Clarín (Argentine newspaper)
The front page of Clarín 7 January 2011.
|Political alignment||Centrism - Developmentalism|
|Headquarters||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
Clarín (English: flugelhorn) is the largest newspaper in Argentina, published by the Grupo Clarín media group. It was founded by Roberto Noble on 28 August 1945. It is popularly understood to oppose the Kirchner government. Its director since 1969 is Ernestina Herrera de Noble.
Based in Buenos Aires, the newspaper prints and distributes around 330,000 copies throughout the country, but by 2012, the circulation has declined to 270,444 copies and Clarin accounted for nearly 21 percent of Argentine newspaper market, compared to 35 percent in 1983. Clarín has a 44 percent market share in Buenos Aires. According to Alexa.com, the electronic version of the paper is one of the most visited Spanish language newspaper on the Internet.
Clarín was created by Roberto Noble, former minister of the Buenos Aires Province, on 28 August 1945. It was one of the first Argentine newspapers published in tabloid format. It became the highest sold Argentine newspaper in 1965, and the highest sold Spanish-speaking newspaper in 1985. It was also the first Argentine newspaper to sell a magazine with the Sunday edition, since 1967. In 1969, the news were split into several supplements by topic. In 1976, high colour printing was benefited by the creation of AGR.
Roberto Noble died in 1969, and his widow Ernestina Herrera de Noble succeeded him as director. The newspaper bought Papel Prensa in 1977, together with La Nación and La Razón. In 1982, it joined a group of 20 other newspapers to create the "Diarios y Noticias" informative agency. The Sunday magazine was renamed in 1994 to "Viva", a name that would last up to modern day. The newspaper started a media conglomerate in 1999 after a law reformation which allows it to collect many different media supports, that would be named after the newspaper, Grupo Clarín. This conglomerate would operate in radio, television, Internet, other newspapers and other areas beyond Clarín itself.
On 27 December 1999, The Clarín Group and Goldman Sachs, an American investment firm, subscribed an investment agreement where the consortium, managed by Goldman Sachs, made a direct investment in Clarín Group. The operation implied an increase of capital to the Clarin Group and the incorporation of Goldman Sachs as minority partner, with a participation of 18% of the stocks.
Clarín launched clarin.com, the website for the newspaper, in March 1996. The site served nearly 6 million unique visitors daily in Argentina in April 2011, making it the fifth most visited website in the country that month and the most widely visited of any website based in Argentina itself.
There is an ongoing conflict between the government of Fernández de Kirchner and Clarín since 2008 over a number of issues.
- "Clarín vende un 32% menos que en 2003 y reduce su presencia en el mercado de diarios (Clarin sells 32% less than in 2003 and reduced its presence in the market daily)". Telam. August 30, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- "Pressed". The Economist.
- "After Half a Century and 200 Issues ...". Automóvil Club Argentino. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- "Facebook Users in Argentina Spend 9 Hours a Month on Site, Second Only to Israel in User Engagement". comScore. 9 June 2011.
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