City of Lancaster

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This article is about the local government district of Lancashire, England, formed in 1974. For the ancient city itself,, see Lancaster, Lancashire. For other cities named Lancaster, see Lancaster (disambiguation).
City of Lancaster
City & non-metropolitan district
A view over Lancaster
A view over Lancaster
Official logo of City of Lancaster
Coat of arms of Lancaster City Council
Motto: "Luck to Loyne"
Lancaster shown within Lancashire and England
Lancaster shown within Lancashire and England
Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N 2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Lancashire
Admin HQ Lancaster
City status (Lancaster) 1937
Non-metropolitan district status 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type City
 • Governing body Lancaster City Council
 • MPs: David Morris, Eric Ollerenshaw
Area
 • Total 222.34 sq mi (575.86 km2)
Population
 • Total 133,914
 • Ethnicity 97.8% White
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
ONS code 30UH
OS grid reference SD475615
Website www.lancaster.gov.uk

The City of Lancaster /ˈlæŋkæstər/[1] is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms and rural hinterland. The city has a population of 138,375,[2] and an area of 222 square miles (575 km2).

The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham, together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

History[edit]

Further information: History of Lancashire

Government[edit]

The higher tier of local government is Lancashire County Council. At a lower level, there are many parish councils.[3] There is a List of civil parishes in the district.

The district comprises two parliamentary constituencies: Lancaster and Fleetwood and Morecambe and Lunesdale.[4] In the 2010 General Election both seats were won by the Conservatives.

At the May 2012 local elections the council stood at:[5]

  • Labour Party – 24
  • Conservative Party – 15
  • Green Party – 8
  • Morecambe Bays Independents – 8
  • Independents – 3
  • Free Independents – 2

Elections for all council seats are held every four years. There were elections in 2007[6] and 2011[7] and elections are expected in 2015.

Demography[edit]

Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census Lancaster[8] Lancashire[9] England United Kingdom
Total population 133,914 1,134,974 49,138,831 58,789,194
White 97.8% 94.7% 90.9% 92.14%
Asian 0.7% 4.1% 4.6% 3.4%
Black 0.2% 0.2% 2.3% 2%

At the 2001 UK census, the City of Lancaster had a total population of 133,914.[10] Of the 55,839 households in the city, 33.5% were married couples living together, 31.9% were one-person households, 7.8% were co-habiting couples and 10.0% were lone parents. These figures were similar to the national averages.[11]

The population density was 233 /km2 (600 /sq mi)[12] and for every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Lancaster, 26.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. The city of Lancaster had a higher proportion of white people than Lancashire and England.[10]

Population change[edit]

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the City of Lancaster has existed as a district since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the city.

Population growth in City of Lancaster since 1801
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 23,818 24,842 28,374 30,987 32,998 33,437 37,943 42,450 46,956 57,577 64,617 72,538 77,409 82,622 92,752 104,126 113,083 122,820 118,599 130,022 133,914
 % change +4.3 +14.3 +9.2 +6.5 +1.3 +13.5 +11.9 +10.6 +22.6 +12.2 +12.3 +6.7 +6.7 +12.3 +12.3 +8.6 +8.6 −3.4 +9.6 +3.0
Source: Vision of Britain[13]

Religion[edit]

Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census City of Lancaster[10] Lancashire[14] England
Population 133,914 1,134,974 49,138,831
Christian 76.3% 78.0% 71.7%
Muslim 0.6% 3.0% 3.1%
No religion 13.6% 10.5% 14.6%

At the 2001 UK census, 76.3% of Lancaster's population reported themselves as Christian, 0.6% Muslim, 0.3% Buddhist, 0.1% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. 13.6% had no religion, 0.3% had an alternative religion and 8.7% did not state their religion.[10] The city is covered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster,[15] and the Church of England Diocese of Blackburn.[16]

Economy[edit]

City of Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census City of Lancaster[17] Lancashire[18] England
Population of working age 97,365 814,434 35,532,091
Full-time employment 33.5% 39.2% 40.8%
Part-time employment 12.7% 12.2% 11.8%
Self employed 7.8% 8.2% 8.3%
Unemployed 3.6% 2.9% 3.3%
Retired 14.9% 15.0% 13.5%

At the United Kingdom Census 2001, the City of Lancaster had 97,365 residents aged 16 to 74. Of these people, 4.0% were students with jobs, 9.6% students without jobs, 5.1% looking after home or family, 6.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons.[17]

In 2001, of the 55,906 residents of the City of Lancaster in employment, the industry of employment was 16.7% retail and wholesale, 14.2% health and social work, 11.4% education, 11.2% manufacturing, 7.8% property and business services, 6.7% construction, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 6.5% transport and communications, 5.7% public administration and defence, 2.5% finance, 2.4% energy and water supply, 2.2% agriculture, 0.4% mining, and 5.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures,although the proportion of jobs in agriculture which was more than the national average of 1.5% and the percentage of people working in finance and was below the national average of 4.8%; the proportion of people working in property was well below the national average of 13.2%.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roach, Peter; Hartman, James; Setter, Jane et al., eds. (2006). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (17th ed.). Cambridge: CUP. ISBN 978-0-521-68086-8. 
  2. ^ http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/corporate/web/?siteid=6120&pageid=39945&e=e
  3. ^ "Parish Councils". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Your MPs". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Your Councillors by Party". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 3rd May 2007". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Lancaster City Council Elections - Thursday, 5th May 2011". Lancaster City Council. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  8. ^ Lancaster Local Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  9. ^ Lancashire Education Authority ethnic group, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  10. ^ a b c d Lancaster Local Authority key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  11. ^ Lancaster Local Authority household data, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  12. ^ Lancaster Local Authority population density, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  13. ^ Lancaster District: total population, Vision of Britain, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  14. ^ Cumbria Education Authority key statistics, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  15. ^ The Diocese of Lancaster, Lancaster Diocese, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  16. ^ The Diocese of Blackburn, Blackburn Diocese, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  17. ^ a b Lancaster Local Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  18. ^ Lancashire Education Authority economic activity, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 
  19. ^ Lancaster Local Authority industry of employment, Statistics.gov.uk, retrieved 2009-06-26 

External links[edit]