Civil parishes in Cumbria

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A map of Cumbria, showing the districts: (1) Barrow in Furness; (2) South Lakeland; (3) Copeland; (4) Allerdale; (5) Eden; and (6) Carlisle.

A civil parish in England is the lowest unit of local government. There are 282 civil parishes in the ceremonial county of Cumbria, with most of the county being parished, and Allerdale and South Lakeland being entirely parished. At the 2001 census, there were 319,904 people living in those 282 parishes, accounting for 65.6 per cent of the county's population.

The extent of modern Civil parishes are largely geographically based on historic Church of England parish boundaries, which were ecclesiastical divisions that had acquired civil administration powers managed by the Vestry committee.[1]

History[edit]

The Highways Act 1555 made parishes responsible for the upkeep of roads. Every adult inhabitant of the parish was obliged to work four days a year on the roads, providing their own tools, carts and horses; the work was overseen by an unpaid local appointee, the Surveyor of Highways.[2]

The poor were looked after by the monasteries, until their dissolution. In 1572, magistrates were given power to 'survey the poor' and impose taxes for their relief. This system was made more formal by the Poor Law Act 1601, which made parishes responsible for administering the Poor Law; overseers were appointed to charge a rate to support the poor of the parish.[3] The 19th century saw an increase in the responsibility of parishes, although the Poor Law powers were transferred to Poor Law Unions.[4] The Public Health Act 1872 grouped parishes into Rural Sanitary Districts, based on the Poor Law Unions; these subsequently formed the basis for Rural Districts.[5]

Parishes were run by vestries, meeting annually to appoint officials, and were generally identical to ecclesiastical parishes,[6] although some townships in large parishes administered the Poor Law themselves; under the Divided Parishes and Poor Law Amendment Act 1882, all extra-parochial areas and townships that levied a separate rate became independent civil parishes.[7]

Civil parishes in their modern sense date from the Local Government Act 1894, which abolished vestries; established elected parish councils in all rural parishes with more than 300 electors; grouped rural parishes into Rural Districts; and aligned parish boundaries with county and borough boundaries.[7] Urban civil parishes continued to exist, and were generally coterminous with the Urban District, Municipal Borough or County Borough in which they were situated; many large towns contained a number of parishes, and these were usually merged into one. Parish councils were not formed in urban areas, and the only function of the parish was to elect guardians to Poor Law Unions; with the abolition of the Poor Law system in 1930 the parishes had only a nominal existence.[8]

The Local Government Act 1972 retained civil parishes in rural areas, and many former Urban Districts and Municipal Boroughs that were being abolished, were replaced by new successor parishes; urban areas that were considered too large to be single parishes became unparished areas.[9]

The current position[edit]

Recent governments have encouraged the formation of town and parish councils in unparished areas, and the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 gave local residents the right to demand the creation of a new civil parish.[10]

A parish council can become a town council unilaterally, simply by resolution;[9] and a civil parish can also gain city status, but only if that is granted by the Crown.[9] The chairman of a town or city council is called a mayor.[9] The Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 introduced alternative names: a parish council can now choose to be called a community; village; or neighbourhood council.[11]

List of civil parishes and unparished areas[edit]

