Ciudad Bolívar (Bogotá)
While most Ciudad Bolivar's area is rural, its urban portion includes one of the world's largest mega-slums. Its urban area concentrates the poorest population in Bogotá and is known for its rampant levels of violence due to a large activity of gangs, mafia, and at times FARC, one of the national terrorist groups of Colombia.
The locality of Ciudad Bolívar is 90% mountainous and has a total area of 229.14 square kilometres, of which 20.88 km² is urban and making it the 7th largest locality of Bogota. The locality is located in the southwestern area of the urban area of Bogota, bordering to the north with the locality of Bosa, Kennedy and Tunjuelito by the tunjuelito River and the Autopista Sur. To the west it borders the municipalities of Soacha, Sibaté and Pasca, to the south borders with the locality of Sumapaz, to the east with the localities of Tunjuelito and Usme. It is situated at 5007 m in altitude.
There are very few neighborhoods with access to main roads besides the Avenida Ciudad de Villavicencio which crosses the locality from north to east in a diagonal. The Avenida Boyacá is the main road for the neighborhoods located on the mountainous eastern side of the locality and the Avenida Jorge Gaitán Cortés which serves the neighborhoods of the southeastern part.
During the 1950s the area was formed by haciendas which were fractioned as a process of urbanization due to its proximity to the exploding Bogota's urban development. The first neighborhoods were Meissen, San Francisco, Buenos Aires, Lucero Bajo and La María which were populated by low income people mainly immigrants from the neighboring Departments of Tolima, Boyacá. The rapid population growth in the area reached in the 1970s some 50,000 inhabitants.
A second urbanization stage started in the 1980s with settlements on the higher parts of the hills like the neighborhoods of Naciones Unidas, Cordillera, Alpes, Juan José Rondón, Juan Pablo II and others. The Inter-American Development Bank also helped to develop the neighborhoods of Sierra Morena, Arborizadora Alta and Baja for low-income families which in less than 20 years generated areas of concentration.
Since 1983 the Council of Bogotá designed the Ciudad Bolívar Plan which was designed to planify the area's development. On September 14, 1983, the Minor City hall of Ciudad Bolívar was created.
With the Colombian Constitution of 1991 Bogotá's Special District is changed to a Capital District and Ciudad Bolivar became a locality with its own Local City hall and Local Administrative Junta (Council) with 11 councilmen.
Neighborhoods and veredas
Some of the most known neighborhoods are: La Estrella, El Paraíso, Lucero Alto, San Joaquín, Sierra Morena, San Francisco, Perdomo, Madelena, La Isla, Alto de La Cruz, Minuto de María and Francisco Pizarro.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ciudad Bolívar (Bogotá).|
- National University of Colombia; Ciudad Bolívar
- Bogota official website
- lopublico.com - Ciudad Bolivar