City of York (UK Parliament constituency)

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City of York
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of City of York in North Yorkshire for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of North Yorkshire within England.
County North Yorkshire
Major settlements York
1265–2010
Number of members One
Replaced by York Central, York Outer

The City of York was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency covered most of the city of York, though the outer parts of the city and local council area fell within the Selby, Vale of York and Ryedale constituencies.

History[edit]

By virtue of its importance York was regularly represented in Parliament from an early date: it had been required to send delegates to the assembly of 1265, but no actual returns survive until the end of the 13th century.

A borough constituency consisting of the city of York has been represented in every Parliament since the Model Parliament of 1295. Until 1918, it returned two MPs; since then it has returned one. Until 1997, when its official name became City of York with no boundary changes,[1] the constituency was usually simply called York.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in North Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England recommended the creation of two new seats for the City of York. Both the City of York and Vale of York seats were abolished in 2010 and replaced by two new constituencies, namely York Central and York Outer

Members of Parliament[edit]

1265-1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1294 Nicholas de Selby Roger Basy[2]
1297 John le Espicer Nicholas Clarevaux[2]
1297 John le Sezevaux Gilbert de Arnald[2]
1299 John de Askham And. de Bolingbroke[2]
1304 Thomas le Anguiler John de Sezevaux[2]
1305 John de Graham Roger de Roston[2]
1306 John de Askam John de Sezevaux[2]
1307 John de Askam John de Ebor[2]
1308 Thomas de Norfolk Nicholas Grantbridge[2]
1310 John de Graa Thomas Aguiler[2]
1311 Thomas de Alwerthorpe John Segge[2]
1312 Thomas de Redness Nicholas Sezevaux[2]
1313 Nicholas Sezevaux John de Appelton[2]
1314 John de Appelton John de Ughtred[2]
1318 John de Sexdecim Vallibus (Sezevaux) Henry Calvert[2]
1321 Henry Calvert Thomas de Redness[2]
1325 John de Askam Simon de Kingston[2]
1326 William de Redness Henry de Bolton[2]
1327 Thomas de Redness Nicholas Sezevaux[2]
1327 Richard Tannock Thomas de Montefort[2]
1328 William Fox William de Baronia[2]
1328 Thomas de Pontefract John de Burton[2]
1329 Thomas de Gargrave John de Kyrkeby[2]
1349 John de Womme Richard de Saugerry[2]
1340 Hamo Hassoy Gilbert Picklinton[2]
1341 Walter Keldsterne Henry Golbeter[2]
1341 Thomas fil Richard Jihn Ichon[2]
1342 Henry Goldbeter Walter Keldsterne[2]
1344 Thomas de Redness John de Heton[2]
1346 John de Sherburne Richard de Setterington[2]
1347 William Graa Walter Keldsterne[2]
1348 William Graa William Skipwith[2]
1350 Roger Noringvill Walter Kelletern[2]
1352 Hugo de Miton John de Creyke[2]
1352 Hamo de Hessay [2]
1353 William Graa Hamo de Hessay[2]
1355 Roger de Normanville William Graa[2]
1359 Thomas Auguber John de Sexdecim Vallibus (Sezevaux)
