Ciudad Vieja

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This article is about a municipality in Guatemala. For the area of Montevideo, see Ciudad Vieja (Montevideo).
Ciudad Vieja
Municipality and town
Facade of the church of Ciudad Vieja
Facade of the church of Ciudad Vieja
Ciudad Vieja is located in Guatemala
Ciudad Vieja
Ciudad Vieja
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°31′24″N 90°46′0″W / 14.52333°N 90.76667°W / 14.52333; -90.76667Coordinates: 14°31′24″N 90°46′0″W / 14.52333°N 90.76667°W / 14.52333; -90.76667
Country  Guatemala
Department Sacatepéquez
Population (2002)
 • Total 25,696
Time zone Central Time (UTC-6)

Ciudad Vieja (Spanish pronunciation: [sjuˈðað ˈβjexa]) is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Sacatepéquez. According to the 2002 Guatemalan Census, the municipality has a total of 25,696 people.

Ciudad Vieja was the second colonial capital of the country.

History[edit]

Main article: Guatemala § Colonial

Jorge de Alvarado founded the second capital here for the Captaincy General of Guatemala in 1527.[1]

San Miguel Escobar[edit]

San Miguel Escobar is the modern name for the district that contains the ruins of the second colonial capital of the Guatemala region. The Spaniards founded their capital here in 1527, after their previous capital at Tecpán Guatemala became untenable. The city was destroyed by a catastrophic lahar from Volcan de Agua in 1541, and the survivors had no choice but to abandon the site.[1] Among the casualties was the governor Beatriz de la Cueva.[2]

The capital was again refounded several miles away at Antigua Guatemala in 1543.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Santos, Bairon. "Municipio de Ciudad Vieja". La Tierra. Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Conquered Conquistadors", Florine G.L. Asselbergs, First Edition, published 2004