Clan Lindsay

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Clan Lindsay
Clan member crest badge - Clan Lindsay.svg
Crest: Issuing from an antique ducal coronet Or, the head, neck and wings of a swan proper according to Bain, the crest is : an swan, proper, holding in its beak a key. or.
Motto Endure Fort (Suffer bravely/ Endure boldly)
Profile
Region Lowlands
District Angus
Chief
Earl of Crawford COA.svg
Robert, Earl of Crawford and Balcarres
Seat Balcarres House
Historic seat Crawford Castle
Edzell Castle

Clan Lindsay is a Lowland Scottish clan.[1]

History[edit]

Origins of the clan[edit]

The Lindsays were prominent in both England and Scotland from the late 11th century.[1] The name most likely derives from the region of Lindsey in England (the name of which comes from the Old English for "island of Lincoln") though it could also refer to the village of Limésy in Normandy.[2] Sir Walter de Lindissie accompanied David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon to claim his throne.[1] Walter's great-grandson, Sir William de Lindesay, sat in the Parliament of 1164 and was later a justiciar.[1] William Lindsay held the lands of Crawford. The chief's premier title was later Earl of Crawford.[1] Sir William Lindsay sat in Parliament as Baron of Luffness in East Lothian.[1] He probably had two wives, and through his wife Alienora de Limesi came David de Lindsay. [3]

Sir William Lindsay's son was Sir David de Lindsay who married a member of the royal family named Marjory.[1] David died in 1214 and was succeeded as Lord Crawford and High Justiciar of Lothian by his son who was also called David.[1] This David also inherited the English estates of Limesay and Wolveray.[1] One of his descendants was another Sir David Lindsay who was Chamberlain of Scotland in 1256.[1]

Wars of Scottish Independence[edit]

The aforementioned David Lindsay's grandson was yet another David whose seal was appended to the letter of 1320 to the Pope, asserting the independence of Scotland, that was more often known as the Declaration of Arbroath.[1] His second son, Sir James Lindsay, married Egidia, daughter of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and sister of Robert II of Scotland.[1]

14th, 15th and 16th centuries[edit]

In 1390 Sir David Lindsay famously took part in a tournament at London Bridge, in the presence of Richard II of England.[1] At the tournament Lindsay won the day and the admiration of the English king.[1] Lindsay was created Earl of Crawford on the 21st of April 1398.[1] In 1403 he was Lord High Admiral of Scotland and in 1406 he was sent as an ambassador to England.[1]

The Lindsays fought at the Battle of Arbroath in 1445.[4] In 1452 Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford joined in a rebellion against James II of Scotland and fought at the Battle of Brechin where the royal forces were victorious.[1] Alexander Lindsay was attained for treason but was later pardoned.[1]

The fifth Earl of Crawford rose high in royal favour.[1] He was successively Lord High Admiral of Scotland, Master of the Royal Household, Lord Chamberlain and High Justiciary.[1] The sixth Earl of Crawford was killed at the Battle of Flodden in 1513, while on close attendance to King James IV.[1]

17th century and civil war[edit]

Ludovic, 16th Earl of Crawford learned his trade as a soldier on the Continent. He later fought for King Charles I during the civil war where he commanded a cavalry regiment at the Battle of Marston Moor.[1] He was later captured supporting James, Marquis of Montrose at the Battle of Philiphaugh in 1645.[1] The earldom of Crawford was succeeded to by his kinsman John, Earl of Lindsay.[1] The Crawford title remained with this branch of the family until it passed to the Earl of Balcarres in the 19th century, who were descended from a younger son of the ninth Earl of Crawford.[1] This branch of the family had been created Earls of Balcarres in 1650 for services during the civil war.[1]

18th century and Jacobite risings[edit]

The first Earl of Balcarres was made hereditary governor of Edinburgh Castle.[1] He was also made Secretary of State for Scotland and High Commissioner to the General Assembly.[1] His younger son was Colin, 3rd Earl of Balcarres who was a staunch Jacobite and fought during the Jacobite rising of 1715.[1] He only escaped being attained for treason through the intervention of the Duke of Marlborough who was a lifelong friend of his.[1] In 1739 John, 20th Earl of Crawford was made Lieutenant-Colonel of the newly formed 43rd Regiment of Foot ("Black Watch" regiment) that supported the British Government during the Jacobite rising of 1745 and had been formed from the ten Independent Highland Companies of "Black Watch".[5]

Clan Castle[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 196 - 197.
  2. ^ "Last name: Lindsay". Surname Database. Retrieved May 2015. 
  3. ^ The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom by Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931
  4. ^ Arbroath canmore.rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  5. ^ Simpson, Peter. (1996). The Independent Highland Companies, 1603 - 1760. ISBN 0-85976-432-X. pp. 115 - 118.

External links[edit]