Claire Windsor, 1926
|Born||Clara Viola Cronk
April 14, 1892
Marvin, Phillips County, Kansas, U.S.
|Died||October 24, 1972
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Willis Bowes (1914-1920)
Bert Lytell (1925-1927)
Claire Windsor (April 14, 1892 – October 24, 1972) was a notable American film actress of the silent screen era.
Windsor was born Clara Viola Cronk (nicknamed "Ola") in 1892 to George Edwin and Rosella Fearing Cronk in Marvin, Phillips County, Kansas of Scandinavian heritage. Her parents later moved to Cawker City, Kansas while she was still two years old. She attended Washburn Preparatory Academy in Topeka, Kansas from 1906 to 1907 (15)and after a year at Broadway High School in Seattle, Washington, returned as a "special" student in the Fine Arts Department at Washburn College. Intent on further refining her daughters' education and position in society, Rosella and her daughters returned to Seattle in the fall of 1910. On July 14, 1913, Ola was chosen "Empress" during the lavish musical production of "Jappyland." While living in Seattle, Ola met David Willis Bowes and the intense relationship continued by correspondence after Mr. Bowes' return to Denver. Soon a June wedding was planned, but en route back to Kansas, Ola secretly married Mr. Bowes on May 13, 1914 in Denver, Colorado. The union resulted in the birth of a son, David Willis Bowes Jr., on September 9, 1916, but the couple soon went their separate ways. Bowes officially filed for divorce on September 14, 1920.(13)(14) Claire moved to California to be reunited with her parents who had recently retired. Seeking a way to support herself and baby son, Ola took the advice of a friend and quickly found employment at the movie studios. Initially receiving only bit parts, she was soon spotted by Lois Weber, a highly regarded and influential director and producer of silent films for Paramount Pictures. Weber immediately signed Windsor to a contract. Windsor costarred with Louis Calhern in Weber's The Blot (1921).
Claire Windsor's film debut was in the 1920 release of Lois Weber's To Please One Woman which was only a modest success. To promote the nascent starlet, Paramount Pictures often paired Windsor with the newly divorced legendary actor Charlie Chaplin in publicity photographs, leading the tabloid press to give mention to the young actress in print. The publicity paid off; in 1922 the newly formed Western Association of Motion Picture Advertisers (WAMPAS) began their annual WAMPAS Baby Stars awards and named Claire Windsor, along with Bessie Love, Lila Lee, Mary Philbin and Colleen Moore, as the year's most promising starlets. That same year Claire signed a contract with Goldwyn Pictures Corporation. She would appear in Broken Chains with fellow WAMPAS Baby Star Colleen Moore.
In 1923, the former Ola Cronk officially began using the more matinee-friendly Claire Windsor as a moniker. Throughout the 1920s, Windsor established herself as highly regarded leading lady in film. As her career progressed, she was often typecast as the "upscale society girl", often playing the part of a princess, or monied socialite. Critics lauded her elegant fashion sense, and Windsor became a noted trend-setter of 1920s fashion.
In 1924, Windsor was one of the top stars at the newly formed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studio. Later, at Tiffany Pictures, Souls for Sables (1925), co-starring Eugene O'Brien, was a box-office hit for Windsor.
Personal life and "talkies"
Windsor was frequently romantically linked to her leading male co-stars. She had a well-publicized affair with actor Charles "Buddy" Rogers, and in 1925 married matinee idol Bert Lytell. The couple divorced in 1927, however. Windsor never remarried, but a few notable love affairs with men caused minor scandals in the press, including once being sued by the young wife of a Boston broker in an "Alienation of Affection" lawsuit, in which the broker's wife contended that Windsor had "stolen her husband".
By the late 1920s, Claire Windsor (like so many of her acting peers) found it difficult to move into talkies. She made several talkies throughout the 1930s but could never recapture the success of her earlier years as a silent screen actress. She had a brief stint on a road tour with Al Jolson in the production of The Wonder Bar and would occasionally take stage parts. In her later years, Windsor devoted herself to painting.
On April 12, 1943, Windsor officially changed her name to Claire Windsor, and her son took the name of William Willis Windsor.(12)
Claire Windsor died of a heart attack on October 24, 1972 at the age of 80 in Los Angeles, California. (Windsor's age at death is reported as 74 in Sidney D. Kirkpatrick's 1986 book "Cast of Killers").She was laid to rest at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park cemetery in Glendale, California.
- Slent Ladies and Gents
- Silent Era People
- An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930 by Denise Lowe. Haworth Press. 2005. ISBN 0-7890-1843-8]
- An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films: 1895-1930 by Denise Lowe. Haworth Press. 2005. ISBN 0-7890-1843-8
- Claire Windsor: One Fan's Fond Remembrance by Al Bohrer. Classic Images.
- Hollywood Walk of Fame
- 1900 United States Census for Cawker, Mitchell County, Kansas, and 1910 United States Census for Kansas for Cawker, Mitchell County, Kansas
- Massillon, Ohio Evening Independent, "Actress Asks To Keep Stage Name", April 12, 1943, Page 12.
- Colorado Marriage Index
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania The Philadelphia Enquirer, "Claire Windsor and Husband Former Denver Residents", February 2, 1922, Page
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claire Windsor.|
- Claire Windsor at the Internet Movie Database
- Claire Windsor at AllMovie
- Silent Era People - Claire Windsor
- Silent Ladies & Gents - Claire Windsor Gallery
- Classic Images - Claire Windsor
- Claire Windsor on Find A Grave
- Photographs and literature