The most prominent feature of the initiative, which was called Global Info-Links, was the development of a new library with free public internet access and the development of a wide area network to which people could subscribe.
The Greater Ipswich Scheme of 1916
- an enlarged City of Ipswich by including part of the Shire of Brassall and part of the Shire of Bundanba
- a new Shire of Ipswich by amalgamating part of the Shire of Brassall, part of the Shire of Bundanba, part of the Shire of Walloon and all of the Shire of Purga
- an enlarged Shire of Rosewood by including part of the Shire of Walloon
- an enlarged Shire of Esk by including all of the Shire of Lowood
Greater Ipswich Scheme of 1949
On 29 January 1949, a new Local Government Act was enacted to further amalgamate local government in the Ipswich area, abolishing the Shires of Normanby and Rosewood. The City of Ipswich was enlarged (from 12¼ square miles to 30 square miles) to include the more urban parts of the Shire of Moreton (formerly known as the Shire of Ipswich). The Shire of Moreton was then enlarged by the inclusion of the northern part of the Shire of Normanby and all the Shire of Rosewood. The southern part of the Shire of Normanby was transferred to an enlarged Shire of Boonah.
The Shire of Moreton amalgamated with Ipswich on 11 March 1995.
Loss of rural areas
In March 2000, Ipswich ceded some rural territory in Mount Walker, Mutdapilly, Rosevale and Warrill View to the neighbouring Shire of Boonah. Following the major reforms of local government in Queensland, on 15 March 2008, Ipswich lost the largely rural areas of Harrisville and Peak Crossing in its southeast to the new Scenic Rim Region.
Because Ipswich is the head of navigation on the Brisbane and tributary rivers, it was chosen as the starting point of the first railway to the interior. This saved money in the first instance, and only later was this railway was connected to the City of Brisbane area.
The local government has 10 Councillors each representing one division (or ward). Each Councillor serves a four-year term. The Mayor is directly elected by the people every 4 years. Future elections will be held in 2016 and 2020.
The mayors of Ipswich have been:
|A.G. Sutton||1938–1939||A.G. Sutton was appointed to serve out Stephenson's term after the latter's death in October 1938.|
|Alfred Tully Stephenson||1933–1938|
|Alfred Tully Stephenson||1921–1929|||
Prior to 1921, mayors were elected on an annual basis from amongst the councillors, as follows:
|John F. Lobb||1920|
|Edward John L Easton||1919|
|Pearson Welsley Cameron||1917|
|Frederick George Springall||1915|
|Alfred Tully Stephenson||1914|
|Alfred Tully Stephenson||1912|
|Richard P. Watson||1911|
|William Thomas Deacon||1908|
|Alfred John Stephenson||1907|
|William Henry Summerville||1903|
|C.W.L. (Louis) Heiner||1902|
|Peter Brown||1900||(Deceased 27/6)|
|William Thomas Deacon||1896-1897|
|Henry E. Wyman||1894|
|Denis Thomas Keogh||1893|
|John Swain Willey||1881-1882|
|Charles Frederick Chubb||1877|
|Henry Caleb Williams||1868|||
|J. Pettigrew||from September 1864|
|Francis North||1863-1864||died 8 August 1864|
- Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011, ‘Ipswich (B 01a) (Total Persons), 2011 Census of Population Basic Community profile,’ Retrieved 1 June 2013 <http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_ services/getproduct/census/2011/communityprofile/310?opendocument&navpos=230>
- Joel Gould (27 April 2013). "Ipswich's rocketing population hits 180,000". The Queensland Times. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- 22 Vic No. 13 (Imp), assented 27 October 1858
- Larcombe, F.A. (Frederick) (1973). The Origin of Local Government in New South Wales 1831–58. Sydney University Press. pp. 273–274. ISBN 0-424-06610-6.
- National Archives of Australia (2005). "Letters Patent erecting Colony of Queensland 6 June 1859 (UK)". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
- Ipswich City Council (17 October 2007). "Council History". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
- Mal, Bryce (2010). Australia’s First Online Community Ipswich Queensland. Xlibris Corporation. p. 75. ISBN 9781456813314. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Greater Ipswich Scheme.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 14 October 1916. p. 4. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Local Authorities Act 1902 - Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 13 October 1916. p. 1916:1093.
- "Agency ID992, Ipswich City Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Agency ID995, Ipswich Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Agency ID11326, Lowood Shire Council". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- "Local Government Acts 1936–1948 - Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 29 January 1949. p. 1949:343.
- "GREATER IPSWICH AREA BY MAY.". Queensland Times (Ipswich) (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Ipswich) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 28 January 1949. p. 1 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "BIGGER SHIRES OPERATE SOON.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 15 January 1949. p. 4. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
- "Local Government Act 1993 – Order in Council". Queensland Government Gazette. 11 March 1995. p. 1995:1381.
- Geoff Egan (1 November 2012). "Massive housing project launches". Queensland Times. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Mayor and Councillors". Ipswich City Council. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
- Ipswich City Council (2005). "Mayors of Ipswich 1860–2005 – Chronological List". Retrieved 14 March 2008.
- Pugh, Theophilus Parsons (1927). Pugh's Almanac for 1927. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
- "TELEGRAPHIC.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 February 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Ipswich City Council – Official site