Clark County, Illinois
|Clark County, Illinois|
Clark County Courthouse in Marshall
Location in the state of Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
|Named for||George Rogers Clark|
|• Total||505 sq mi (1,308 km2)|
|• Land||501 sq mi (1,298 km2)|
|• Water||3.4 sq mi (9 km2), 0.7%|
|• Density||33/sq mi (13/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Clark County is a county located in the southeastern part of U.S. state of Illinois, along the Indiana state line. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,335. Its county seat is Marshall. The county was named for George Rogers Clark, an officer who served in the American Revolution.
Clark County was formed in 1819 out of Crawford County. At the time of its formation, Clark County included about a third of Illinois, and extended as far north as the present state of Wisconsin. In 1821 the northern part of Clark County became part of the newly-created Pike County on January 31, and the newly-created Fayette County took the western part of Clark County on February 14. Edgar County was created from the northern part of Clark County on January 3, 1823. The creation of Coles County occupied additional land from western Clark County, effective December 25, 1830. The boundaries of Clark County have been unchanged since.
Clark County was named for George Rogers Clark (older brother of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition), an officer of the army of Virginia that captured the Northwest Territory from the British during the Revolutionary War.
The county seat was located in Darwin Township in 1823. A county-wide election was held In 1839 to determine whether Auburn or Marshall would be designated as the new seat. Marshall won the election and has remained the county seat since then.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 505 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 501 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (0.7%) is water. Part of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River. The North Fork of the Embarras River and Hurricane Creek are the main streams in western Clark County. Other than the Wabash River, Big Creek is the major stream in the eastern part of the county.
- Edgar County - north
- Vigo County, Indiana - northeast
- Sullivan County, Indiana - southeast
- Crawford County - south
- Jasper County - southwest
- Cumberland County - west
- Coles County - northwest
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Marshall have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.23 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in July.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,008 people, 6,971 households, and 4,809 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,816 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.78% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.4% were of German, 24.4% American, 16.1% English and 10.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.6% spoke English as their first language.
There were 6,971 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,967, and the median income for a family was $43,213. Males had a median income of $32,035 versus $20,954 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,655. About 6.40% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.
There are three school districts in Clark County (Marshall, Martinsville and Casey-Westfield) with a total enrollment (2004) of 3,014 students. Each district has one high school (grades 9-12) and one junior high school (grades 7-8). Marshall has two elementary schools and the other districts have one each.
Clark County is divided into fifteen townships:
- Perrin, William Henry, ed.. History of Crawford and Clark Counties, Illinois Chicago, Illinois. O. L. Baskin & Co. (1883).
- United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles
- United States Board on Geographic Names (GNIS)
- United States National Atlas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Perrin, p. 237
- "Illinois County Boundaries 1790 - Present." Hebert, Michael H. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 82.
- "Welcome to Clark County, Illinois, Genealogy and History." Retrieved June 10, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Monthly Averages for Marshall, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Coles County||Edgar County||Vigo County, Indiana|
|Jasper County||Crawford County||Sullivan County, Indiana|