Citytrain

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Citytrain
QRPassenger Suburban Multiple Unit 265.JPG
Overview
Owner Queensland Rail
Locale South East Queensland
Transit type Commuter Rail
Number of lines 12
Number of stations 146
Daily ridership 150,500 approx[1]
Annual ridership 55,000,000[1]
Chief executive Paul Scurrah
Headquarters Brisbane, Queensland
Website www.queenslandrail.com.au
Operation
Operator(s) Queensland Rail
Number of vehicles 205
Technical
System length 689 km (428 mi)
Track gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Electrification Overhead lines

Citytrain is the brand name of urban, suburban and inter-urban electric passenger railway services in South East Queensland, Australia. Its network, centring in Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, is approximately 689 km (428 mi) in route length.[2] Corporately, Citytrain is a part of Queensland Rail

History[edit]

Main article: Railways in Brisbane

The first railway in Queensland did not actually run to Brisbane, but ran from Ipswich to Grandchester. Opened in July 1865,[3] the line into Brisbane was not completed until the opening of the Albert Bridge in July 1875.[4]

A start on electrification of the suburban network was approved in 1950 but a change of state government in 1957 saw the scheme abandoned in 1959.[5] It was not until the 1970s that electrification was again brought up, with contracts let in 1975.[6] The first part of the new electric system, the Darra - Ferny Grove line, was opened to the public on 17 November 1979.[7][8] The network was completed by 1988, with a number of extensions made since and additional rolling stock purchased. Services were initially operated under the Queensland Rail brand, with the Citytrain name established in the 1990s.

Network[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Rail network in South East Queensland.

Citytrain operates ten suburban lines and three interurban lines. Centering in the Brisbane City, it extends as far as Gympie in the north, Varsity Lakes in the south, Rosewood in the west, and Cleveland in the east to Moreton Bay.[9]

Urban[edit]

Services that connect Metropolitan Brisbane to the Brisbane CBD. These are all-stop services with most lines having express services during on-peak times (except Doomben line).

Line Colour and Name Line Description
Tl-line-gradient-yellow.png
Airport line Airtrain service which links the Brisbane CBD to the International and Domestic terminals of the Brisbane Airport.
Tl-line-gradient-red.png
Beenleigh line Southern railway line that runs through Brisbane's southern suburbs and through Logan to Beenleigh.
Tl-line-gradient-green.png
Caboolture line Northern railway line which runs through Brisbane's northern suburbs then through the Moreton Bay Region to Caboolture.
Tl-line-gradient-purple.png
Cleveland line Eastern railway line that runs through Brisbane's Eastern Suburbs and then continues through Redland's Northern suburbs towards the suburb of Cleveland.
Tl-line-gradient-purple.png
Doomben line Eastern railway line that runs to the suburb of Ascot, as well as the Eagle Farm Racecourse and Doomben Racecourse.
Tl-line-gradient-white.png
Exhibition line Special-purpose railway line used mainly for the Royal Queensland Show and occasionally for other special events. This line branches off after Fortitude Valley and continues to the Brisbane Exhibition Ground. It then loops back to Roma Street station.
Tl-line-gradient-red.png
Ferny Grove line North-West railway line that runs to the suburbs of Mitchelton and Ferny Grove.
Tl-line-gradient-green.png
Ipswich/Rosewood line South-West rail line that runs to Ipswich and then continues west to the town of Rosewood.
Tl-line-gradient-green.png
Springfield line Branches off from the Ipswich/Rosewood line after Darra and then continues alongside the Centenary Motorway towards the suburb of Richlands. Next stage the line will be extended to Springfield and Springfield Central.
Tl-line-gradient-blue.png
Shorncliffe line 20km rail line that runs North-East from the Brisbane CBD to the suburbs of Sandgate and Shorncliffe on the Moreton Bay.

Interurban[edit]

Express services which stop only at major stations linking the Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast and Gympie with Brisbane. The trains used on these lines typically more designed for long distance travel with more comfortable seating, luggage racks and onboard toilet facilities.

Line Colour and Name Line Description
Tl-line-gradient-yellow.png
Gold Coast line Continues south from the Beenleigh line to its terminus at Varsity Lakes on the Gold Coast.
Tl-line-gradient-green.png
Sunshine Coast line Continues North from the Caboolture line through the Sunshine Coast hinterland to Nambour and Gympie.

RailBus[edit]

RailBus is bus services supplementing or replacing low patronage railway lines at certain times of the day.

Fleet[edit]

All of Citytrain's rolling stock is electric, air-conditioned, were constructed locally in Maryborough, and are no older than thirty-five years:

SMU 265 at Nambour Station

All trains are electric multiple units with a driver cabin at both ends, with the exception of EM60 through to EM79 having a cab at one end. These units also have only 3 powered bogies (per 3 car set) compared to the 4 powered bogie arrangement for the remaining EMUs. All EMU, SMU and IMU units consist of 3 cars, giving a fleet total of 621 cars, plus the 20 ICE cars. The ICE sets are usually configured as four, five or six car trains.

Due to increasing patronage, suburban trains may be scheduled on interurban lines. The Sunshine Coast line occasionally requires the use of suburban rolling stock on some services, substituting for an ICE or IMU set. The Gold Coast line, predominately serviced by IMU trains, is less likely to have services operated by suburban sets. While using suburban trains on interurban lines increases operational flexibility, the trains are not provided with the facilities of the IMU or ICE sets, such as toilets or high-backed seats.

As of 28 October 2012, 64 trains in the South East Queensland fleet have free Wi-Fi installed.[18] It is planned for Wi-Fi internet access to be installed in older units as they are upgraded. The Wi-Fi usage is limited to 20MB.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City network". Queenslandrail.com.au. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  2. ^ QR Network Access (22 March 2002). "Brisbane Metropolitan System Information Pack" (PDF). QR Limited. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 
  3. ^ "QR Corporate - QR History - Beginnings". www.corporate.qr.com.au. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  4. ^ "QR Corporate - QR History - Building to the bush". www.corporate.qr.com.au. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  5. ^ Geoffrey B. Churchman (1995). Railway Electrification in Australia and New Zealand. IPL Books. p. 131. ISBN 0-646-06893-8. 
  6. ^ Geoffrey B. Churchman (1995). Railway Electrification in Australia and New Zealand. IPL Books. p. 132. ISBN 0-646-06893-8. 
  7. ^ "QR Corporate - Modern competitive railway". www.corporate.qr.com.au. Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  8. ^ Brisbane Rail Electrification Stages 1 and 2 Armstrong, J Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, August 1982 pp165-192
  9. ^ "QR Citytrain Network Map". Retrieved 25 March 2010. 
  10. ^ October 2012 "Fleet - Electric Multiple Unit". 
  11. ^ "Fleet - Suburban Multiple Unit 200 Series". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "Fleet - Suburban Multiple Unit 220 Series". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  13. ^ October 20120 "Fleet - Suburban Multiple Unit 260 Series". 
  14. ^ October 2012 "Fleet - Interurban Multiple Unit 100 Series". 
  15. ^ "Citytrain fleet - Interurban Multiple Unit 120 Series". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  16. ^ "Citytrain fleet - Interurban Multiple Units 160 Series". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  17. ^ "Fleet - InterCity Express". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  18. ^ "QUEENSLAND RAIL COMPLETES ROLL-OUT OF WIFI TRAINS". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Transport Priority in State Budget 2008-09" (PDF). SEQIPRail. QLD Treasury Department. 3 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 

External links[edit]