Clackamas County, Oregon
|Clackamas County, Oregon|
Location in the state of Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
|Founded||July 5, 1843|
|Largest city||Lake Oswego|
|• Total||1,879 sq mi (4,867 km2)|
|• Land||1,868 sq mi (4,838 km2)|
|• Water||11 sq mi (28 km2), 0.58%|
|• Density||201/sq mi (77.7/km²)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 5th|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Clackamas County // is a county located in the Willamette Valley region of the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 375,992. Its county seat is Oregon City. The county was named after the Native Americans living in the area, the Clackamas Indians, who were part of the Chinookan people.
Clackamas County is included in the Portland metropolitan area.
- 1 Economy
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 History
- 5 Law and government
- 6 Communities
- 7 County-wide services
- 8 See also
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Since the county's creation, agriculture, timber, manufacturing, and commerce have been the principal economic activities. Mount Hood, the only year-round ski resort in the United States and the site of Timberline Lodge, is a major attraction for recreation and tourism. The mountain and its rivers and forests offer outdoor recreation activities, from skiing and rafting to fishing and camping.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,879 square miles (4,866.6 km2), of which 1,868 square miles (4,838.1 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28.5 km2) (0.58%) is water.
- Interstate 5
- Interstate 205
- U.S. Route 26
- Oregon Route 35
- Oregon Route 99E
- Oregon Route 212
- Oregon Route 213
- Oregon Route 224
As of the 2010 census Clackamas County had a population of 375,992. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 84.5% non-Hispanic white, 0.8% African-American, 0.8% Native American, 3.7% Asian (0.9% Chinese), 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race, 3.2% reporting two or more races and 7.7% Hispanic.
As of the census of 2000, there were 338,391 people, 128,201 households, and 91,663 families residing in the county. The population density was 181 people per square mile (70/km²). There were 136,954 housing units at an average density of 73 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.27% White, 2.45% Asian, 0.71% Native American, 0.66% Black or African American, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. 4.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.7% were of German, 11.6% English, 9.1% Irish and 7.5% American ancestry.
There were 128,201 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $52,080, and the median income for a family was $60,791. Males had a median income of $43,462 versus $30,891 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,973. About 4.60% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 5.10% of those age 65 or over.
Originally named Clackamas District, it was one of the four original Oregon districts created by Oregon's Provisional Legislature on July 5, 1843 along with Twality (later Washington), Champooick (later Marion), and Yamhill. The four districts were redesignated as counties in 1845. At the time of its creation, Clackamas County covered portions of four present-day states and a Canadian province. The Columbia River became the northern boundary of the county in 1844. Soon after John McLoughlin staked a land claim in Oregon City and built a house that in 2003 became a unit of the Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.
Oregon City was also the site of the only federal court west of the Rockies in 1849, when San Francisco, California was platted. The plat was filed in 1850 in the first plat book of the first office of records in the West Coast and is still in Oregon City.
In contrast with the more liberal and cosmopolitan Multnomah County to the north, and the more corporate Washington County to the west, some citizens of Clackamas county have espoused a blue-collar, yet conservative political outlook of the backlash mold described by Thomas Frank. It is the headquarters of Lon Mabon, whose Oregon Citizens Alliance has worked to pass a number of anti-homosexual initiatives, and where Bill Sizemore, who has championed various anti-government initiatives for most of the 1990s, had his base before he moved to Klamath Falls. However, it is a very mixed area overall, narrowly voting for Republican George W. Bush over Democrat John Kerry in 2004, but moderately voting for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain in 2008.
As of August 2005[update], Clackamas is the first county in Oregon to have four models of governance for its communities. Like the rest of Oregon, it has cities (which are formally incorporated) and rural communities (some of which for federal purposes are considered census-designated places).
After completion of a process that began late in 1999, the county adopted an ordinance on August 11, 2005 which defined hamlets and villages. As of the November 30, 2005, deadline, three communities have submitted petitions to start the process of becoming a hamlet or a village. Boring petitioned to become a village. The communities along US 26 near Mount Hood from Brightwood to Rhododendron have petitioned to become "The Villages at Mount Hood". Beavercreek has become a hamlet.
Law and government
|2012||47.2% 87,647||50.7% 94,159|
|2008||43.6% 83,595||54.0% 103,476|
|2004||50.1% 97,691||48.8% 95,129|
|2000||47.8% 77,539||47.1% 76,421|
|1996||41.0% 59,443||46.6% 67,709|
|1992||34.8% 53,724||39.0% 60,310|
- Elected Officials
- Board of County Commissioners (one chair, four commissioners; nonpartisan)
- Treasurer: Shari Anderson
- Assessor: Bob Vroman
- District Attorney: John Foote
- County Clerk: Sherry Hall
- Sheriff: Craig Roberts
Several of the county's cities extend into other counties. Lake Oswego and Milwaukie include areas in Multnomah County. Lake Oswego, Rivergrove and Wilsonville include areas in Washington County. The cities of Portland and Tualatin extend into Clackamas County from Multnomah and Washington counties respectively.
Unincorporated communities and Census-designated places (CDPs)
- Alder Creek
- Bull Run
- Eagle Creek
- Government Camp
- Jennings Lodge
- Ladd Hill
- Lone Elder
- Mountain Air Park
- New Era
- Oak Grove
- Union Mills
- Wankers Corner
Hamlets and villages
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- 2010 US Census report for Clackamas County
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Staff (2010). "Presidential General Election Results - Clackamas County, OR". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- Staff (2008-12-09). "President Map - Election Results". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-05.
- H.O. Lang (ed.), History of the Willamette Valley: Being a Description of the Valley and its Resources, with an Account of its Discovery and Settlement by White Men, and its Subsequent History; Together with Personal Reminiscences of its Early Pioneers. Portland: Himes and Lang, 1885.
- Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon, Containing Original Sketches of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present. Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co., 1903.
- Clackamas County, Oregon
- Clackamas County hamlets and villages
- Clackamas County Considering Hamlets and Villages, a September 2005 article from Oregon Public Broadcasting