Civil and Public Services Association
|Full name||Civil and Public Services Association|
|Merged with PTC into||Public and Commercial Services Union|
|Office location||160 Falcon Road, London, SW11 2LN, England|
The union was founded in 1921, when the Civil Service Clerical Union and the Clerical Officers' Association merged to form the Civil Service Clerical Association. It affiliated with the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and the Labour Party and had around 16,000 members. Its Dublin branch left the following year, to form the Civil and Public Services Union.
Following the 1926 United Kingdom general strike, the Trade Disputes and Trade Unions Act 1927 was passed, requiring government employees to disaffiliate from political parties and trades union confederations, compelling the union to leave the Labour Party and the TUC. It rejoined the TUC in 1946.
In 1969, the union renamed itself as the "Civil and Public Services Association". In 1973, the Ministry of Labour Staff Association joined the CPSA, while in 1974 the Court Officers Association joined.
In 1980, the CPSA published a history of its first 75 years, entitled "From Humble Petition to Militant Action". 
1986 General Secretary Election Controversy
In the elections, Militant tendency supporter John Macreadie initially won the ballot. However, the election was blocked and the courts ordered it to be re-run, with John Ellis receiving 42,000 votes, Macreadie receiving 31,000, and the Broad Left 84, backed by the Communist Party gaining 13,000.
- 1921: William Brown
- 1942: Len White
- 1955: George F. Green
- 1963: L. A. Wines
- 1967: Bill Kendall
- 1976: Ken Thomas
- 1982: Alistair Graham
- 1986: John Ellis
- 1992: Barry Reamsbottom
- "Archive Catalogues: Civil and Public Services Association (CPSA), earlier the Civil Service Clerical Association (CSCA)". University of Warwick. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Smethurst, John B.; Carter, Peter (June 2009). Historical Directory of Trade Unions. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing. p. 368. ISBN 9780754666837. LCCN 80-151653.
- Wigham, Eric (1980). From Humble Petition to Militant Action. Civil and Public Services Association. ISBN 9780901411051.
- "Post Office Engineering Union Research Department 1887-1994". University of Warwick. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
- Taaffe, P. (30 November 1995). Rise of "Militant": Thirty Years of "Militant". Militant Publications. pp. 292–3. ISBN 978-0-906582-47-3.