Claresholm

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Claresholm
Town
Town of Claresholm
Motto: Now you're living ... Now you're home[1]
Claresholm is located in Alberta
Claresholm
Claresholm
Location of Claresholm in Alberta
Coordinates: 50°01′10″N 113°34′42″W / 50.01944°N 113.57833°W / 50.01944; -113.57833Coordinates: 50°01′10″N 113°34′42″W / 50.01944°N 113.57833°W / 50.01944; -113.57833
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Southern Alberta
Census division 3
Municipal district Municipal District of Willow Creek No. 26
Founded 1903
Incorporated 1905
Government[2]
 • Mayor Rob Steel
 • Governing body Claresholm Town Council
Area (2011)[3]
 • Total 9.08 km2 (3.51 sq mi)
Elevation[4] 1,030 m (3,380 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,758
 • Density 414.0/km2 (1,072/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Postal code span T0L 0T0
Area code(s) +1-403
Highways Highways 2
Highway 520
Waterways Willow Creek
Website Official website

Claresholm is a town located within southern Alberta, Canada. It is located on Highway 2, approximately 91 km (57 mi) northwest of the City of Lethbridge and 125 km (78 mi) south of the City of Calgary.

One of the Famous Five involved in the Persons Case, Louise McKinney, lived in Claresholm and was elected as the Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for the area in the 1917 provincial election.

History[edit]

The location was originally a watering stop for steam engines on the Canadian Pacific Railway line along the Macleod Trail when the trains first arrived in the area in 1891.[5] The first settlers arrived in 1902, and the village was established in 1903. Claresholm was incorporated as a town in 1905, the year when Alberta became a province of Canada.

In 1913, Alberta established a demonstration farm and School of Agriculture at Claresholm. The first hospital in Claresholm opened in 1921 and was replaced by the current hospital in 1939.[6]

Royal Canadian Air Force Station Claresholm was established near the town in 1941 to train pilots for service in World War II. It first opened June 9, 1941 as a British Commonwealth Air Training Plan base. No. 15 Service Flying Training School operated at the base from its opening until March 1945. In 1951, the base was used to train pilots for the Korean War and operated as No. 3 Flying Training School. It also trained NATO pilots. The base closed in 1958 and the hangars were converted to industrial use. A portion of the former base also operated as an industrial airport. Among the artifacts in the Claresholm Museum from the air base is a Link Trainer.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Claresholm experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). During winter, Chinook winds have been known to move temperatures from well below freezing to well above in a matter of hours.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Claresholm had a population of 3,758 living in 1,635 of its 1,756 total dwellings, a 1.6% change from its 2006 population of 3,700. With a land area of 9.08 km2 (3.51 sq mi), it had a population density of 413.9/km2 (1,071.9/sq mi) in 2011.[3]

In 2006, Claresholm had a population of 3,700 living in 1,644 dwellings, a 2.2% increase from 2001. The town has a land area of 8.30 km2 (3.20 sq mi) and a population density of 445.8 /km2 (1,155 /sq mi).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Claresholm reveals community "brand"". Town of Claresholm. 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  2. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs: Municipal Officials Search
  3. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ Patterson, E.R. (1969). The Early History of the town of Claresholm. Lethbridge, Alberta: University of Lethbridge. p. 7. 
  6. ^ Douglas, Helen (1965). Echoes of Willow Creek. Granum, Alberta: Willlow Creek Historical Society. p. 94. 
  7. ^ "Claresholm, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English & French). Environment Canada. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Claresholm - Community Profile". Retrieved 2007-06-10. 

External links[edit]