Clare, South Australia

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Clare
South Australia
Main street, Clare.JPG
Main North Road, looking north
Clare is located in South Australia
Clare
Clare
Coordinates 33°50′0″S 138°56′0″E / 33.83333°S 138.93333°E / -33.83333; 138.93333Coordinates: 33°50′0″S 138°56′0″E / 33.83333°S 138.93333°E / -33.83333; 138.93333
Population 3,278 (2011)[1] (2011 Census)
Established 1842
Postcode(s) 5453
Elevation 392 m (1,286 ft)
Mayor Allan Aughey
Location
LGA(s) District Council of Clare and Gilbert Valleys
Region Mid North
State electorate(s) Frome
Federal Division(s) Wakefield

The town of Clare (postcode 5453) is located in South Australia in the Mid North region, 136 km north of Adelaide. It gives its name to the Clare Valley wine and tourist region.

History[edit]

The Benley Hotel, one of three hotels in Clare

One of the first settlers in the area was John Horrocks, in 1839. The town itself was established in 1842 by Edward Burton Gleeson, and named after his ancestral home of County Clare in Ireland.[2]

The town was first named Inchiquin, which this was later changed. Lake Inchiquin is now the name of a reservoir located to the north of the town, near the golf club.

A railway line was built from Riverton to Clare in 1919 and on to Spalding in 1922. It closed in 1974 and the tracks were removed in the 1980s after damage caused by the Ash Wednesday fires of 1983. The alignment now carries the Riesling Trail walking and cycling trail.

The layout of the town's road system was apparently designed by a draughtsman in Adelaide, without any knowledge of the local geography.[citation needed] There are several roads in Clare that end abruptly at a cliff face, only to continue again at the top of the cliff.

Geography/climate[edit]

Climate data for Clare
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
25.9
(78.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.1
(62.8)
13.5
(56.3)
12.8
(55)
14.2
(57.6)
17.3
(63.1)
20.4
(68.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.3
(81.1)
21.3
(70.3)
Average low °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
15.0
(59)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48)
6.3
(43.3)
4.9
(40.8)
4.0
(39.2)
4.4
(39.9)
6.1
(43)
7.8
(46)
10.9
(51.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.0
(48.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 18.3
(0.72)
23.5
(0.925)
27.3
(1.075)
32.8
(1.291)
51.3
(2.02)
65.7
(2.587)
66.1
(2.602)
64.7
(2.547)
59.1
(2.327)
50.2
(1.976)
38.5
(1.516)
37.4
(1.472)
534.9
(21.058)
Avg. precipitation days 2.6 2.5 3.0 4.4 6.8 9.8 11.1 10.4 7.7 5.9 5.1 4.0 73.3
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[3]

The town today[edit]

As one of the larger towns in the region, Clare is an administrative and service centre for the surrounding area. It has a large supermarket, many other shops, public and private schools, three hotels, two motels, a caravan park and showground.

Clare has become recognised for its 'experiences', including the Riesling Trail walking and cycling route from 9 km north of Clare to Auburn (25 km), on the former railway alignment, so named as it weaves past vinyards and wineries, and continuing to Riverton as the Rattler Trail. The Clare Valley wine region continues within the same line of hills as the famous Barossa Valley, and also produces some excellent wine.

Governance[edit]

Clare is governed at the local level by the District Council of Clare and Gilbert Valleys. Clare lies in the state electoral district of Frome and the federal electoral division of Division of Wakefield.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Clare (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Rodney Cockburn (1908, revised 1984). What's in a name? Nomenclature of South Australia. Fergusson Publications. 
  3. ^ "CLARE HIGH SCHOOL". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 

External links[edit]