Clark International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Clark Airport" redirects here. For other airports, see Clark Airport (disambiguation).
Clark International Airport
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark
Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark
Clark Airport Logo.png
Clark International Airport new terminal exterior.JPG
Diosdado Macapagal Passenger Terminal
IATA: CRKICAO: RPLC
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Bases Conversion and Development Authority[1][2]
Operator Clark International Airport Corporation
Philippine Air Force[3]
Serves Greater Manila Area, Central Luzon
Location Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 148 m / 484 ft
Coordinates 15°11′09″N 120°33′35″E / 15.18583°N 120.55972°E / 15.18583; 120.55972Coordinates: 15°11′09″N 120°33′35″E / 15.18583°N 120.55972°E / 15.18583; 120.55972
Website clarkairport.com
Map
CRK/RPLC is located in Philippines
CRK/RPLC
CRK/RPLC
Location in the Philippines
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,200 10,499 Concrete
02L/20R 3,200 10,499 Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 1,309,883
Passenger change 11-12 Increase71.16%
Aircraft movements 3,806 (2011)
Movement change 10-11 Increase24.75%
Sources from CIAC[8] and PAF[9] websites
Statistics from CIAC 2011 Annual Report [10] and news sources[11][12]

Clark International Airport (Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark; Kapampangan: Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark; formerly named as Diosdado Macapagal International Airport) (IATA: CRKICAO: RPLC) is a major aviation center in the Philippines located within the Clark Freeport Zone serving the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines; and it is about 43.2 NM (80.0 km; 49.7 mi)[13] northwest of Manila. The airport is surrounded by the cities of Angeles and Mabalacat; and conveniently reached by Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway which is linked into North Luzon Expressway.

Clark serves the general vicinity of Greater Manila Area, along with the northern regions of Luzon. It is currently a hub for Cebu Pacific and Tigerair Philippines. The airport mainly serves low-cost carriers. The name is derived from the former American Clark Air Force Base which was the largest overseas base of the United States Air Force until it was closed in 1991 and handed over to the Government of the Philippines.

The airport is managed and operated by Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned enterprise; and the southern part of the facility is utilized by the Philippine Air Force as Clark Air Base.[3]

History[edit]

For information on the history of Clark Airport prior to the explosion of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 and the departure of U.S. forces from the Philippines, see Clark Air Base.
  • 1993: The former Clark Air Base was reopened as the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) after the area was cleared from lahar debris from the Mount Pinatubo explosion and a typhoon that followed.
  • 1995: During the administration of former President Fidel V. Ramos, Clark International Airport was designated to be the future primary international gateway of the Philippines and the major international airport of Metro Manila and its neighboring provinces when Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila has reached full capacity and can no longer be expanded.
  • 2003: Clark International Airport was renamed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA), in memory of her father, former President Diosdado Macapagal.
  • 5 February 2007: President Arroyo ordered the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) to fund the US$1.7 billion (PH₱76.5 billion) expansion of DMIA and the approval of a US$2 million (PH₱90 million) study plan financed by the Korean International Cooperation Agency.
  • January 2008: The first stage of Clark Airport's expansion program, a PH₱130 million terminal expansion, was completed to accommodate more than 2 million passengers annually.[14]
  • February 2012 The airport has been renamed back as Clark International Airport,[15] however, the passenger terminal will continue to bear Diosdado Macapagal's name.

Terminal Complex[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Views of the departure hall of the Diosdado Macapagal Terminal

The $3 million (PH₱130 million) current expanded Terminal 1, designed to accommodate at least one million to two million passengers annually, was inaugurated by President Arroyo on April 2008 to serve the growing passenger volume due to the entry of foreign and local budget carriers at the airport.

Completed in April 2010, the $12 million (PH₱550 million) expansion added a second storey, arrival and departure lounges, and two aerobridges to the terminal building. The expansion will boost Clark's capacity to five million from two million.[16]

Once Terminal 2 is completed, Terminal 1 will take over all domestic routes.[17]

Future development plans[edit]

The future international gateway for the country is currently being built at Clark International Airport. It is planned to become one of the world's biggest in terms of terminal size and land area. A high speed railway system will be built to connect the new airport to Metro Manila. Officially, Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) is the only airport serving the Manila area. However, in practice, both NAIA and Clark International Airport(CRK) serve the Capital and surrounding cities, with CRK catering mostly to low-cost carriers that avail themselves of the lower landing fees than those charged at NAIA.

