Clarence John Boettiger

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Clarence John Boettiger (1900 — October 31, 1950) was an American newspaperman and military officer. He was the second husband of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's daughter Anna.

Early career[edit]

John was born in Chicago in 1900, the son of Adam C. Boettiger, a banker. He began his career in journalism as a police reporter for the Chicago City News Bureau. He joined the Chicago Tribune in 1923 and was assigned to Washington, D.C., to cover President Roosevelt when he was first elected in 1932. The Tribune was fiercely anti-Roosevelt, but Boettiger discovered FDR's daughter, Anna, on her father's campaign train. She was recently separated from her husband Curtis Dall, and was living in the White House with her two children. Had John's and Anna's relationship been publicized, the course of American history may have changed, as such a scandal could have damaged FDR's candidacy for the presidency. Since Boettiger was a colleague and friend of the press, no one reported the romance.

On January 18, 1935, John and Anna were married in the president's New York townhouse at 49 E. 65th Street. The wedding was low-key and the couple said they would live quietly. At that time Boettiger had resigned from the Tribune and taken a job with the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America[1]

Career with the Hearst Newspapers[edit]

Before William Randolph Hearst, the newspaper magnate, fell out with President Roosevelt, he provided prominent and lucrative employment for FDR's son Elliott Roosevelt and in November 1936, for John and Anna. John would be publisher of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, and Anna would edit the paper's women's pages. Mr. Hearst agreed to give the Boettigers editorial freedom to "make it the best paper in Seattle."[2]

With interruptions, the Boettigers lived in Seattle until after the war, and the president and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, occasionally visited them there. In 1940, John Boettiger publicly argued for a third FDR term, unlike some of FDR's own sons.[3]

Anna and John had one son, John Roosevelt Boettiger, born March 30, 1939.

Military Service[edit]

In 1942, Boettiger became concerned that he was not doing his part for the war effort. On inquiry, FDR declined to use him in diplomatic matters since he was in private business. In April 1942 Boettiger was given a leave of absence by Hearst and appointed a captain in the Army.[4] He participated in the invasions of Sicily and Italy, served in Military Government and was promoted to Major in November 1943 and to Lieutenant Colonel shortly thereafter. As a liaison officer in the Military Government, he was ashore at Salerno during the first day of the landings.[5]

In January 1943, Boettiger was, along with brother-in-law Elliott, dispatched by President Roosevelt to attend the Teheran Conference. He composed the Declaration of the Three Powers from previous drafts.[6] He also participated in other high-level meetings, including one in which he flew the Turkish President to Cairo for consultations. He and his wife Anna Roosevelt drafted FDR's D Day Prayer in 1944.[7]

On January 29, 1944, Boettiger received the Legion of Merit for meritorious service in the Allied Military Government. His stepson Curtis Roosevelt suggested in his memoirs that John was unhappy in his military service, was not given worthwhile tasks, and thought the Army was trying to keep him out of trouble due to his family. Boettiger requested a transfer stateside in 1944, where he resumed his civilian position.[7][8]

Post-war Career[edit]

After the death of President Roosevelt in April 1945, John was no longer so appreciated as publisher of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Citing "irreconcilable differences," he resigned in June 1945. During the last war year, his wife had become essential to running the White House administratively for the ailing president, and the couple were now looking for new challenges in the newspaper industry.

With the financial assistance of powerful Democratic backers led by department store magnate Walter Kirschner, John Boettiger purchased a small advertiser, the Phoenix Shopping News, in February 1946. They turned it into a daily newspaper, the Arizona Times in May 1947 with the intention of creating a leading left-wing newspaper.[9]

The project turned into a financial debacle that left the Boettigers bankrupt and their creditors angry and unpaid. By February 1948, Anna took over the paper. In July 1948 the paper, which then had a payroll of 60, was sold to other investors and it finally failed the following year.[10]

The Arizona Times put a strain on the family and the marriage. He and Anna were divorced in August 1948, having cited mental cruelty and repeated humiliations. John went overseas while Anna took on new projects with her mother, including a joint radio program.

On November 1, 1949, Boettiger married Virginia Daly Lunn in the Hague, the Netherlands. From July of that year, he was employed with Theodor Swanson Associates, public relations consultants, "in an advisory capacity for the Dutch government on the Indonesian question."[11] He was not happy in that position, since he was essentially a reporter, not a publicist.[12]

One year later, on Halloween 1950, Boettiger committed suicide by jumping from his seventh-floor room in the Weylin Hotel in New York City. Elliott Roosevelt had to identify the corpse, which was cremated without ceremonies.[13][14] , His brother Wilfred explained that he "threw everything he had into the paper and never was able to recover anything.....he had tried many times to free his mind from this defeat but nothing seemed to do any good."[15]

Importance in History[edit]

John's correspondence, preserved in part at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, Hyde Park, N.Y., cast some light on family relations and the contentious relationship with W.R. Hearst. The Arizona Times episode also documents the importance of large donors to the Roosevelt family. Colonel Boettiger's diary notes from the Teheran summit, preserved at the FDR Library, have been quoted by historians seeking corroboration of Elliott Roosevelt's published account therefrom.[16]

Biographers agree that John Boettiger was of fragile ego and had difficulty dealing with the strong-willed Anna and her illustrious family. However, he was an able reporter and newspaperman who provided an unusual link between the New Deal president and the Hearst empire. (See John R. Boettiger, A Love in Shadow, W.W. Norton, 1978.)

Boettiger was the author of Jake Lingle: or Chicago on the Spot (1931). Lingle was a Chicago Tribune reporter assassinated by the Mob the previous year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Times, 19 January 1935
  2. ^ New York Times, November 27, 1936
  3. ^ Hansen, 158-9
  4. ^ Goodwin 1994, p. 409–10.
  5. ^ New York Times, January 30, 1944, and other NYT reports
  6. ^ Mayle, 151
  7. ^ a b John R Boettiger. A Love in Shadow, W.W. Norton, 1978
  8. ^ Roosevelt, Curtis
  9. ^ New York Times, February 24, 1946, and other NYT reports
  10. ^ Collier, 452
  11. ^ New York Times, November 2, 1949
  12. ^ Boettiger, 278
  13. ^ Collier, 454
  14. ^ Boettiger 278
  15. ^ New York Times, November 1, 1950
  16. ^ Mayle

Bibliography[edit]

  • New York Times: News Archive, 1935-1950
  • Boettiger, John R: A Love in Shadow, W.W. Norton, 1978
  • Roosevelt, Curtis: 'Too Close to the Sun. Public Affairs, 2008
  • Collier, Peter: The Roosevelts. Simon and Schuster, 1994
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994). No Ordinary Time. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684804484. 
  • Roosevelt, James: My Parents: A Differing View. Playboy Press, 1976
  • Hansen, Chris: Enfant Terrible: The Times and Schemes of Elliott Roosevelt. Able Baker Press, 2012
  • Mayle, Paul: Eureka Summit. U of Delaware press, 1987