Clan Malcolm

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Clan MacCallum/Malcolm
Mac Mhaol Chaluim
Clan member crest badge - Clan Malcolm (Maccalum).svg
Crest: A tower argent with blue window and port
Motto In ardua tendit (He aims at difficult things)
Profile
Region Highlands and Lowlands
District Dumbartonshire, Stirlingshire, Argyllshire
Plant badge Mountain ash
Chief
Robin N. L. Malcolm of Poltalloch.
Chief of Clan Malcolm
Seat Duntrune Castle

The Clan Malcolm, also known as the Clan MacCallum, is a Highland Scottish clan.[1] The Clan MacCallum may have originally been a separate clan until the 18th Century, when the chief of the Clan MacCallum adopted the name Malcolm after inheriting the Malcolm estate, and the two clans were drawn together under the same chief.

History[edit]

Origins of the Clan[edit]

The name MacCallum is derived from Mac Ghille Chaluim which means son of the disciple of Columba.[1] The MacCallums settled in Lorne towards the end of the 13th century.[1] Maol or shavenhead is Scottish Gaelic for monk.[1] Therefore Maol Chaluim can be translated as monk or disciple of Columba.[1]

Historian Ian Grimble has challenged the idea that MacCallum and Malcolm are simply interchangeable versions of the same name.[1] Grimble claims that Colm was common throughout all areas of Celtic settlement.[1] The name Malcolm appears as a surname as early as the 14th century in Dumbartonshire and Stirlingshire.[1] Malcolm was also the name of four Scottish kings.[1]

15th, 16th and 17th century[edit]

Duntrune Castle, seat of the clan chief from the east (photo by Patrick Mackie, June 2006)

In 1414 Ronald MacCaullum of Corbarron was appointed as constable of Craignish Castle.[1]

In May 1562 Donald McGillespie Vich O'Challum received a charter of the lands of Poltalloch in the parish of Kilmartin in the county of Argyll from Duncan Campbell of Duntrune.[1]

The Reverend Arhibald MacCallum translated parts of the Bible into Gaelic.[1] In 1642 he succeeded his cousin to become the fourth Laird of Poltalloch.[1] His son was Zachary MacCallum who was educated at the University of St Andrews and was also a noted swordsman.[1]

Zachary's younger brother was Duncan whose son, Neil MacCallum served in the French Navy and is said to have been the natural father of Louis-Joseph de Montcalm.[1] Zachary was a supporter of the Marquess of Argyll and he was killed in 1647 by forces of Sir Alexander MacDonald at Ederline. After killing seven of the enemy Zachary MacCallum turned to Sir Alexander MacDonald, who would have been his eighth that day if MacCallum was not taken from behind by an enemy(Maclean)who killed him with a Scythe.

John Malcolm of Balbedie was chamberlain of Fife during the reign of Charles I.[1] He had four sons: Sir John Malcolm who was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia (see: Malcolm baronets), Alexander Malcolm, Lord Lochore who became a judge, James Malcolm who fought for John Graham, 1st Viscount Dundee at the Battle of Killiecrankie and Michael Malcolm.[1]

18th and 19th centuries[edit]

In the late 18th century chief Dugald MacCallum, the ninth of Poltalloch changed his surname to Malcolm.[1] This may have been because he inherited the Malcolm estates in 1779.

Of the Malcolm chieftainship line: Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm was Commander in Chief of Saint Helena, and won the regard of Napoleon. Sir Pulteney Malcolm also commanded HMS Royal Oak as Captain of the ship.

John Wingfield Malcolm of Poltalloch was created Lord Malcolm in 1896, and died in 1902, when the peerage became extinct, though his brother inherited his estate, and the feudal title of 'Malcolm of Poltalloch', descended with the chieftainship of the Clan.[1]

The Chief Malcolm family had an impressive reputation for military and naval success throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In addition to this, more than one of the chiefs of the clan has entered into the world of politics, the last of these being Sir Ian Malcolm, who was a Member of Parliament until 1919.[1]

Clan Chief[edit]

The current chief of Clan Malcolm is Robin N. L. Malcolm of Poltalloch.

Clan castle[edit]

  • Duntrune Castle is situated on the north side of Loch Crinan.[2] The castle was built in the thirteenth century.[2] The L-plan tower house is enclosed by a walled courtyard.[2] The original castle was re-modeled in the eighteenth century and again in 1830.[2] The castle was originally held by the Clan Campbell but was sold to the Malcolms of Poltalloch in 1792 and they still own the castle.[2] The castle is said to have a phantom piper.[2]
  • Poltalloch, two miles south-west of Kilmartin in mid Argyll, was originally held by the Campbells but was granted to the Malcolms in 1562.[2] The original castle was replaced by the current house that dates from 1830.[2]
  • Lochore Castle is a ruinous fourteenth century keep and courtyard that stood on and island in a loch.[2] The castle was held by the Wardlaws of Torrie before going to the Malcolms of Balbedie.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Way, George and Squire, Romily. (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 264 - 265.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Coventry, Martin. (2008). Castles of the Clans: The Strongholds and Seats of 750 Scottish Families and Clans. pp. 406. ISBN 978-1-899874-36-1.

External links[edit]