Crest: The sun in his splendour Or
|Motto||Sero sed serio (Late but in earnest)|
|Slogan||Late but in Earnest|
|Plant badge||Bog Myrtle|
|The Most Hon. Michael Kerr|
|The 13th Marquess of Lothian|
Clan Kerr i// is a Scottish clan whose origins lie in the Scottish Borders. During the Middle Ages it was one of the prominent border reiver clans along the present-day Anglo-Scottish border and has played an important role in the history of the Border country of Scotland.
Origins of the clan
The name Kerr is rendered in various forms such as Kerr, Ker, Carr and Carre. The name stems from the Old Norse kjrr which means marsh dweller, and came to Scotland from Normandy, the French settlement of the Norsemen. There is another variant found on the west coast of Scotland, particularly on the Isle of Arran, taken from the Gaelic ciar, meaning dusky. Family tradition asserts the Norman origin for the chiefs, from two brothers, Ralph and Robert (also called John), who came to Roxburgh from Lancashire. It has never been confirmed who was the elder brother of the two, although the senior branch of the family, the Kerrs of Ferniehurst claim descent from Ralph, while their rivals, the Kerrs of Cessford descended from John.
Asked how to say his name, Admiral Mark Kerr told The Literary Digest "In Scotland the name rhymes with care. Since many of the family have come to England the pronunciation in this country rhymes with car, which we have entirely submitted to".
15th and 16th century clan conflicts
The two main branches of the Clan Kerr, the Kerrs of Ferniehurst and the Kerrs of Cessford often feuded with each other. However both Andrew Kerr of Ferniehurst and Andrew Kerr of Cessford were made Wardens of the Middle Marches, the former in 1502 and the latter after the Battle of Flodden in 1513. After the Battle of Flodden Field, some of the Liddesdale clans put themselves under the Kerr of Ferniehurst's protection, but in 1523 his castle was taken by the English after a protracted defence.
The Clan Kerr feuded in particular with the Clan Scott. The feud began on the 25 July 1526 when Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch launched an attack (the Battle of Melrose) to rescue the young James V of Scotland who was being held by the Douglas Earl of Angus at Darnick just west of Melrose, and in the ensuing fight Kerr of Cessford was killed. The Kerrs however took their time and in 1552 they set upon Sir Walter Scott on Edinburgh High Street and killed him. The feud came to an end when Sir Thomas Kerr of Ferniehurst married Janet Scott who was the sister of the tenth Scott Laird of Buccleuch.
Mark Kerr, had his lands of Newbattle and Prestongrange erected into the barony of Newbattle by a charter of 1591.
17th century and Civil War
The third peerage to come to the family was the earldom of Ancram, which was given to Sir Robert Kerr, a descendant of a younger son of Sir Andrew Kerr of Ferniehurst. In 1616 Sir Robert Ker of Cessford, by this time spelt his surname with a single ‘r’, was created Earl of Roxburghe. In 1631 Sir William Kerr, son of the Earl of Ancram, was granted a new earldom of Lothian in 1631. His son was Robert Kerr who was advanced to the rank of Marquess and who also succeeded to the earldom of Ancram on the death of his uncle.
18th century and Jacobite risings
Lord Mark Kerr son of the Chief Marquess of Lothian, was a distinguished professional soldier and is reputed to have had a high sense of personal honour and a quick temper. He fought several duels throughout his military career but rose ultimately to the rank of general, and was appointed governor of Edinburgh Castle in 1745.
During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the Clan Kerr supported the British Government. At the Battle of Culloden in 1746 Lord Kerr's younger brother, Robert, Lord Kerr, who was captain of the grenadiers in Barrel's regiment, received the first charging Cameron on the point of his Spontoon, but then a second cut him through the head to chin. He has the dubious distinction of being the only person of high rank killed on the Government side. The eldest of the brothers, Mark, Lord Kerr, later the fourth Marquess of Lothian, commanded three squadrons of Government cavalry at the Battle of Culloden and survived to serve under the Duke of Cumberland in France in 1758.
The Kerrs have typically been associated with left-handedness; some of their buildings, such as Ferniehirst Castle, have been explicitly designed with this in mind. There is an anecdotal link between the Kerrs and left-handedness, although it is unclear whether or not present-day individuals with the surname of Kerr have a higher incidence of left-handedness than the general population. An article appearing in the BMJ circa 1972 confirmed that about 30% of those with the surname Kerr were left-handed as opposed to a background 10% of the population. However, a 1993 study found no statistically significant increase in left-handedness among people with the family name Kerr or Carr.
- Ferniehirst Castle (sometimes spelt Ferniehurst) was built around 1470 to hold the gate for Scotland and to serve as a base for military raids and cattle-lifting forays. It commands the road to Otterburn and Newcastle. For 50 years in the 20th century, it housed a Youth Hostel, but it has been converted back into a residence.
- Newbattle Abbey or Newbattle Castle near Edinburgh became a secular lordship for the last commendator, Mark Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian (Ker) in 1587.
- Floors Castle is another great monument to the Kerr's success.
- Roxburgh Castle is just across the Tweed from Floors Castle.
- Castle Holydean was destroyed in 1276 and very little of it now remains.
- Cessford Castle, a massive L-plan castle.
- Nisbet House, a 17th-century tower house.
- Kersland Castle, a tower house near Dalry in Ayrshire.
- Clan chief: Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian (Michael Ancram)
- Arms: Quarterly, 1st & 4th, Azure, the sun in his splendour Or (for the peerage of Lothian); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, on a chevron Argent, three mullets of the field (Kerr)
Clan Kerr has Three recognised tartans:
- Kerr (Modern)
- Kerr (Hunting)
- Kerr (Muted)
Notes and references
- Clan Kerr Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 184 - 185.
- Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.
- Clan Kerr History electricscotland.com. Retrieved 11, February 2013
- Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 314 - 315.
- Mackenzie, Alan (2006) History of the Mackenzies Chapter 9. Page 105. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Kerr (Car or Ker) scottish places.info. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
- Shaw, D.; McManus, I. C. (1993). "The handedness of Kerrs and Carrs". British Journal of Psychology 84: 545–51.