Ciuc County

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Județul Ciuc
County (Județ)
Coat of arms of Județul Ciuc
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Ciuc.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Transylvania
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Miercurea Ciuc
Established 1925
Ceased to exist Administrative and Constitutional Reform in 1938
Area
 • Land 4,993 km2 (1,928 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 146,584
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ciuc County was a county (Romanian: județ) in the Kingdom of Romania. Its capital was Miercurea Ciuc. Its name was derived from the former county of the Kingdom of Hungary, Csík.

Geography[edit]

Ciuc County covered 4,993 km2 and was located in central part of Greater Romania, in Transylvania. Currently, the territory that comprised Ciuc County is now part of Harghita County. In the interwar period, the county neighbored Odorhei County to the west, Mureș County to the north, Neamț County and Bacău County to the east, and Trei Scaune County to the south.

Administrative organization[edit]

Administratively, Ciuc County was divided into four districts (plăși):

  1. Centrală
  2. Frumoasa
  3. Gheorgheni
  4. Sân-Mărtin

Later the Tulgheș district was created.

Population[edit]

According to the Romanian census of 1930 the population of Ciuc County was 145,806, of which 82.7% were ethnic Hungarians, 14.4% ethnic Romanians, and 1.6% Jews. Classified by religion: 81.3% were Roman Catholic, 13.8% Greek-Catholic, 1.7% Jewish, 1.9% Reformed (Calivinist), and 1.3% Orthodox Christian.

Urbanization[edit]

In 1930 the urban population of Ciuc County was 15,162, which included 83.8% Hungarians, 8.1% Romanians, and 5.6% Jews by ethnicity. The religious mix of the urban population was 78.9% Roman Catholic, 5.9% Jewish, 4.5% Greek-Catholic, 4.2% Reformed, 4.0% Eastern Orthodox, and 1.2% Armenian Catholic.

External links[edit]