Image Name Status Population District Former local authority Refs
Sailing yachts at nichol end facing south into winter sun - geograph.org.uk - 77308.jpg Above Derwent Civil parish 1,207 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Aikton Church. - geograph.org.uk - 119914.jpg Aikton Civil parish 480 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Crossroads, Fletchertown. - geograph.org.uk - 66107.jpg Allhallows Civil parish 548 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
The Square, Allonby - geograph.org.uk - 598258.jpg Allonby Civil parish 462 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Cafe - geograph.org.uk - 425164.jpg Aspatria Town 2,718 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Landing stage, Scarness Bay, Bassenthwaite - geograph.org.uk - 366978.jpg Bassenthwaite Civil parish 412 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
The site of Caer Mote Roman Fort - geograph.org.uk - 1027725.jpg Bewaldeth and Snittlegarth Civil parish 40 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
What was the Sun Inn, Torpenhow - geograph.org.uk - 578469.jpg Blennerhasset and Torpenhow Civil parish 437 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Aikbank Mill - geograph.org.uk - 759346.jpg Blindbothel Civil parish 148 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Moota Inn and the old road. - geograph.org.uk - 80893.jpg Blindcrake Civil parish 287 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Old Chapel, Bolton Low Houses - geograph.org.uk - 522662.jpg Boltons Civil parish 585 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Surprise View, above Derwent Water - geograph.org.uk - 1872453.jpg Borrowdale Civil parish 438 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Wharrels Hill Wind Farm - geograph.org.uk - 1937674.jpg Bothel and Threapland Civil parish 438 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Haaf Net Fishermen, Solway Estuary - geograph.org.uk - 612827.jpg Bowness Civil parish 1,221 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
St Bridget's Church, Bridekirk - geograph.org.uk - 474490.jpg Bridekirk Civil parish 636 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Brigham Hill - the Mansions viewed from High Brigham - geograph.org.uk - 733339.jpg Brigham Civil parish 1,065 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
The church and pub, Bromfield - geograph.org.uk - 564918.jpg Bromfield Civil parish 530 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Broughton Evangelical Church - geograph.org.uk - 425884.jpg Broughton Community 1,727 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Public Footpath Broughton Moor - geograph.org.uk - 174308.jpg Broughton Moor Civil parish 726 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Buttermere - geograph.org.uk - 497309.jpg Buttermere Civil parish 127 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Streamside gardens in Caldbeck - geograph.org.uk - 549486.jpg Caldbeck Civil parish 714 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Camerton Hall. - geograph.org.uk - 81670.jpg Camerton Civil parish 172 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
The River Derwent. Cockermouth - geograph.org.uk - 5818.jpg Cockermouth Town 7,877 Allerdale Cockermouth
Urban District
[15]
[13]
Church of St John the Evangelist, Crosscanonby - geograph.org.uk - 45399.jpg Crosscanonby Civil parish 1,054 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Branthwaite Hall. - geograph.org.uk - 80423.jpg Dean Civil parish 1,077 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Entrance to St Mungo's Church - geograph.org.uk - 526827.jpg Dearham Civil parish 2,028 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Farmland - geograph.org.uk - 130922.jpg Dundraw Civil parish 167 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Unnamed farm on fellside. - geograph.org.uk - 80549.jpg Embleton Civil parish 297 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
The Parish Church of St Mary, Gilcrux, Gate - geograph.org.uk - 578492.jpg Gilcrux Civil parish 303 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Great Clifton - Old School.jpg Great Clifton Civil parish 1,101 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Overend Road, Greysouthen - geograph.org.uk - 554089.jpg Greysouthen Civil parish 508 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
View towards Allonby including Mealo House - geograph.org.uk - 45433.jpg Hayton and Mealo Civil parish 229 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
The River Waver, Abbeytown - geograph.org.uk - 901020.jpg Holme Abbey Civil parish 776 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Channel of River Wampool, Solway Estuary, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 72905.jpg Holme East Waver Civil parish 306 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Causewayhead - geograph.org.uk - 572004.jpg Holme Low Civil parish 373 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
St Cuthbert's Church, Holme St Cuthbert - geograph.org.uk - 1500334.jpg Holme St Cuthbert Civil parish 421 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
The Butter Cross, Ireby - geograph.org.uk - 1785169.jpg Ireby and Uldale Civil parish 428 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Crow Park lakeshore & landing stages on Derwent Water - geograph.org.uk - 838366.jpg Keswick Town 4,984 Allerdale Keswick
Urban District
[16]
[13]
Kirkbampton in Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 1945734.jpg Kirkbampton Civil parish 471 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
RiverWampool(SimonLedingham)Sep2004.jpg Kirkbride Civil parish 519 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Sycamore Garth - geograph.org.uk - 463839.jpg Little Clifton Civil parish 391 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Harrot. - geograph.org.uk - 98723.jpg Lorton Civil parish 250 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Looking across Loweswater to the well known outline of Mellbreak - geograph.org.uk - 1213119.jpg Loweswater Civil parish 209 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Fleming Square, Maryport - geograph.org.uk - 527439.jpg Maryport Town 11,275 Allerdale Maryport
Urban District
[17]
[13]
Ritson Row, Allerby - geograph.org.uk - 527628.jpg Oughterside and Allerby Civil parish 626 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Papcastle Village Hall - geograph.org.uk - 461349.jpg Papcastle Civil parish 406 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
