Claiborne Parish, Louisiana

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Claiborne Parish, Louisiana
Claiborne Parish Courthouse in Homer, LA.jpg
The Claiborne Parish Courthouse was built in 1860 in Greek style. It served as a point of departure for Confederate troops.
Map of Louisiana highlighting Claiborne Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1828
Named for William C. C. Claiborne
Seat Homer
Largest city Homer
Area
 • Total 768 sq mi (1,988 km2)
 • Land 755 sq mi (1,955 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (33 km2), 1.63%
Population
 • (2010) 17,195
 • Density 23/sq mi (8.8/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Claiborne Parish (French: Paroisse de Claiborne) is a parish located in the northwestern section of the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,195.[1] The parish seat is Homer.[2]

History[edit]

The parish is named for the first Louisiana governor, William C. C. Claiborne.

The original Claiborne Parish courthouse was located in Russellville, now a ghost town. Later in the 19th century, the courthouse moved to Homer. John Ardis Cawthon of Louisiana Tech University studied several Claiborne Parish ghost towns in his book of local history, Ghost Towns of Old Claiborne. He recalls the words of a relative, George Washington Dance, "When the courthouse moved, the glory departed. The village is now an old worn-out field."[3]

Much of the area history is preserved in the Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum, located across from the parish courthouse in Homer.

Politics[edit]

With a narrow majority of African Americans in the population, Claiborne Parish in the years after the civil rights movement was primarily Democratic in political complexion. In 1988, Vice President George Herbert Walker Bush prevailed in Claiborne Parish with 3,756 votes (53.6 percent). Governor Michael S. Dukakis of Massachusetts trailed with 3,158 votes (45.1 percent).[4] In 1996, U.S. President Bill Clinton of neighboring Arkansas, obtained 3,609 votes (53.6 percent) in Claiborne Parish. Republican Bob Dole of Kansas polled 2,500 votes (37.1 percent).[5]

However, by 2008, U.S. Senator John S. McCain of Arizona easily carried the parish in his losing race to Barack H. Obama. McCain polled 3,750 votes (54.8 percent) to Obama's 3,025 votes (44.2 percent).[6] In 2012, Mitt Romney carried the parish, with 3,649 votes (54.2 percent), nearly identical to the McCain tally four years earlier. President Obama received 3,014 votes (44.8 percent), or .6 of 1 percent greater than his earlier tabulation.[7]

Geography[edit]

The parish has a total area of 768 square miles (1,989.1 km2), of which 755 square miles (1,955.4 km2) is land and 13 square miles (33.7 km2) (1.63%) is water.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,764
1840 6,185 250.6%
1850 7,471 20.8%
1860 16,848 125.5%
1870 20,240 20.1%
1880 18,837 −6.9%
1890 23,312 23.8%
1900 23,029 −1.2%
1910 25,050 8.8%
1920 27,885 11.3%
1930 32,285 15.8%
1940 29,855 −7.5%
1950 25,063 −16.1%
1960 19,407 −22.6%
1970 17,024 −12.3%
1980 17,095 0.4%
1990 17,405 1.8%
2000 16,851 −3.2%
2010 17,195 2.0%
Est. 2012 16,828 −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 16,851 people, 6,270 households, and 4,338 families residing in the parish. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 7,815 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 51.80% White, 47.37% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,270 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the parish the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.40 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $25,344, and the median income for a family was $32,225. Males had a median income of $29,161 versus $20,102 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,825. About 21.40% of families and 26.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.30% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of Claiborne Parish Louisiana With Municipal Labels.PNG

Towns:

Villages:

Unincorporated areas:

  • Summerfield
  • Lake Claiborne
  • The former Arizona community
  • The former Russellville community

Education[edit]

Claiborne Parish School Board serves the parish.

Claiborne Academy is a private institution in an unincorporated area in the parish, near Haynesville.[11]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections operates the David Wade Correctional Center in an unincorporated section of Claiborne Parish near Homer and Haynesville.[12][13]

Notable people[edit]

Prominent Claiborne Parish residents include or have included:

  • T. H. Harris, pioneer educator and state education superintendent from 1908 to 1940, was born in the Arizona community in Claiborne Parish in 1869, the son of a Baptist minister. Another Claiborne Parish educator, John Sparks Patton, once ran against Harris for education superintendent and himself served on the Louisiana Public Service Commission until he was unseated in 1942 by Jimmie Davis. Patton is remembered for his crusade to establish taxpayer-funded school textbooks.
  • Andrew R. Johnson (1856–1933) was a state senator from Claiborne and Bienville parishes from 1916 to 1924. He was previously the mayor of Homer and introduced electric lights and water works to the community.
  • James T. McCalman, state senator from Claiborne and Bienville parishes from 1960 to 1964
  • Danny Roy Moore of Homer and later Arcadia in Bienville Parish is a former member of the Louisiana State Senate, with service from 1964 to 1968.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Russellville: Ghost Town of Claiborne Parish". claiborneone.org. Retrieved July 8, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Claiborne Parish presidential election returns, November 8, 1988". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Claiborne Parish presidential election returns, November 5, 1996". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Claiborne Parish presidential election returns". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Claiborne Parish presidential election returns, November 6, 2012". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "image007.gif." Claiborne Academy. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "6741 Highway 19, Haynesville, LA 71038."
  12. ^ "David Wade Corr. Center." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  13. ^ "Inmate wants his privileges restored." The Advocate. January 11, 1990. Retrieved on October 2, 2010. "But Mule was transferred to Wade Correctional Center in Haynesville[...]"
  14. ^ Exhibit, Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum, Homer, Louisiana
  15. ^ Wade Room, Herbert S. Ford Memorial Museum, Homer, Louisiana
  16. ^ "Membership in the Louisiana House of Representatives, 1812-2012". house.louisiana.gov. Retrieved September 5, 2009. 
  17. ^ "State Rep. Wilkerson Killed in Auto Accident". house.legis.state.la.us. August 1, 2000. Retrieved September 26, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Restaurant inspired by popular Lake Claiborne eatery coming to Cross Lake". Shreveport Times. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°49′N 92°59′W / 32.82°N 92.99°W / 32.82; -92.99