Roger de Henningham[2]
1360 John de Gisburn [2]
1360 William Graa [2]
1362 John de Allerton Roger de Selby[2]
1364 William Graa Robert Hawton[2]
1365 William Graa John de Acastre[2]
1369 William Graa John de Acastre[2]
1371 William Graa [2]
1372 William Graa Robert Hawton[2]
1373 John de Gisburn John de Acastre[2]
1376 Thomas Graa John Eshton[2]
1378 John de Acastre Thomas Graa[2]
1379 Thomas Graa Roger de Moreton[2]
1382 William Savage William Selby[2]
1383 Thomas Graa William Selby[2]
1384 Thomas Quixley John Howden[2]
1385 Thomas Graa Thomas Howden[2]
1386 Thomas Graa Robert Savage[3]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Holme John Howden[3]
1388 (Sep) John Ripon John Howden[3]
1390 (Jan)
1390 (Nov)
1391 William Selby John Howden[3]
1393 Thomas Graa William Helmsley[3]
1394 Thomas Graa John __?[3]
1395 Thomas Graa William Selby[3]
1397 (Jan) Thomas Graa William Selby[3]
1397 (Sep)
1399 William Frost John Bolton[3]
1401
1402 Robert Talkan Robert Ward[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406
1407 Robert Talkan John Bolton[3]
1410
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Santon William Alne[3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Robert Holme John Northby[3]
1415 John Morton Richard Russell[3]
1416 (Mar) Willim Bowes William Alne[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Santon John Blackburn[3]
1419 Thomas Gare John Northby[3]
1420 John Penrith Henry Preston[3]
1421 (May) William Bowes John Morton[3]
1421 (Dec) Thomas Gare William Ormshead[3]|
1422 William Bowes[4] Richard Russell [5]
1425 Richard Russell [6]
1426 William Ormshead [7]
1431 William Ormshead [8] William Bowes[4]
1492 Thomas Scotton
1504 William Nelson [9]
1510 William Nelson Brian Palmes[10]
1512 William Nelson Thomas Drawswerd[10]
1515 William Nelson William Wright[10]
1523 Thomas Burton John Norman[10]
1529 Peter Jackson, died
and replaced Jan 1533 by
George Gale
George Lawson[10]
1536 George Gale Sir George Lawson[10]
1539 John Hogeson William Tancred[10]
1542 John Hogeson George Gale[10]
1545 John North Robert Hall[10]
1547 Thomas Gargrave William Holme[10]
1553 (Mar) William Watson William Holme[10]
1553 (Oct) John North Robert Hall[10]
1554 (Apr) John Beane Richard White[10]
1554 (Nov) William Holme William Coupland[10]
1555 William Holme Reginald Beseley[10]
1558 William Holme Robert Paycock[10]
1558/1559 William Watson Richard Goldthorpe[11]
1562 (Dec) William Watson Ralph Hall[11]
1571 (Mar) Ralph Hall Hugh Graves[11]
1572 (Apr) Gregory Paycock, sick
and replaced Feb 1581 by
Robert Askewith
Hugh Graves[11]
1584 William Robinson Robert Brooke[11]
1586 (Oct) William Hillard Robert Brooke[11]
1588 (Nov) Robert Askewith William Robinson[11]
1593 Andrew Trewe James Birkby[11]
1597 (Sep) James Birkby Thomas Moseley[11]
1601 (Oct) Sir John Bennet Henry Hall[11]
1604 Robert Askwith Christopher Brooke
1614 Sir Robert Askwith Christopher Brooke
1621 Sir Robert Askwith Christopher Brooke
1624 Sir Arthur Ingram Christopher Brooke
1625 Sir Arthur Ingram Christopher Brooke
1626 Sir Arthur Ingram Christopher Brooke
1628 Sir Arthur Ingram Sir Thomas Savile
replaced after petition by
Thomas Hoyle
1629–1640 No Parliaments Summoned

