Civil decorations of Pakistan

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Civil decorations of Pakistan
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Awarded for In recognition of gallantry, academic distinction or distinction in the fields of sports or nursing.
Country Pakistan
Presented by President of Pakistan
First awarded 1957

The Pakistan Civil Awards were established on March 19, 1957, following the proclamation of Pakistan as an independent republic on March 23, 1956. The announcement of civil awards is generally made once a year on Independence Day, August 14, and their investiture takes place on the following Pakistan Day, 23 March. According to the Article 259(2) of the Constitution of Pakistan 1973,[1] along with the Decorations Act 1975, the President of Pakistan confers civil awards on Pakistani citizens in recognition of gallantry. Also, there awards for Pride of Performance is conferred for outstanding achievements in the fields of art, literature, science, sports and nursing.[2] The Pride of Performance and the Orders of Bravery and Excellence are for Pakistani citizens only, but the remaining awards are open to all for eminence and outstanding services to Pakistan in a significant field of activity.

The Civil Awards comprise five orders,[2] each with four descending categories: Nishan (Order; Urdu: نشان‎), Hilal (Crescent; Urdu: ہلال‎), Sitara (Star; Urdu: ستارہ‎) and Tamgha (Medal; Urdu: تمغہ‎), as follows:[3]

Selection process[edit]

In December, ministries and their divisions are invited to recommend candidates to the Cabinet Division. Received nominations are considered by three awards committees after which final proposal is sent to the president for approval. After the approval of the president, the announcements are made on Independence Day and investiture takes place on Pakistan Day.[4]

Awards for foreign nationals[edit]

The President of Pakistan can confer awards to foreign nationals any time during the year. For such awards, proposals are made by Ministry of Foreign Affairs and approved by the president.

Order of civil decorations[edit]

Pakistan Civil Awards, instituted in 1958, comprise following five orders.[5]

The table below shows Pakistan's civil decorations in order of seniority.:[5]

Award sets In order of significance
Nishaan
(Symbol)
Nishan-e-Pakistan
Nishan-e-Shujaat
Nishan-e-Imtiaz
Nishan-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Nishan-e-Khidmat
Hilal
(Crescent)
Yellow Crescent, Symbol of Islam.png
Hilal-e-Pakistan
Hilal-e-Shujaat
Hilal-e-Imtiaz
Hilal-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Hilal-e-Khidmat
Sitara
(Star)
Star*.svg
Sitara-e-Pakistan
Sitara-e-Shujaat
Sitara-e-Imtiaz
Sitara-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Sitara-e-Khidmat
Tamgha
(Medal)
Gold medal blank.svg
Tamgha-e-Pakistan
Tamgha-e-Shujaat
Tamgha-e-Imtiaz
Tamgha-e-Quaid-i-Azam
Tamgha-e-Khidmat

References[edit]

External links[edit]