Statistics Terminal 1 Terminal 1
(First Expansion)
Terminal 1
(Second Expansion)[17]
Premier Gateway
Terminal 2[18]
(Phase 1)
Budget Terminal[19] Terminal 2
(Phase 2)
Master Plan
Terminal 3
Capacity
(passengers)
500,000[20]
2,000,000
5,000,000[17]
7,000,000[21]
15,000,000[19]
TBA
80,000,000[21]
Scheduled completion date
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
2016
TBA
2025

Terminal 2[edit]

The Terminal 2 of Clark comes in two phases. It will be dedicated to international traffic.[17] It has a total floor area of 35,000 square meters and a 7 million-passenger capacity per year.[22] Total investment for this phase is estimated at US$150 million (PH₱6.75 billion).[17] It includes the expansion of the eastern runway to 4000 meters.,[23] a new runway, a new cargo terminal complex, and a new control tower.[17]

Budget Terminal[edit]

On Dec. 16, 2013 it was announced that the Philippines and France are set to sign a memorandum of agreement for the plan and design of the budget terminal which is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2016. The terminal will be designed by Aéroports de Paris and it would have a capacity of 15 million passengers per year.[19]

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 is expected to make DMIA handle 80 million passengers a year.[24] When completed, Clark Airport will have:

  • 3 parallel runways
  • A high-speed train.[25]
  • Once completed, it can accommodate 80 million passengers annually,[21] thus becoming one of the largest airports in the world.
  • Facility can accommodate the A380 once completed.

Runways[edit]

Clark Airport currently has two 3,200-meter parallel runways, one of which will be extended to 4,000 meters to accommodate new generation wide-bodied aircraft. The runways' descriptions include:[26]

  • The primary runway (Runway 02R/20L) has a length of 3,200 meters and a width of 60 meters. It is equipped with various navigational aids and lighting facilities, and it has a Category 1 rating for precision approach.
  • The secondary runway (Runway 02L/20R) has the same length as the primary runway (3,200 m) and a width of 45 meters, and it is currently used for Visual Flight Rules (VFR) only since the navigational aids and lighting facilities present in the primary runway have not yet been installed.

Clark Aerotropolis[edit]

The Clark International Airport is being pushed to become the Philippine's first aerotropolis[27][28] with businesses and industries relocating to the former American airfield complex. The Clark complex used to be the hub of DHL and FedEx cargo until both relocated to China.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore
Dragonair Hong Kong
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon
Qatar Airways Doha
Tigerair Singapore
Tigerair Philippines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Kalibo

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Taipei-Taoyuan
Pacific East Asia Cargo Airlines Cebu, Taipei-Taoyuan
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Cebu, Hong Kong
UPS Airlines Dubai-International, Hong Kong, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Yangtze River Express Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen

Awards[edit]

  • Center for Asia Pacific Aviation Low-Cost Airport of the Year (2006)[29]
  • Frost & Sullivan Asia Pacific Aerospace and Defense Awards Airport of the Year (2008) (for airports under 15 million passengers category)[30]
  • Routes Airport Marketing Awards Winner (2013) (for 'Under 20 Million' Category)[31]

Access and Transportation[edit]

Motor vehicle[edit]

The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) provides access through the airport, with two exits: Clark North and Clark South interchange, where the latter leads directly to Clark. Passengers with connecting flights at Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila can take North Luzon Expressway which is linked via SCTEx, then passing through Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, Roxas Boulevard and finally onto NAIA Road. The future corridor between NAIA and Clark International Airport is the Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3 from NLEx to SLEx and NAIA Expressway from Skyway and SLEx to NAIA Terminals. The target completion of the NLEx-SLEx elevated expressway link project will be on 2016.

Park and ride services are provided within the airport as well.[32]

Public transportation[edit]

Regular bus services going directly to Metro Manila are served by Partas and Philtranco; although not operating after midnight hours. By 15 January 2013, there'll be a newly constructed lounge in TriNoma Mall that will operate 24 hours a day and will be initially offered by Genesis, Five Star, Philtranco, and Victory Liner.[33] Bus services exclusively for AirAsia and AirAsia Philippines passengers can use the free service which is operated by Victory Liner to Marquee Mall and Dau bus terminal, on certain times.[34][35]

