Civil and Military Gazette

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The Civil and Military Gazette
Type Daily newspaper
Publisher E.A. Smedley
Founded 1872 (1872)
Ceased publication August 31, 1963
Headquarters Lahore, British India (later Pakistan)

The Civil and Military Gazette was a daily English language newspaper founded in 1872 in British India. It was published from Lahore, Simla and Karachi, some times simultaneously, until its closure in 1963.[1]

History[edit]

The Civil and Military Gazette
(Lahore)
Type Daily newspaper
Editor
Associate editor Rudyard Kipling (1882-1887)
Founded 1872 (1872)
Ceased publication September 13, 1963
Headquarters Lahore, British India (later Pakistan)
The Civil and Military Gazette
(Simla)
Type Daily newspaper
Founded 1872 (1872)
Ceased publication February 12, 1949
Headquarters Simla, British India (later India)
The Civil and Military Gazette
(Karachi)
Type Daily newspaper
Founded February 3, 1949 (1949-02-03)
Ceased publication March 31, 1953
Headquarters Karachi, British India (later Pakistan)

The Civil and Military Gazette was founded in Lahore and Simla in 1872. It was a merger of The Mofussilite in Calcutta, and the Lahore Chonicle and Indian Public Opinion and Panjab Times in Lahore.[1][2] The Lahore and Simla editions of the paper continued to be published concurrently until 1949, when the Simla branch was closed.

The Civil and Military Gazette began publishing in Karachi a week before its branch in Simla closed. However, the CMG in Karachi was very short lived, the publication lasting a mere 4 years.

During the CMG's publication in Lahore, Simla, and Karachi, the frequency of publication changed thrice as follows:

Date changed Until Frequency of Publication Branches affected
January 2, 1929 November 14, 1932 Daily (except Tuesday) Lahore, Simla
November 15, 1932 December 27, 1932 Daily Lahore, Simla
June 1, 1945 October 24, 1949 Daily (except Monday) Lahore, Karachi

Notable staff members[edit]

Rudyard Kipling[edit]

The Civil and Military Gazette is possibly most notable for being the workplace of renowned British author and poet, Rudyard Kipling. It was referred to by Kipling as his "mistress and most true love."[3]

Kipling was assistant editor of the CMG, a job procured for him by his father, who was curator of the Lahore Museum ,[4] when it was decided that he lacked the academic ability to get into Oxford University on a scholarship.[5]

When Kipling joined the staff at the Lahore CMG in 1882, the editor-in-chief was Stephen Wheeler. 1886 brought a change of editors at the newspaper. Kay Robinson, the new editor, allowed more creative freedom and Kipling was asked to contribute short stories to the newspaper.[6] His first collection of short stories, Plain Tales from the Hills, contained 28 stories that had initially found publication in the CMG.[7]

Rudyard Kipling eventually left the Civil and Military Gazette in 1887, to move to its sister-newspaper in Allahabad, The Pioneer.[4]

Mahbub Jamal Zahedi[edit]

Mahbub Jamal Zahedi joined the Civil and Military Gazette in 1963, at a time when its last branch, situated in Lahore, was about to cease publication. He served there for only a few months, before he moved to Dawn in Karachi.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Asiamap: Archives, Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  2. ^ Indian English through newspapers: By Asima Ranjan Parhi, Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  3. ^ Kipling, Rudyard (1935). "Something of myself". public domain. Retrieved 2008-09-06. also: 1935/1990. Something of myself and other autobiographical writings. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-40584-X.
  4. ^ a b Vicyorianweb.Org: Ruyard Kipling Chronology, Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  5. ^ Carpenter, Henry and Mari Prichard. 1984. Oxford Companion to Children's Literature. pp. 296–297. ISBN 0-19-860228-6
  6. ^ Rutherford, Andrew (1987). Introduction to the Oxford World's Classics edition of "Plain Tales from the Hills", by Rudyard Kipling. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-281652-7
  7. ^ Carpenter, H. and M. Prichard. 1984. The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature, Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York. ISBN 0-19-860228-6
  8. ^ MJ Zahedi no more The Daily Star 26 December 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2010