Short Parliament

Long Parliament

Barebones Parliament

First Protectorate Parliament

Second Protectorate Parliament

Third Protectorate Parliament

Long Parliament (restored)

1660-1918[edit]

Election First member[12] First party Second member[12] Second party
1660 Sir Thomas Widdrington Sir Metcalfe Robinson
1661 Colonel John Scott
1665 Sir Thomas Osborne
1673 Sir Henry Thompson[13]
1679 Whig Sir John Hewley Whig
1685 Sir John Reresby Tory Sir Metcalfe Robinson
1689 Viscount Dunblane Tory Edward Thompson
1690 Robert Waller Henry Thompson
1695 Edward Thompson Tobias Jenkins
1698 Sir William Robinson
January 1701 Edward Thompson
December 1701 Tobias Jenkins
1705 Robert Benson
1713 Robert Fairfax
1715 Tobias Jenkins
1722 Sir William Milner, Bt Edward Thompson
1734 Sir John Lister Kaye
1741 Godfrey Wentworth
1742 George Fox[14] Tory
1747 William Thornton
1754 Sir John Armytage
1758 William Thornton
1761 Sir George Armytage Robert Lane
1768 Charles Turner[15] Lord John Cavendish Whig
1783 The Viscount Galway Tory
1784 Richard Slater Milnes Tory
1790 Sir William Mordaunt Milner, Bt Whig
1802 Lawrence Dundas Whig
1807 Sir Mark Masterman-Sykes Tory
1811 Lawrence Dundas Whig
March 1820 Marmaduke Wyvill Whig
June 1820 Robert Chaloner Whig
1826 James Wilson Tory
1830 Hon. Thomas Dundas Whig Samuel Adlam Bayntun Tory
1832 Hon. Edward Petre Whig
1833 Hon. Thomas Dundas Whig
1835 Hon. John Dundas Whig John Henry Lowther Conservative
1841 Henry Galgacus Redhead Yorke Whig
1847 John George Smyth Conservative
1848 William Mordaunt Edward Milner Whig
1857 Joshua Proctor Brown Westhead Liberal
1865 George Leeman Liberal James Lowther Conservative
1868 Joshua Proctor Brown Westhead Liberal
1871 George Leeman Liberal
1880 Joseph Johnson Leeman Liberal Ralph Creyke Liberal
1883 Sir Frederick Milner, Bt Conservative
1885 Alfred Edward Pease Liberal Frank Lockwood Liberal
1892 John George Butcher Conservative
1898 Admiral Lord Charles Beresford Conservative
1900 George Denison Faber Conservative
1906 Hamar Greenwood Liberal
January 1910 Arnold Stephenson Rowntree Liberal John George Butcher Conservative
1918 Representation reduced to one member

1918–2010[edit]

Election Member[12] Party
1918 John George Butcher Conservative
1923 Sir John Marriott Conservative
1929 Frederick George Burgess Labour
1931 Roger Lumley Conservative
1937 by-election Charles Ingram Courtenay Wood Conservative
1945 John Corlett Labour
1950 Sir Harry Hylton-Foster Conservative
1959 Charles Longbottom Conservative
1966 Alex Lyon Labour
1983 Conal Gregory Conservative
1992 Hugh Bayley Labour
2010 constituency abolished: see York Central and York Outer