St Cuthberts Church, Plumbland - geograph.org.uk - 424979.jpg Plumbland Civil parish 367 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Burrow Walls - geograph.org.uk - 567613.jpg Seaton Civil parish 4,861 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
River Caldew near Sebergham - geograph.org.uk - 96929.jpg Sebergham Civil parish 361 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Hewthwaite Hall, Setmurthy, Cumbria, - geograph.org.uk - 1801545.jpg Setmurthy Civil parish 108 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
The Green, Silloth, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 1118179.jpg Silloth on Solway Town 2,932 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Skinburness Marsh and the river Waver Channel. - geograph.org.uk - 146181.jpg Skinburness Marsh Common lands 0 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
[18]
Castlerigg Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1514388.jpg St John's Castlerigg and Wythburn Civil parish 407 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Footpath to Micklethwaite. - geograph.org.uk - 119420.jpg Thursby Civil parish 1,185 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Underskiddaw - Derwentwater.jpg Underskiddaw Civil parish 282 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Christ Church, Waverton - geograph.org.uk - 522632.jpg Waverton Civil parish 326 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Westnewton - geograph.org.uk - 425173.jpg Westnewton Civil parish 247 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
The Sun Inn in the Sun. - geograph.org.uk - 119310.jpg Westward Civil parish 814 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Wigton Cemetery - geograph.org.uk - 124564.jpg Wigton Town 5,360 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
East Town End Wind Farm. - geograph.org.uk - 96733.jpg Winscales Civil parish 186 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Kirkland Hall Farm. - geograph.org.uk - 119403.jpg Woodside Civil parish 516 Allerdale Wigton
Rural District
[14]
[13]
Wedding cars leaving St. Michael's Church - geograph.org.uk - 2095815.jpg Workington Town 24,295 Allerdale Workington
Municipal Borough
[19]
[13]
View from Sale Fell - geograph.org.uk - 314873.jpg Wythop Civil parish 51 Allerdale Cockermouth
Rural District
[12]
[13]
Buccleuch Dock - Sunrise - geograph.org.uk - 485789.jpg Barrow in Furness Unparished area 59,181 Barrow in Furness Barrow in Furness
County Borough
[20]
[21]
Furness Brick Company, Askam-in-Furness - geograph.org.uk - 411249.jpg Askam and Ireleth Civil parish 3,632 Barrow in Furness Dalton in Furness
Urban District
[22]
[23]
St Mary's Church, Dalton-in-Furness.jpg Dalton Town with Newton Town 8,394 Barrow in Furness Dalton in Furness
Urban District
[22]
[23]
Stone Column - geograph.org.uk - 1910227.jpg Lindal and Marton Civil parish 773 Barrow in Furness Dalton in Furness
Urban District
[22]
[23]
Longtown Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 1414065.jpg Arthuret Civil parish 2,434 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Askerton Castle1.jpg Askerton Civil parish 162 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Geese In the snow at Kirkandrews on Eden - geograph.org.uk - 1695163.jpg Beaumont Civil parish 447 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Sheep grazing in the grounds of Bewcastle - geograph.org.uk - 1874314.jpg Bewcastle Civil parish 411 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Hadrian statue, Brampton - geograph.org.uk - 1490358.jpg Brampton Civil parish 4,361 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
The King Edward I Monument, Burgh Marsh - geograph.org.uk - 858816.jpg Burgh by Sands Civil parish 1,143 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Lanercost Priory - geograph.org.uk - 789897.jpg Burtholme Civil parish 184 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Country Lane towards Hall's Tenement - geograph.org.uk - 1961978.jpg Carlatton Civil parish 29 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Carlisle's Citadel. - geograph.org.uk - 1870022.jpg Carlisle Unparished area 68,735 Carlisle Carlisle
County Borough
[26]
[27]
Turbine house at the water treatment works - geograph.org.uk - 1433249.jpg Castle Carrock Civil parish 309 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Village centre, Cummersdale - geograph.org.uk - 206468.jpg Cummersdale Civil parish 486 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Cumrew - geograph.org.uk - 378567.jpg Cumrew Civil parish 85 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
The Pheasant Inn - geograph.org.uk - 1237782.jpg Cumwhitton Civil parish 293 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Dalston church and lych gate - geograph.org.uk - 986835.jpg Dalston Civil parish 2,643 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Tarnhouse Rigg - geograph.org.uk - 1485436.jpg Farlam Civil parish 590 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Cottages at Toppin Castle Farm - geograph.org.uk - 1841133.jpg Hayton Civil parish 2,180 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Millgarth - geograph.org.uk - 431954.jpg Hethersgill Civil parish 382 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Solway Aviation Museum, Carlisle Airport, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50887.jpg Irthington Civil parish 712 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Growing Plastic - geograph.org.uk - 448501.jpg Kingmoor Civil parish 407 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Pasture near West Hall - geograph.org.uk - 822343.jpg Kingwater Civil parish 164 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Kirkandrews Tower, from the south side of the Border Esk - geograph.org.uk - 954576.jpg Kirkandrews Civil parish 447 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Hether Burn - geograph.org.uk - 1816093.jpg Kirklinton Middle Civil parish 369 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Stile by Cold Fell summit - geograph.org.uk - 1792262.jpg Midgeholme Civil parish 67 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
St. Cuthbert's Church, Nether Denton - geograph.org.uk - 1558949.jpg Nether Denton Civil parish 318 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
View over Liddesdale - geograph.org.uk - 900978.jpg Nicholforest Civil parish 386 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
The Wellington Inn, Great Orton - geograph.org.uk - 206151.jpg Orton Civil parish 383 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
