Clan Agnew

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Clan Agnew
MacGniomh
Clan member crest badge - Clan Agnew.svg
Crest: An eagle issuant and reguardant Proper.
Motto CONSILIO NON IMPETU ("By Council, not by Force")
War cry AGNEW! ("Agnew!")
Profile
Region Lowlands
District Dumfries and Galloway
Animal Eagle
Chief
Arms of Baronet Agnew of Lochnaw.jpg
Sir Crispin Agnew
11th Baronet of Lochnaw
Historic seat Lochnaw Castle

Clan Agnew is a Lowland Scottish clan.[1]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The origin of the name Agnew is disputed, although it is generally asserted to have been Norman, from the Barony d'Agneaux.[1] The Agnews first settled in England but later appear in Liddesdale, Scotland towards the end of the 12th century.[1]

A separate origin has also been suggested through the Celtic natives of Ulster, the O'Gnimh, who were the hereditary poets or bards of the O'Neills of Clanaboy, and who acquired the anglicized name of Agnew.[1] In English the name was first written as O'Gnyw and O'Gnew.[1] This would give the Agnews a shared origin with the Clan Donald from Somerled, who was the 12th century King of the Isles.[1]

15th and 16th centuries[edit]

Andrew Agnew of Lochnaw was granted the lands and constableship of Lochnaw Castle in 1426.[1] In 1451 he was appointed Sheriff of Wigtown, an honour still held by his direct descendants.[1]

Andrew Agnew of Lochnaw was killed at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547, fighting against the English.[1]

17th century[edit]

Sir Patrick Agnew was MP for Wigtownshire from 1628 to 1633, and again from 1643 to 1647.[1] On 28 July 1629 he was made a baronet of Nova Scotia.[1] Agnew married Anne Stewart, daughter of the first Earl of Galloway.[1] When he died in 1661, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Andrew, who would also be returned as MP for Wigtownshire.[1] He had been created Sheriff of both Kirkcudbright and Wigtown in the 1650s, while Scotland was part of the Protectorate with England.[1]

18th century[edit]

Lochnaw Castle in 2007

Andrew Agnew, the fifth Baronet, married a kinswoman, Eleanor Agnew of Lochryan, with whom he had twenty one children.[1] He was a distinguished soldier commanding the 21st Foot (which later became the Royal Scots Fusiliers) against the French at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743.[1] King George II of Great Britain, the last British monarch to lead troops in battle, remarked to Agnew that French cavalry had been let among his regiment. Sir Andrew replied, "Yes, please your Majesty, but they didna win back again".[1]

During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the Clan Agnew continued their support of the British Government. Sir Andrew held Blair Castle, seat of the Duke of Atholl, against Jacobite forces.[1] Agnew's forces were near starvation when Charles Edward Stuart called the Jacobite forces to retreat to Inverness to meet the advance of Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland.[1] See main article: Siege of Blair Castle.[2]

Clan Chief[edit]

Castles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 64 - 65.
  2. ^ The Scots magazine and Edinburgh literary miscellany, Volume 70, Part 1 (1808).

External links[edit]