Clan Stirling

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Clan Stirling
Clan member crest badge - Clan Stirling.svg
Crest: Issuing out of an antique coronet Or a hart's head couped Azure
Motto Gang Forward[1]
Profile
Region Lowlands
District East Dunbartonshire Stirlingshire Perthshire
Chief
Stirling of Cadder arms.svg
Francis Stirling of Cadder[1]
Chief of the Name and Arms of Stirling
Seat Oakley Street, London SW3
Historic seat Cadder House

Clan Stirling is a Lowland Scottish clan.[2]

History[edit]

Origins of the clan[edit]

The Scottish town of Stirling and Stirling Castle lie at the crossroads of Scotland and this could account for the derivation of the name which means place of strife.[2]

Appearing in a charter of David I of Scotland in around 1147 is Thoraldus who held the lands of Cadder.[2] His descendant was Alexander de Strivelyn, fifth Laird of Cadder who died in 1304.[2]

Wars of Scottish Independence[edit]

During the Wars of Scottish Independence Alexander's heir, Sir John de Strivelyn, was killed at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333.[2]

15th and 16th centuries[edit]

The grandson of Sir John de Strivelyn was Sir William who had two sons.[2] The succession passed through his eldest son, also called William, for four generations.[2] After this it passed to a grandson of the second son, Sir John de Strivelyn, third Laird of Cragernard.[2] Sir John was the governor of the royal Dumbarton Castle and sheriff of Dumbartonshire.[2] James I of Scotland appointed him as Comptroller of the Royal Household and armour bearer.[2] He was knighted in 1430.[2] His son, William, acquired from the Earl of Lennox the lands of Glorat.[2] William also held Dumbarton Castle and this appointment passed to his son, George, who defended it for the Crown between 1534 and 1547.[2] George fought at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh and died of wounds received there.[2]

In 1581 Malcom Kincaid of Clan Kincaid was killed by a Stirling of Glovat (Glorat).[3]

17th century and civil war[edit]

George's great grandson was Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat who was a staunch supporter of Charles I of England.[2] In recognition of his bravery Charles knighted Sir Mungo.[2] Sir Mungo's son was George Stirling who was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1666.[2]

The Stirlings of Keir had acquired the lands of Keir in Perthshire in the mid 15th century when Prince James, son of James II of Scotland rebelled against his father and Sir William Stirling of Keir was one of his supporters.[2] Sir William Stirling's descendant, Sir Arhibald Stirling of Keir was a prominent lawyer who supported the king during the Scottish Civil War and on the Restoration of the monarchy in 1660.[2] The Stirling of Garden branch of the clan descend from this Sir Archibald Stirling.[2] He was also appointed to the Supreme Court with the title Lord Garden.[2]

18th century and Jacobite risings[edit]

During both the Jacobite rising of 1715 and the Jacobite rising of 1745 the Stirling Lairds of Keir fought for the Stuarts.[2] James Stirling of Keir's estates were forfeited for his part in the rising of 1715 but they were later restored.[2]

Walter Stirling of Faskine served in the Royal Navy and was appointed commander-in-chief of the fleet by George III of the United Kingdom.[2] The Stirling of Faksine branch of the clan claimed descent from a nephew of William the Lion but they were in fact a collateral branch of the Stirlings of Cadder.[2]

James Stirling of Drumpellier fought in the war against America in 1812 and was later made Governor of Western Australia.[2]

Modern history[edit]

The Stirling family's historic connection with Dumbarton Castle continued into the twentieth century when in 1927 Sir George Stirling was appointed keeper of the castle.[2] Stirling of Garden was Lord Lieutenant of Stirling and Falkirk (until 2005).[2] Sir David Stirling of the Stirling of Keir branch of the clan was the founder of the British special forces regiment, the Special Air Service, in World War II.[4]

Clan chief[edit]

The current chief of Clan Stirling is Francis Stirling of Cadder, Chief of the Name and Arms of Stirling.[1]

Clan castles[edit]

Spelling variations[edit]

Note: Clan Stirling has no recognized septs.

Spelling variations [5] of the name Stirling include (among others):

Stairline, Stairling, Starlin, Starling, Stairlink, Sterline, Sterling, Sterlink, Sterlline, Sterlling, Sterllink, Steuline, Steuling, Steulink, Stewline, Stewling, Stewlink, Stirine, Stiring, Stirink, Stirline, Stirling, Stirlink, Strifelan, Strifeland, Strifelane, Strifelant, Strifelen, Strifelend, Strifelent, Strifelind, Strifelint, Strifelyn, Strifelynd, Striffelan, Striffeland, Striffelane, Striffelant, Striffelen, Striffelend, Striffelent, Striffelind, Striffelint, Striffelyn, Striffelynd, Strivelan, Striveland, Strivelane, Strivelant, Strivelen, Strivelend, Strivelent, Strivelind, Strivelint, Strivelyn, Strivelynd, Sturline, Sturling, Sturlink, Styrline, Styrling, Styrlink.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Clan Stirling Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 328 - 329.
  3. ^ Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 186 - 187.
  4. ^ Cowles, Virginia. (1958). The Phantom Major: The Story of David Stirling and the SAS Regiment. (Collins). ISBN 1848843860 ISBN 978-1848843868.
  5. ^ clanstirling.net

External links[edit]