The tidal River Eden at sunset - geograph.org.uk - 822205.jpg Rockcliffe Civil parish 733 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Scaleby Castle, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50853.jpg Scaleby Civil parish 349 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Disused lime kiln - geograph.org.uk - 577865.jpg Solport Civil parish 168 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Garlands - geograph.org.uk - 351527.jpg St Cuthbert Without Civil parish 2,043 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Haughton Hall - geograph.org.uk - 249385.jpg Stanwix Rural Civil parish 3,043 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
The Crossing Inn - geograph.org.uk - 394483.jpg Stapleton Civil parish 221 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Turret 48a (Willowford East) (3) - geograph.org.uk - 1370731.jpg Upper Denton Civil parish 92 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Walton Village Green as seen from St Mary's Church - geograph.org.uk - 1439010.jpg Walton Civil parish 278 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Hadrian's Wall at Birdoswald - geograph.org.uk - 552095.jpg Waterhead Civil parish 124 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Blackford Church in Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 2049606.jpg Westlinton Civil parish 359 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Killoran Hotel, Wetheral - geograph.org.uk - 124672.jpg Wetheral Civil parish 5,203 Carlisle Border
Rural District
[24]
[25]
Fence on High Park - geograph.org.uk - 1703038.jpg Arlecdon and Frizington Civil parish 3,678 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Beckermet St Bridget's Church - geograph.org.uk - 40989.jpg Beckermet Civil parish 2,310 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
[30]
My house (and St Michael's and All Angels Church!) - geograph.org.uk - 1012125.jpg Bootle Civil parish 745 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Wath Bridge, Lake District - geograph.org.uk - 30375.jpg Cleator Moor Town 6,939 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
The Castle, Common End - geograph.org.uk - 518622.jpg Distington Civil parish 2,247 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Cottages by the A595 at Holmrook - geograph.org.uk - 843034.jpg Drigg and Carleton Civil parish 450 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Egremont street - geograph.org.uk - 783120.jpg Egremont Town 7,444 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Ennerdale Water looking east - geograph.org.uk - 206349.jpg Ennerdale and Kinniside Civil parish 240 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Eskdale mill, Boot - geograph.org.uk - 370549.jpg Eskdale Civil parish 264 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Parish Church, Gosforth - geograph.org.uk - 48017.jpg Gosforth Civil parish 1,230 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Lambs to Safety - geograph.org.uk - 161798.jpg Haile Civil parish 237 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Mill place - geograph.org.uk - 457545.jpg Irton with Santon Civil parish 373 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
St Michael's Church, Lamplugh - geograph.org.uk - 1500525.jpg Lamplugh Civil parish 763 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Lowca Methodist Church - geograph.org.uk - 516879.jpg Lowca Civil parish 773 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Nethertown Railway Dwellings, Caravan Park and Sellafield - geograph.org.uk - 1067039.jpg Lowside Quarter Civil parish 379 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Fishing Boat - geograph.org.uk - 288503.jpg Millom Town 7,132 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Barn near gorse in full bloom - geograph.org.uk - 540529.jpg Millom Without Civil parish 1,638 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Wind Turbines Solway Firth - geograph.org.uk - 555363.jpg Moresby Civil parish 1,280 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Herons at Muncaster - geograph.org.uk - 1979871.jpg Muncaster Civil parish 335 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
St Bridget's, Moresby - geograph.org.uk - 47642.jpg Parton Civil parish 924 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Storm Clouds over Sellafield - geograph.org.uk - 330062.jpg Ponsonby Civil parish 92 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Sunset at Seascale - geograph.org.uk - 993258.jpg Seascale Civil parish 1,747 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
StBeesLighthouse.jpg St Bees Civil parish 1,717 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Ulpha Bridge over the Duddon, a popular stopping place - geograph.org.uk - 687091.jpg Ulpha Civil parish 159 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Churchyard, St John's Church - geograph.org.uk - 1828132.jpg Waberthwaite Civil parish 274 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Wast Water Screes - geograph.org.uk - 1531181.jpg Wasdale Civil parish 79 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
Keekle Viaduct. - geograph.org.uk - 96236.jpg Weddicar Civil parish 442 Copeland Ennerdale
Rural District
[28]
[29]
St Mary's Church, Whicham - geograph.org.uk - 541823.jpg Whicham Civil parish 395 Copeland Millom
Rural District
[31]
[29]
Whitehaven Co-op - geograph.org.uk - 470914.jpg Whitehaven Unparished area 25,032 Copeland Whitehaven
Municipal Borough
[32]
[33]
Croglin - geograph.org.uk - 252263.jpg Ainstable Civil parish 532 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Alston Market Cross - geograph.org.uk - 1750764.jpg Alston Moor Civil parish 2,156 Eden Alston with Garrigill
Rural District
[36]
[35]
Appleby Horse Fair.jpg Appleby in Westmorland Town 2,862 Eden Appleby
Municipal Borough
[37]
[35]
Reception Committee - geograph.org.uk - 162768.jpg Asby Civil parish 280 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Heltonhead - geograph.org.uk - 73004.jpg Askham Civil parish 360 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
