Ciumești

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Ciumeşti
Csomaköz
Commune
Dégenfeld Castle
Dégenfeld Castle
Country  Romania
County Satu Mare County
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ciumeşti (Hungarian: Csomaköz, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtʃomɒkøz]) is a commune located in Satu Mare County, Romania.

Composition[edit]

The commune is composed of three villages that were separated from Sanislău in 2004:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Berea Bere
Ciumeşti Csomaköz
Viişoara Ponyváspuszta

History[edit]

Bronze and Iron Age[edit]

Human settlements dating from the bronze age have been found in the area, and during the 1960s, 35 Celtic graves were discovered, including the Helmet of Ciumeşti.[1]

Helmet of Ciumeşti[edit]

Main article: Helmet of Ciumeşti
The Celtic Helmet of Ciumeşti, an Iron Age raven totem helmet, dated around 4th century BC. A similar helmet is depicted on the Gundestrup cauldron, being worn by one of the mounted warriors (detail tagged here [2]). See also an illustration of Brennos wearing a similar helmet.

Modern times[edit]

Before the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, the villages belonged to Szatmár County of the Kingdom of Hungary. Until 2004, they belonged to Sanislău Commune, when they were split off to form Ciumeşti Commune.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 47°39′N 22°20′E / 47.650°N 22.333°E / 47.650; 22.333