Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh
|Purpose||National Civil Aviation Regulatory Body|
|Air Vice Marshal Mahmud Hussain, ndc, psc|
Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh (Bengali: বেসামরিক বিমান চলাচল কর্তৃপক্ষ) functions as the regulatory body for all aviation related activities in Bangladesh. It is also the aeronautical service provider and is responsible for safe, expeditious and efficient flow of air traffic within the Flight Information Region (FIR) bounded by the International geographic boundary of Bangladesh. This organization is the custodian of all airfields and allied facilities including air navigation facilities.
Aviation activities in independent Bangladesh started in the last week of December 1971. Over the years the infrastructure and facilities were developed. At present, aviation activities are being carried out from 3 international and 7 domestic airports, about 17 air lines are now operating in and out of the country; about 43 States signed bilateral agreements with Bangladesh.
- 1 Functions
- 2 History
- 3 Airports in Bangladesh
- 4 Airlines in Bangladesh
- 5 References
- 6 External links
CAAB is a Public Service Enterprise and a Regulatory Body. As a Regulatory Body it implements the rules, regulations and directives of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the standards and recommendations thereon of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). As per provisions laid down in Civil Aviation Ordinance 1960 and Civil Aviation Rules 1984, this organization acts as the Aeronautical Authority of Bangladesh and discharges the duties and responsibilities as laid down by ICAO.
Flight Safety & Regulations
1. Registration of aircraft: CAAB maintains register for all Bangladesh aircraft. Such registration is a prerequisite for a Bangladesh aircraft to start operations.
2. Certification of Air-worthiness: In order to ensure flight safety, airworthiness of aircraft must be ensured first. An aircraft can be regarded as airworthy if it and its components conform with design standards, are of approved type and are in sound operational condition. CAAB regularly inspects the aircraft registered in Bangladesh and issues/renews certificate of airworthiness for the worthy aircraft, and suspends/cancels such certificate of unworthy ones. Without such certificate no aircraft should attempt to fly. In relation to such certification, CAAB also continuously monitors all maintenance activities with Bangladesh aircraft, approves certificate for aircraft type and certificate for maintenance establishments, issues directions regarding maintenance, approves design modification, repair and replacement of any component.
3. Personnel Licensing: Each personnel responsible for flight operations on board – pilot, navigator, flight engineer, flight instructor, air traffic controller etc. – and aircraft maintenance engineer on ground should have appropriate license proving his ability and skill before he engages himself in respective job. CAAB tests and issues/renews licenses to the successful applicants. No member of the aircrew and no maintenance engineer should engage in flying operations and participate in maintenance works respectively without such license.
4. Bi-lateral Agreements: CAAB examines documents submitted by other countries in regard to bilateral Air Services Agreements, negotiations and prepares brief for the Government. Any foreign airline intending to operate scheduled flights in the country must be designated pursuant to such Government level agreements.
5. Air Transport Service Authorization: CAAB issues/cancels license for Bangladeshi enterprises of air transport services, and approves, revises if required, tariff including fares, rates, charges, commissions, and terms and conditions associated with their business.
Air Traffic Services
1. CAAB provides air traffic control service to each aircraft flying in the national airspace and moving on maneuvering areas of Bangladesh aerodromes in order to prevent collisions, and to maintain expedite and orderly flow of air traffic.
2. CAAB establishes air routes, and flying, approaching and landing procedures for each route and aerodrome belonging to the country.
3. CAAB makes all necessary arrangements for search and rescue operations in case of accident or missing of any aircraft, and conducts investigations against accidents and unwanted incidents related to aircraft.
CAAB makes provisions for facilities and services for aeronautical telecommunications and air navigation in order to ensure safety, regularity and efficiency of aircraft operation.
Airport and Anti-Hijack Security
CAAB makes all necessary arrangements in order to ensure security to passengers and aerodromes, and to detect, prevent penetration of terrorist activists on board from within national territory.
Facilitation of Passengers
CAAB makes all necessary arrangements to establish and maintain all passenger services and facilities at the terminal of Bangladesh airports. Arrangements for facilities, such as flight information, public address, entertainments, comfortable room and environment for passengers and their attendants are all accomplished by CAAB.
Construction and Maintenance of Airports
1. CAAB constructs, maintains and develops airports, aerodromes whenever and wherever are required in order to expand the aviation infrastructure and air transportation network in the country.
2. CAAB also provides operational accommodation to other organizations and agencies like airlines, Customs, Immigration, Meteorology, Health, Police etc. at the airports.
1. CAAB studies, evaluates and plans for development of the aviation infrastructure within the country considering necessity and budget. It also maintains liaison with regional partners and ICAO in relation to future development programs masterminded by ICAO.
2. CAAB takes all necessary steps for training of its operational officers and employees both in country and abroad. It has already established the Civil Aviation Training Centre at Dhaka.
In the year 1985, the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh formed Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh (CAAB) vide Ordinance No. XXXVIII of 1985, titled The Civil Aviation Authority Ordinance, 1985.
Department of Civil Aviation (DCA)
In the year 1947, Department of Civil Aviation of Pakistan was formed. This department had been doing management and operations of civil aviation in this portion of the country named East Pakistan till 1971. After the liberation war of 1971, Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) started its journey almost from scratch. Because during the nine-month long bloody war for independence the aviation infrastructure was badly damaged due to bombardments by Allied Forces over the main airports in order to disable Pakistan Forces. DCA of Bangladesh inherited the assets and property left over by the erstwhile DCA of the Pakistan. Aviation activities in independent Bangladesh started in the last week of December, 1971 under the Ministry of Defence.
Airports Development Agency (ADA)
There was another organization, a limited company named Airports Development Agency (ADA), that was working from Pakistan period. It was formed in the year 1965 and its functions were to construct aerodromes and airports, and to perform all required electrical and mechanical engineering works for DCA. It was essentially an engineering organization in nature.
1982: DCA and ADA merged into a Civil Aviation Authority
In the year 1982, the DCA and the ADA were merged together to form a compact organization and was named as Civil Aviation Authority vide Ordinance No. XXVII of 1982 titled the Civil Aviation Authority Ordinance, 1982 promulgated by the Government. This Authority was vested with more power regarding organizational management, but the Government reserved the power regarding financial management. This arrangement did not serve the purpose well.
1985: Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh
In the year 1985, the present Civil Aviation Authority came into existence as a body corporate with full managerial power, both regarding organizational and financial, vested with it vide Ordinance, 1985. This ordinance repealed the Ordinance, 82 and dissolved the previously constituted Civil Aviation Authority transferring all its establishment, assets and liabilities to the new Authority. 
Airports in Bangladesh
Airlines in Bangladesh
- Biman Bangladesh Airlines (National flag carrier)
- United Airways
- Regent Airways
- US-Bangla Airlins Ltd.
- Poor response to open sky policy. The Daily Star. 2007-10-18.
- Mahmud takes over as CAAB chief. The Daily Star. 2010-05-18
- 7th boarding bridge inaugurated at Hazrat Shah Jalal Inter-national Airport. Bangladesh Monitor
- FAA signs agreement for Cooperation on Civil Aviation Safety with CAAB. US Embassy Press release
- Air Cdre Mahmud made COSCAP South Asia chairman. News Today. 2011-04-14