St Patrick's Church Bampton Grange - geograph.org.uk - 1523762.jpg Bampton Civil parish 283 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Looking towards Ullswater from Pooley Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 87782.jpg Barton Civil parish 232 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Bolton - geograph.org.uk - 56186.jpg Bolton Civil parish 416 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Brough Castle - geograph.org.uk - 2042942.jpg Brough Civil parish 680 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Belahbridge House - geograph.org.uk - 888826.jpg Brough Sowerby Civil parish 127 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Brougham Castle - geograph.org.uk - 17714.jpg Brougham Civil parish 279 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Pasture, Hewer Hill - geograph.org.uk - 782718.jpg Castle Sowerby Civil parish 337 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Honey House. - geograph.org.uk - 143765.jpg Catterlen Civil parish 471 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
River Leith - geograph.org.uk - 113432.jpg Cliburn Civil parish 204 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
CliftonHall.jpg Clifton Civil parish 461 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
High Cup Nick with light dusting of snow - geograph.org.uk - 137670.jpg Colby Civil parish 120 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Barn at Crackenthorpe - geograph.org.uk - 136480.jpg Crackenthorpe Civil parish 77 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Smardale Viaduct - geograph.org.uk - 598862.jpg Crosby Garrett Civil parish 112 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Ford and Stepping Stones - geograph.org.uk - 376467.jpg Crosby Ravensworth Civil parish 538 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
All Saints Church, Culgaith - geograph.org.uk - 236991.jpg Culgaith Civil parish 721 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Dalemain - geograph.org.uk - 17764.jpg Dacre Civil parish 1,326 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Dufton Village Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1945926.jpg Dufton Civil parish 169 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Lacy's Caves - geograph.org.uk - 50101.jpg Glassonby Civil parish 314 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
St. Cuthbert's Church, Gt. Salkeld - geograph.org.uk - 620838.jpg Great Salkeld Civil parish 445 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Stile on a footpath to Melkinthorpe Wood - geograph.org.uk - 400646.jpg Great Strickland Civil parish 246 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Tranquil outskirts of Greystoke - geograph.org.uk - 56855.jpg Greystoke Civil parish 733 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Podgill Viaduct from the south - geograph.org.uk - 1412438.jpg Hartley Civil parish 133 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Fox Tower, Helbeck Wood, Brough, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 50513.jpg Helbeck Civil parish 19 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Avenue to Barrock Park - geograph.org.uk - 406144.jpg Hesket Civil parish 2,363 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Footbridge, Hoff Beck - geograph.org.uk - 1112461.jpg Hoff Civil parish 189 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Long Meg, Little Salkeld - geograph.org.uk - 280351.jpg Hunsonby Civil parish 383 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Pastoral view, Hutton - geograph.org.uk - 1039893.jpg Hutton Civil parish 326 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
The Green, Kaber - geograph.org.uk - 2214242.jpg Kaber Civil parish 89 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Methodist Chapel at King's Meaburn - geograph.org.uk - 74708.jpg King's Meaburn Civil parish 105 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Frank's Bridge Kirkby Stephen - geograph.org.uk - 673564.jpg Kirkby Stephen Civil parish 1,832 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Forester's Hall, Kirkby Thore - geograph.org.uk - 276288.jpg Kirkby Thore Civil parish 731 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Manor House, Kirkoswald - geograph.org.uk - 382438.jpg Kirkoswald Civil parish 870 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Langwathby Village Green - geograph.org.uk - 50149.jpg Langwathby Civil parish 748 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Railway Bridge, Lazonby - geograph.org.uk - 993191.jpg Lazonby Civil parish 980 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Edge of the wood near Sheriff Park - geograph.org.uk - 1160783.jpg Little Strickland Civil parish 66 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
The Institute, Long Marton - geograph.org.uk - 276388.jpg Long Marton Civil parish 704 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Lowther Park - geograph.org.uk - 635319.jpg Lowther Civil parish 402 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Outhgill - geograph.org.uk - 2100786.jpg Mallerstang Civil parish 87 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Ullswater from north of Howtown - geograph.org.uk - 1885721.jpg Martindale Civil parish 49 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Late afternoon view across Ullswater - geograph.org.uk - 670378.jpg Matterdale Civil parish 526 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Maypole, Milburn - geograph.org.uk - 290516.jpg Milburn Civil parish 171 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Ford at Morland - geograph.org.uk - 176855.jpg Morland Civil parish 380 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
The Mill Inn, Mungrisdale - geograph.org.uk - 905725.jpg Mungrisdale Civil parish 284 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Murton village street - geograph.org.uk - 303782.jpg Murton Civil parish 330 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Great Musgrave, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 7415.jpg Musgrave Civil parish 152 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
B6259, Nateby - geograph.org.uk - 1981952.jpg Nateby Civil parish 110 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Approach to Newbiggin Hall - geograph.org.uk - 290538.jpg Newbiggin Civil parish 96 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Main road through Newby - geograph.org.uk - 175682.jpg Newby Civil parish 164 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Cedar of Lebanon - geograph.org.uk - 448442.jpg Ormside Civil parish 133 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Waverley Temperance Hotel - geograph.org.uk - 1995771.jpg Orton Civil parish 594 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Travellers' Recreation on A686 - geograph.org.uk - 238094.jpg Ousby Civil parish 362 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
View of Glenridding - geograph.org.uk - 185098.jpg Patterdale Civil parish 460 Eden Lakes
