|Mac Ghille Aindrais or Gilleaindreas|
|Plant badge||An Oak Tree|
|Clan Anderson has no chief, and is an armigerous clan|
|Last Chief||Anderson of that Ilk |
As Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland the surname Anderson, which means Son of Andrew is found common over most of the country. The Scottish Gaelic derivation of the name is Gilleaindreas which means Macandrew. The Scottish historian, Ian Grimble, states that although arms were granted to an Anderson of that Ilk in the sixteenth century, as the name is so widespread no exact place of origin can be established.
16th and 17th centuries
The historian George Fraser Black lists Andersons as being burgesses of Peebles as well as in the county of Dumfries. In 1585 John Anderson was a commissioner to Parliament for Cupar. Alexander Anderson was a famous mathematician who was born near Aberdeen and later settled in Paris, where he published works on Algebra and Geometry. Alexander's kinsman, David Anderson of Finshaugh, also a scientist, is renowned for removing a rock that was obstructing the entrance to Aberdeen harbour with the application of science and mechanics.
19th and 20th centuries
In 1863 William Anderson published his famous biographical history of the people of Scotland, The Scottish Nation, in three volumes. In this book he praised the above-mentioned rock remover, David Anderson, stating that he had been rich enough and generous enough to found and endow a hospital in Aberdeen for the maintenance and education of ten poor orphans.
Anderson Clan Society
There is currently no chiefly line of the Clan Anderson, however the major cadet branches have been identified as Anderson of Dowhill, Anderson of West Ardbreck and Anderson of Candacraig.
Highland MacAndrews and Andersons
In the Scottish Highlands the surname MacAndrew is considered a sept of the Clan Mackintosh or Chattan Confederation and MacAndrews were also associated with the Clan MacDonell of Glengarry. The surnames Andrew, Andrews and Anderson are also considered septs of the Highland Clan Ross.
- Motto: "Stand sure"
- Crest: An Oak Tree
- Gaelic Name: Mac Ghille Aindrais
- Badge: An Oak Tree Proper
- Lands: Badenoch
- Origin of Name: "Son of Andrew"
- Tartan: First seen in 1815 when collected by the "Highland Society of London." It has an azure field and it is one of several Scottish tartans woven with seven colours.
Andrew, Anderson, Andrews, Gillanders, MacAndrew.
- Clan Anderson Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Page 352.
- it has not certain who the chiefly arms belonged to, therefore the lands of this chief can not be properly asertained. See myclan.com
- Clan Anderson/MacAndrews History rampantscotland.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Clan Ross History electricscotland.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- clanandersonsociety.org symbols
- "The Anderson Tartan and Variants". clananderson.net. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- Anderson Association
- Clan Anderson Society
- (Swedish) Matrikel öfwer Swea rikes ridderskap och adel ... (1754) (Alexander Anderson of Dowhill - noble family in Sweden)