Clark is also served by airconditioned jeepneys en route to nearby Dau bus terminal and SM City Clark. Most buses running to the northern provinces of Luzon and back to Metro Manila include a stopover at Dau bus terminal.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BCDA to build Clark International Airport under DOTC Leadership" (Press release). Bases Conversion and Development Authority. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "BCDA wrote Sec. Mar Roxas to map out its plans and strategies for major infrastructures under BCDA’s ownership and mandate such as the Clark International Airport." 
  2. ^ Darwin G. Amojelar (22 October 2011). "BCDA to build Clark International Airport". The Manila Times. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Casanova emphasized that the BCDA owns the properties and assets of the Clark International Airport Corp. (CIAC) and Clark Development Corp. (CDC) which gives it legal authority to undertake the development of the airport." 
  3. ^ a b "Clark Air Base". Philippine Air Force. Retrieved 31 December 2012. "Though the air facility principally handled civilian air traffic (it was planned to replace Ninoy Aquino International Airport as Metro Manila's primary airport), the Philippine Air Force maintained a presence there, and part of it was still known as Clark Air Base." 
  4. ^ "Cebu Pacific starts Clark Hub on November 8" (Press release). Cebu Air, Inc. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Cebu Pacific (CEB), the country’s leading airline to the ASEAN, will start operating international flights out of the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA) (sic) in Clark, Pampanga starting November 8, 2008." 
  5. ^ "Cebu Pacific inaugurates Clark hub operations" (Press release). Cebu Air, Inc. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "Cebu Pacific (CEB), will start today regular operations from the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA) (sic), its fourth hub after Manila, Cebu and Davao." 
  6. ^ "SEAIR Announces Int’l Fare Promotion". Manila Bulletin. 22 September 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "It uses new A319 and A320 aircraft, which can accommodate up to 180 passengers, and flies from its hub at the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (sic) in Clark, Pampanga." 
  7. ^ "SEAIR offers promo to celebrate Tiger Airways mobile app launch". Malaya Business Insight. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012. "SEAIR flies to Singapore, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kota Kinabalu, and Boracay via Kalibo from its hub at the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA) (sic) in Clark, Pampanga." 
  8. ^ "Vital Information". Clark International Airport Corporation. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "PAF Air bases". Philippine Air Force. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Annual Report 2011: Fulfilling the Dream. Clark International Airport Corporation. 2011. p. 5. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Clark Airport Posts Record Passengers". Manila Bulletin. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Apolonio, Eric (7 January 2013). "Banner year for Clark". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  13. ^ Baluyut, Joelyn (10 October 2012). "NAIA flights diverted to Clark". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  14. ^ Sunstar.com[dead link]
  15. ^ "Clark airport name-change plan sparks debate". ABS-CBN News. 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  16. ^ "Flightglobal.com". Flightglobal.com. 2010-01-25. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f Citrinot, Luc (2010-01-08). "Eturbonews.com". Eturbonews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  18. ^ Diosdado Macapagal Airport posts 110% jump in passenger volume. - Journal, Magazine, Article, Periodical
  19. ^ a b c Agcaoili, Lawrence (2013-12-16). "Phl, France ink design pact for Clark terminal". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  20. ^ Bright Future for DMIA[dead link]
  21. ^ a b c Laude, Pete (2009-12-24). "Philstar.com". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  22. ^ Businessmirror.com.ph[dead link]
  23. ^ Sunstar.com[dead link]
  24. ^ Manilatimes.net
  25. ^ "OP.gov.ph". OP.gov.ph. 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  26. ^ Clarkairport.com[dead link]
  27. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/aerotropolis-to-generate-job-opportunities/
  28. ^ http://www.interaksyon.com/business/55505/clark-wants-to-be-philippines-first-aerotropolis
  29. ^ "DMIA bags Low-Cost Airport Award". 
  30. ^ "DMIA awarded ‘Airport of the Year’ by global consulting group". 
  31. ^ "Routes Asia 2013 :: Routes Airport Marketing Awards". Routesonline. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  32. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Clark International Airport Corporation. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  33. ^ Pavia, Joey (13 January 2013). "CIA eyes 2M passengers in 2013, launches Clark-TriNoma bus route". The Business Mirror. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  34. ^ "Victory Liner, AirAsia provide free shuttle for Clark passengers". SunStar Pampanga. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Schedules". Victory Liner, Inc. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  36. ^ Simon Hradecky (21 April 2010). "Crash: ATMA AN12 at Mexico on April 21, 2010, fire on board". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2010. 

External links[edit]