Urban District
[39]
[35]
Penrith Castle - geograph.org.uk - 803384.jpg Penrith Unparished area 14,756 Eden Penrith
Urban District
[40]
[41]
St Oswald's Church, Ravenstonedale - geograph.org.uk - 1997657.jpg Ravenstonedale Civil parish 570 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
St Michaels Church, Shap with Swindale, Interior - geograph.org.uk - 550023.jpg Shap Civil parish 1,221 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Shap Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 1436301.jpg Shap Rural Civil parish 119 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Sculpture at High Head Farm Sculpture Valley - geograph.org.uk - 2128845.jpg Skelton Civil parish 1,059 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Main street Sleagill - geograph.org.uk - 204652.jpg Sleagill Civil parish 100 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Sockbridge - geograph.org.uk - 1718739.jpg Sockbridge and Tirril Civil parish 397 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Scandal Beck near to Soulby - geograph org uk.jpg Soulby Civil parish 186 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Road to Tan Hill - geograph.org.uk - 2214249.jpg Stainmore Civil parish 253 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
The A685, Tebay - geograph.org.uk - 992154.jpg Tebay Civil parish 728 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Gravestones in the church yard, Temple Sowerby - geograph.org.uk - 291330.jpg Temple Sowerby Civil parish 333 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Mission Room - geograph.org.uk - 852473.jpg Threlkeld Civil parish 454 Eden Penrith
Rural District
[34]
[35]
Shapbeck Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 598958.jpg Thrimby Civil parish 30 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Disused railway route near Waitby - geograph.org.uk - 1405605.jpg Waitby Civil parish 60 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Warcop War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1484526.jpg Warcop Civil parish 491 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Pill box - geograph.org.uk - 392370.jpg Wharton Civil parish 31 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Rookby Scarth - geograph.org.uk - 2036380.jpg Winton Civil parish 213 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Eden Millennium Monument, Eamont Bridge.jpg Yanwath and Eamont Bridge Civil parish 457 Eden North Westmorland
Rural District
[38]
[35]
Aldingham Hall.JPG Aldingham Civil parish 1,187 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Footpath by Duddon Mosses - geograph.org.uk - 1097683.jpg Angerton Civil parish 14 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Sunset on the Kent Estuary from Arnside - geograph.org.uk - 1424372.jpg Arnside Civil parish 2,301 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Barbon - geograph.org.uk - 1817758.jpg Barbon Civil parish 263 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Fence, Sandside - geograph.org.uk - 2265470.jpg Beetham Civil parish 1,724 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
The Shoreline, Lake Coniston - geograph.org.uk - 2287178.jpg Blawith and Subberthwaite Civil parish 189 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Limestone Pavement - geograph.org.uk - 1351566.jpg Broughton East Civil parish 173 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
The Square Broughton in Furness - geograph.org.uk - 1882670.jpg Broughton West Civil parish 954 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Burton House, Burton-in-Kendal - geograph.org.uk - 171063.jpg Burton in Kendal Civil parish 1,411 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Garden at Beech Hill Hotel - geograph.org.uk - 2041946.jpg Cartmel Fell Civil parish 309 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Ruskin's View - geograph.org.uk - 799142.jpg Casterton Civil parish 500 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Windermere Ferry, going towards Hawkshead - geograph.org.uk - 1378652.jpg Claife Civil parish 392 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Haverthwaite Steam Railway loco arriving at Lakeside Windermere - geograph.org.uk - 290826.jpg Colton Civil parish 765 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
The Gondola - geograph.org.uk - 523096.jpg Coniston Civil parish 1,058 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Buildings at Crook - geograph.org.uk - 2039854.jpg Crook Civil parish 340 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Church at Crosthwaite, Nr. Kendal - geograph.org.uk - 73844.jpg Crosthwaite and Lyth Civil parish 562 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Hud's House - geograph.org.uk - 792815.jpg Dent Civil parish 675 South Lakeland Sedbergh
Rural District
[45]
[43]
Track over Docker Fell - geograph.org.uk - 597055.jpg Docker Civil parish 55 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Valley near Harter Fell - geograph.org.uk - 2041375.jpg Dunnerdale with Seathwaite Civil parish 129 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Plumpton Bight Foreshore - geograph.org.uk - 2039599.jpg Egton with Newland Civil parish 898 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Swinklebank Crag, Summit Cairn - geograph.org.uk - 680699.jpg Fawcett Forest Civil parish 23 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Pendolino at Beck Foot - geograph.org.uk - 358839.jpg Firbank Civil parish 97 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Ruswarp - geograph.org.uk - 1259798.jpg Garsdale Civil parish 202 South Lakeland Sedbergh
Rural District
[45]
[43]
Thornleigh Hotel, The Esplanade, Grange-over-Sands - geograph.org.uk - 1520749.jpg Grange over Sands Town 4,042 South Lakeland Grange
Urban District
[46]
[43]
Lowgill Viaduct, Lune Valley, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 57433.jpg Grayrigg Civil parish 223 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Backbarrow weirs - geograph.org.uk - 1226768.jpg Haverthwaite Civil parish 728 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Stone under slate - geograph.org.uk - 510287.jpg Hawkshead Civil parish 589 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Holeslack Farm - geograph.org.uk - 36905.jpg Helsington Civil parish 288 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
