10 October 1911 |
Knighton, Leicester, England
Clare Hollingworth (born 10 October 1911) is a British journalist and author who is noted as the first war correspondent to report the outbreak of World War II.
On 31 August 1939, Hollingworth had been working as a journalist for less than a week for The Daily Telegraph when she was sent to Poland to report on worsening tensions in Europe. Hollingworth persuaded the British Consul-General in Katowice, John Anthony Thwaites, to lend her his chauffeured car for a fact-finding mission into Germany. While driving along the German-Polish border, Hollingworth chanced upon a massive build-up of Nazi German troops, tanks and armoured cars facing Poland. The following morning Hollingworth called the British embassy in Warsaw to report the German invasion of Poland. To convince doubtful embassy officials, Hollingworth held a telephone out of her room window to capture the sounds of German forces. Hollingworth's eyewitness account was the first report the British Foreign Office had about the invasion of Poland.
She is the author of five books: Poland's Three Weeks' War (1940); There's a German Right Behind Me (1945); The Arabs and the West (1950); 'Mao' (1985); and her memoirs, Front Line (1990, updated with Neri Tenorio in 2005).
Personal life 
Hollingworth was married twice. She married Vandeleur Robinson in 1936 and they divorced in 1951. She then married Geoffrey Hoare in 1951. Hoare died in 1965. Hollingworth has one stepdaughter from her second marriage.
Since the early 1980s, Hollingworth has lived in Hong Kong. She is a near-daily visitor to the Foreign Correspondents' Club of Hong Kong, where she is an honorary goodwill ambassador. She celebrated her 100th birthday there on 10 October 2011.
- Poland's Three Weeks' War (1940)
- There's a German Right Behind Me (1945)
- The Arabs and the West (1950)
- Mao and the Men Against Him (1984)
- Front Line (memoirs) (1990)
- Malcolm Moore, "Second World War 70th anniversary: The Scoop ", The Daily Telegraph, 30 August 2009
- Addley, Esther, "A foreign affair", Profile, The Guardian, Saturday 17 January 2004
- Segev, Tom; "Scoop of the century", Haaretz, 4 September 2009.
- Hollingworth, Clare, Front Line, Jonathan Cape Ltd, 1990 ISBN 0-224-02827-8
- Evans, Annemarie (10 October 2011). "WWII scoop journalist Clare Hollingworth turns 100". BBC. Retrieved 12 October 2011.