Civilian casualties of strategic bombing

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
B-24 "Sandman" on a bomb run over the Astra Romana refinery in Ploieşti, Romania, during Operation Tidal Wave.[1]

This article lists a few Allied strategic bombing campaigns and their civilian death tolls during World War II.

City Date Low estimates High estimates Attacking force Notes
Hamburg 24–30 July 1943 42,600 [2] 42,600 [2] RAF Bomber Command; USAAF Eighth Air Force. Firestorm.[3]
See also: Battle of Hamburg.
Dresden 13–15 February 1945 22,700 [4] 25,000 [4] RAF: Bomber Command; USAAF Eighth Air Force. Firestorm.
See also: Bombing of Dresden in World War II.
Tokyo 9–10 March 1945 88,000 100,000+ USAAF: Twentieth Air Force Conflagration. 279 B-29s dropped about 1,700 short tons (1,500 t) of bombs, destroying 16 square miles (41 km²) of the city.[5] [6][7] [8] [9]
See also: Bombing of Tokyo.
Hiroshima 6 August 1945 80,000 140,000 USAAF: 393rd Bomb Squadron First ever nuclear attack. Uranium-based nuclear weapon: codename Little Boy.
See also: Atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
Nagasaki 9 August 1945 40,000 70,000 USAAF: 393rd Bomb Squadron Plutonium-based nuclear weapon: codename Fat Man.[10]
See also: Atomic bombing of Nagasaki.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Duga, James; Stewart, Carroll (2002). Ploesti (html--Google books). Brassey's. ISBN 978-1-57488-510-1. Retrieved 2009-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b Frankland & Webster 1961, pp. 260-261.
  3. ^ Dyson 2006, p. 3.
  4. ^ a b Neutzner 2010, p. 17.
  5. ^ U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II: Combat Chronology. March 1945. Air Force Historical Studies Office. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  6. ^ Freeman Dyson. (1 November 2006), "Part I: A Failure of Intelligence", Technology Review (MIT) 
  7. ^ David McNeill. "The night hell fell from the sky". Japan Focus, 10 March 2005.
  8. ^ Rhodes, Richard. The Making of the Atomic Bomb. p 599. Simon & Schuster Paperbacks (1984) ISBN 0-684-81378-5.
  9. ^ Mark Selden. "A Forgotten Holocaust: US Bombing Strategy, the Destruction of Japanese Cities and the American Way of War from the Pacific War to Iraq". Japan Focus, 2 May 2007.
  10. ^ Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR VII; Report to the National Academies of Science), 2007

References[edit]