St Peter's Church, Heversham - geograph.org.uk - 2314997.jpg Heversham Civil parish 647 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Sheep pasture, Greenside - geograph.org.uk - 2315441.jpg Hincaster Civil parish 195 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Swan on the Lancaster Canal in Holme - geograph.org.uk - 152600.jpg Holme Civil parish 1,167 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
St Anne, Ings, Cumbria - Organ - geograph.org.uk - 951011.jpg Hugill Civil parish 416 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
The Rakes, Hutton Roof Crags - geograph.org.uk - 2250553.jpg Hutton Roof Civil parish 193 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Kendal - geograph.org.uk - 17904.jpg Kendal Town 27,505 South Lakeland Kendal
Municipal Borough
[47]
[43]
Descending the farm track from Whiteside End into Kentmere - geograph.org.uk - 1012554.jpg Kentmere Civil parish 95 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Killington Lake - geograph.org.uk - 225962.jpg Killington Civil parish 152 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Slate waste, Kirkby Slate Quarries - geograph.org.uk - 411284.jpg Kirkby Ireleth Civil parish 1,247 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
St Mary's Church, Kirkby Lonsdale, The Gazebo - geograph.org.uk - 799152.jpg Kirkby Lonsdale Town 1,771 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Windermere - geograph.org.uk - 1732924.jpg Lakes Civil parish 5,127 South Lakeland Lakes
Urban District
[39]
[43]
Sheep on Lambrigg Fell - geograph.org.uk - 642504.jpg Lambrigg Civil parish 90 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Levens Hall - geograph.org.uk - 923020.jpg Levens Civil parish 1,007 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
From Flew Scar - geograph.org.uk - 193715.jpg Longsleddale Civil parish 73 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Channel in the sand off Humphrey Head - geograph.org.uk - 2164462.jpg Lower Allithwaite Civil parish 1,758 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Holker Hall.jpg Lower Holker Civil parish 1,808 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Cattle near Lowick Hall - geograph.org.uk - 1256041.jpg Lowick Civil parish 224 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Dramatic skies over the Lune Valley - geograph.org.uk - 2290715.jpg Lupton Civil parish 165 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Mansergh Hall - geograph.org.uk - 709878.jpg Mansergh Civil parish 141 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Gate and Stile - geograph.org.uk - 141250.jpg Mansriggs Civil parish 42 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Arnside Viaduct - geograph.org.uk - 324585.jpg Meathop and Ulpha Civil parish 143 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
The Swan - geograph.org.uk - 131617.jpg Middleton Civil parish 109 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Cross Keys Hotel, Milnthorpe - geograph.org.uk - 502049.jpg Milnthorpe Civil parish 2,106 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
St Mark, Natland, Cumbria - geograph.org.uk - 951051.jpg Natland Civil parish 747 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Through the railway bridge, Staveley - geograph.org.uk - 2040420.jpg Nether Staveley Civil parish 677 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Killington Reservoir - geograph.org.uk - 93788.jpg New Hutton Civil parish 313 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Mast at Bleasegale Hill - geograph.org.uk - 1394205.jpg Old Hutton and Holmescales Civil parish 357 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Bortree Stile on the Cumbria Way - geograph.org.uk - 497580.jpg Osmotherley Civil parish 234 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Over Staveley - geograph.org.uk - 2111910.jpg Over Staveley Civil parish 516 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Harlock Hill Wind Farm - geograph.org.uk - 828529.jpg Pennington Civil parish 1,794 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Pasture land north of Preston Patrick Hall - geograph.org.uk - 2040143.jpg Preston Patrick Civil parish 438 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Kayak on Lancaster Canal - geograph.org.uk - 1842831.jpg Preston Richard Civil parish 1,307 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Windermere, near Holme Well - geograph.org.uk - 1852021.jpg Satterthwaite Civil parish 257 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
River Mint - geograph.org.uk - 1756706.jpg Scalthwaiterigg Civil parish 104 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Sedbergh, Market Town. - geograph.org.uk - 131482.jpg Sedbergh Civil parish 2,705 South Lakeland Sedbergh
Rural District
[45]
[43]
Sedgewick House - geograph.org.uk - 2134637.jpg Sedgwick Civil parish 380 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
The Sprint in Spate - geograph.org.uk - 747181.jpg Skelsmergh Civil parish 271 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Tarn near Holme Ground - geograph.org.uk - 541575.jpg Skelwith Civil parish 185 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Northern end of Lancaster Canal still in water - geograph.org.uk - 805432.jpg Stainton Civil parish 301 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Windermere at Fell Foot Park - geograph.org.uk - 1736028.jpg Staveley in Cartmel Civil parish 428 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Cowan Head - geograph.org.uk - 91935.jpg Strickland Ketel Civil parish 1,093 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Gurnal Dubs - geograph.org.uk - 2108687.jpg Strickland Roger Civil parish 544 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Walna Scar Road - geograph.org.uk - 2038084.jpg Torver Civil parish 135 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Piel Castle, Ulverston - geograph.org.uk - 2191969.jpg Ulverston Town 11,524 South Lakeland Ulverston
Urban District
[48]
[43]
Orphan Crag Barn Cottage at Underbarrow - geograph.org.uk - 885315.jpg Underbarrow and Bradleyfield Civil parish 351 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Newton Fell - geograph.org.uk - 114989.jpg Upper Allithwaite Civil parish 824 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
Great Urswick United Reformed Church, Porch and sign - geograph.org.uk - 866342.jpg Urswick Civil parish 1,467 South Lakeland North Lonsdale
Rural District
[42]
[43]
In Borrowdale - geograph.org.uk - 693908.jpg Whinfell Civil parish 152 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
The Plough Inn - geograph.org.uk - 227203.jpg Whitwell and Selside Civil parish 198 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]
