Clarinet concerto

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A clarinet concerto is a piece for clarinet and a large ensemble (such as an orchestra or concert band). Albert Rice has identified a work by Giuseppe Antonio Paganelli as possibly the earliest known concerto for solo clarinet; its score appears to be titled "Concerto per Clareto" and may date from 1733. It may, however, be intended for soprano chalumeau.[1] There are earlier concerti grossi with concertino clarinet parts including two by Johann Valentin Rathgeber, published in 1728.[2]

Famed publishing house Breitkopf & Härtel published the first clarinet concerto in 1772. The instrument's popularity soared and a flurry of early clarinet concertos ensued.[3] Many of these early concertos have largely been forgotten, though German clarinettist Dieter Klocker specializes in these "lost" works.[4] Famous clarinet concertos of the classical and early romantic era include those of Mozart, Carl Maria von Weber and Louis Spohr.

Relatively few clarinet concertos, or wind instrument concertos generally, were produced during the middle and late Romantic music era, but the form became more popular in the twentieth century, with famous clarinet concertos from Carl Nielsen, Copland, and the more recent ones by John Corigliano, John Adams, Kalevi Aho and John Williams.

Baroque period[edit]

The modern day clarinet was not existent in the baroque era, however there are a number of concerti written for its antecedent, the chalumeau.

However, the discovery of six clarinet concertos by Johann Melchior Molter (1696–1765)--the first of which may date from 1743 ([1])--and three concerti grossi for clarinet and oboe written by Antonio Vivaldi (1678–1741) as far back as 1711 ([2]) have led music historians to revise the common view that the first concerto for the instrument was written by Johann Stamitz around 1755.

Classical period[edit]

Other concertos from the classical era include those by Deshayes, Fuchs, Jan Kalous, Joseph Lacher, Lang, Philipp Meissner, Pfeilsticker, J.B. Wanhal, Wenzel Pichel, Johan Stich, and J.C. Stumpf.[3]

Romantic period[edit]

20th/21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rice, Albert R. (1992). The Baroque Clarinet. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 99–101. 
  2. ^ Rice, Albert R. (1992). The Baroque Clarinet. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 93–94. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hoeprich, Erich (2008). The clarinet. Yale University Press. p. 81 & 82. ISBN 978-0-300-10282-6. 
  4. ^ "Dieter Klocker Discography". 
  5. ^ a b Hoeprich, Eric (2008). The Clarinet. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 135. 
  6. ^ "Basset Horn Concerto, Op.90 (Schneider, Georg Abraham)". IMSLP.  Despite the title, the solo part does not use the notes below low written E characteristic of a basset horn; in modern terms these would be concertos for alto clarinet in F.
  7. ^ Marina Frolava-Walker. "Rimsky-Korsakov: (1) Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  8. ^ "John Adams List of Works". Retrieved 20 January 2007. 
  9. ^ "The Official Leonard Bernstein Web Site: Music for Performance". Retrieved 20 January 2007. 
  10. ^ Antony Beaumont. "Busoni, Ferruccio." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  11. ^ "Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra, John Corigliano". G. Schirmer, Inc. Retrieved 31 January 2007. 
  12. ^ "The saint and the shebeen". The Herald. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  13. ^ "Oakland Symphony performs a clarinetist's 'Dream'". Inside Bay Area. 2007-03-21. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  14. ^ "Beaver Valley Philharmonic: Mozart, Goodman in season finale". Lincoln Park Performing Arts Center. 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2007-04-19. 
  15. ^ Giselher Schubert. "Hindemith, Paul." Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed December 1, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  16. ^ "Clarinet Concerto—Thea Musgrave, Composer". Thea Musgrave web site. Retrieved 31 January 2007. 

External links[edit]