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A clarence is a type of carriage popular in the 19th century, essentially an expanded version of the Brougham. It is a closed, four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle with a projecting glass front and seats for four passengers inside. The driver sat at the front, outside the carriage. It was named after Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews, later to become King William IV of England, who died in 1837. It was introduced in 1840 in London.
In time, second-hand Clarences came to be used as hackney carriages, earning the nickname 'growler' from the sound they made on London's cobbled streets.
- Brougham - a related form of carriage.