Pleasure Boats - geograph.org.uk - 453410.jpg Windermere Town Town 8,245 South Lakeland Windermere
Urban District
[49]
[43]
Beck Head cottages - geograph.org.uk - 958174.jpg Witherslack Civil parish 482 South Lakeland South Westmorland
Rural District
[44]
[43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Angus Winchester, 2000, Discovering Parish Boundaries. Shire Publications. Princes Risborough, 96 pages ISBN 978-0-7478-0470-3
  2. ^ RAC Foundation : What Went Wrong? British Highway Development Before Motorways Retrieved 22 August 2009
  3. ^ The Victorian Web : The Poor Law : Introduction Retrieved 22 August 2009
  4. ^ Staffordshire University : Poor Law Unions and Registration Districts Retrieved 22 August 2009
  5. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Status Details for Rural Sanitary District Retrieved 22 August 2009
  6. ^ Robert Tittler, The Reformation and the Towns in England, 1998, Oxford University Press, 395 pages, ISBN 978-0-19-820718-4
  7. ^ a b Modern British Surnames : Selected Events in the History of Civil Registration and Boundary Changes 1801-1996 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  8. ^ Alex MacMorran and T R Colquhoun Dill, The Local Government Act 1894 and the Subsequent Statutes Affecting Parish Councils, 1907, Butterworth and Co, London, 626 pages
  9. ^ a b c d Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government Act 1972 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  10. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Rating Act 1997 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  11. ^ Office of Public Sector Information : Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 Retrieved 22 August 2009
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af A Vision of Britain Through Time : Cockermouth Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Allerdale Retrieved 26 October 2010
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa A Vision of Britain Through Time : Wigton Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  15. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Cockermouth Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  16. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Keswick Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  17. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Maryport Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  18. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Lands common to Holme Abbey; Holme Low; and Holme St Cuthbert civil parishes Retrieved 26 October 2010
  19. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Workington Municipal Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  20. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Barrow in Furness County Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  21. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Barrow Island; Central; Hawcoat; Hindpool; Newbarns; Parkside; Ormsgill; Risedale; Roosecote; Walney North; and Walney South wards. Retrieved 26 October 2010
  22. ^ a b c A Vision of Britain Through Time : Dalton in Furness Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  23. ^ a b c Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Barrow in Furness Retrieved 26 October 2010
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj A Vision of Britain Through Time : Border Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Carlisle Retrieved 26 October 2010
  26. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Carlisle County Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  27. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Belah; Belle Vue; Botcherby; Castle; Currock; Denton Holme; Harraby; Morton; St Aidans; Stanwix Urban (part); Upperby; and Yewdale wards. Retrieved 26 October 2010
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ennerdale Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Copeland Retrieved 26 October 2010
  30. ^ Capper, Tim; Shaw, Stephanie. "Community Governance Review: Egremont, Beckermet, Haile, Lowside Quarter, Ponsonby". Copeland Borough Council. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k A Vision of Britain Through Time : Millom Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  32. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Whitehaven Municipal Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  33. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Bransty; Harbour; Hensingham; Hillcrest; Kells; Mirehouse; and Sandwith (part) wards. Retrieved 26 October 2010
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s A Vision of Britain Through Time : Penrith Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Eden Retrieved 26 October 2010
  36. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Alston with Garrigill Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  37. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Appleby Municipal Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az A Vision of Britain Through Time : North Westmorland Rural District
  39. ^ a b A Vision of Britain Through Time : Lakes Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  40. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Penrith Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  41. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Penrith Carleton; Penrith East; Penrith North; Penrith Pategill; Penrith South; and Penrith West wards. Retrieved 26 October 2010
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A Vision of Britain Through Time : North Lonsdale Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca Office for National Statistics: Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : South Lakeland Retrieved 26 October 2010
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as A Vision of Britain Through Time : South Westmorland Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  45. ^ a b c A Vision of Britain Through Time : Sedbergh Rural District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  46. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Grange Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  47. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Kendal Municipal Borough Retrieved 26 October 2010
  48. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Ulverston Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010
  49. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Windermere Urban District Retrieved 26 October 2010

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