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: City of York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 21,836 46.9 −5.4
Conservative Clive Booth 11,364 24.4 +0.9
Liberal Democrat Andrew Waller 10,166 21.8 +4.0
Green Andy D'Agorne 2,113 4.5 +1.4
UKIP Richard Jackson 832 1.8 +0.6
Independent Ken Curran 121 0.3 N/A
Death, Dungeons and Taxes Party Damien Fleck 93 0.2 N/A
Independent Andrew Hinkles 72 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,472 22.5 −6.3
Turnout 46,597 61.7 +2.7
Labour hold Swing −3.2
General Election 2001: City of York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 25,072 52.3 −7.7
Conservative Michael McIntyre 11,293 23.5 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Andrew Waller 8,519 17.8 +6.6
Green Bill Shaw 1,465 3.1 +1.5
Socialist Alliance Frank Ormston 674 1.4 +1.4
UKIP Richard Bate 576 1.2 +0.7
Monster Raving Loony G. Cambridge 381 0.8 +0.8
Majority 13,779 28.8
Turnout 47,980 59.0 −14.2
Labour hold Swing −3.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 34,956 59.91
Conservative Simon J. Mallett 14,433 24.74
Liberal Democrat Andrew Waller 6,537 11.20
Referendum Party Jonathan Sheppard 1,083 1.86
Green Mark Hill 880 1.51
UKIP Eric Wegener 319 0.55
Independent Andrew Lightfoot 137 0.24
Majority 20,523 35.18
Turnout 73.20
Labour hold Swing +12.60
General Election 1992: York[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Bayley 31,525 49.1 +7.7
Conservative Conal Gregory 25,183 39.2 -2.4
Liberal Democrat Mrs Karen J. Anderson 6,811 10.6 -5.3
Green Stephen N. Kenwright 594 0.9 -0.1
Natural Law Mrs Pamela S. Orr 54 0.1 +0.1
Majority 6,342 9.9 +9.6
Turnout 81.0 +2.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Conal Gregory 25,880 41.64
Labour Hugh Bayley 25,733 41.41
Social Democrat Vince Cable 9,898 15.93
Green A.D. Dunnett 637 1.02
Majority 147 0.24
Turnout 78.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Conal Gregory 24,309 41.31
Labour Alex Lyon 20,662 35.11
Social Democrat Vince Cable 13,523 22.98
Independent Anthony J. Lister 204 0.35
BNP Thomas G. Brattan 148 0.25
Majority 3,647 6.20
Turnout 75.14
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alex Lyon 26,703 44.73
Conservative E.D.M. Tod 25,453 42.64
Liberal M. Pemberton 6,752 11.31
Christian Stop Abortion F.C.J. Radcliffe 569 0.95
National Front P.A. Spink 221 0.37
Majority 1,250 2.09
Turnout 77.70
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alex Lyon 26,983 46.42
Conservative J.G.B. Watson 23,294 40.08
Liberal E. Graham 7,370 12.68
More Prosperous Britain H. Smith 304 0.52
Protest Party H.L. Stratton 171 0.29
Majority 3,689 6.35
Turnout 75.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alex Lyon 25,674 40.55
Conservative J.G.B. Watson 24,843 39.24
Liberal S.F. Galloway 12,793 20.21
Majority 831 1.31
Turnout 82.75
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alex Lyon 29,619 51.93
Conservative B. Askew 27,422 48.07
Majority 2,197 3.85
Turnout 76.25
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alex Lyon 32,167 55.24
Conservative Charles Longbottom 26,067 44.76
Majority 6,100 10.47
Turnout 82.68
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Longbottom 26,521 44.56
Labour Alex Lyon 25,428 42.73
Liberal D.T. Lloyd 7,565 12.71
Majority 1,093 1.84
Turnout 82.98
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Longbottom 33,099 53.28
Labour D.R.L.M. Poirier 29,025 46.72
Majority 4,074 6.56
Turnout 84.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Harry Hylton-Foster 31,402 50.89
Labour T.E.M. McKitterick 30,298 49.11
Majority 1,104 1.79
Turnout 83.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Harry Hylton-Foster 32,777 50.71
Labour T.C. Skeffington-Lodge 31,856 49.29
Majority 921 1.42
Turnout 86.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Harry Hylton-Foster 29,421 46.31
Labour H. Davies 29,344 46.19
Liberal H.S. Clay 4,760 7.49
Majority 77 0.12
Turnout 87.59
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Corlett 22,021 49.85
Conservative Lord Irwin 17,949 40.63
Liberal G.H. Keighley-Bell 4,208 9.53
Majority 4,072 9.22
Turnout 76.23
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

York by-election 1937
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Ingram Courtenay Wood 22,045
Labour John Dugdale 17,986
Majority 4,059
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Lumley 25,442 57.03
Labour R. Fraser 19,168 42.97
Majority 6,274 14.06
Turnout 82.50
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931:York
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Lumley 30,216 64.94
Labour Frederick George Burgess 16,310 35.06
Majority 13,906 29.89
Turnout 85.98
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies", BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky, 1995, p. 268.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb History and Antiquities of the city of York. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "BOWES, William (d.1439), of York". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "RUSSELL, Richard I (d.1435), of York.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "RUSSELL, Richard I (d.1435), of York.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "ORMSHEAD, William (d.1437), of York.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "ORMSHEAD, William (d.1437), of York.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "NELSON, William (by 1462-1525), of York and Riccall, Yorks.". History of Parliament. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "Y" [self-published source][better source needed]
  13. ^ Thompson died in 1683, but no election had been held to fill the vacancy before a new Parliament was summoned in 1685
  14. ^ Changed his name to George Fox-Lane during the 1747-1754 Parliament
  15. ^ Created a baronet as Sir Charles Turner, May 1782
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.