Clarkia, Idaho

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Clarkia, Idaho
Town
Clarkia in North Central Idaho
Clarkia in North Central Idaho
Country United States
State Idaho
County Shoshone
Area[1]
 • Total 116.7 km2 (45.07 sq mi)
 • Land 116.7 km2 (45.07 sq mi)
 • Water 0 km2 (0 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 862 m (2,828 ft)
Population (2000)
 • Total 97
 • Density 0.83/km2 (2.15/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)
ZIP code 83812
Area code(s) 208

Clarkia is a small unincorporated community in the southwestern corner of Shoshone County, Idaho United States. It is surrounded by publicly and privately managed forest lands of Douglas-fir, Ponderosa Pine, and Western Larch. Located just to the east of State Highway 3, the town is in the drainage area of the West Fork of the St. Maries River.

A view to the north of Clarkia from Poplar St.

History[edit]

The Coeur d’Alene people inhabited this area for thousands of years prior to the coming of white settlers. The native name of the area is Chatnna or Meadow.[3] Clarkia is named for Capt. William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition.[4] The first residents of the town of Clarkia harvested the Western White Pine in the area for lumber.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The 2000 census recorded a population of 97 with an average household income of $39,375. The median age in Clarkia is 37.8 and the average household size is 2.68. In 2000 the agriculture industry made up 40.5% of the jobs in the area, while educational, health and social services jobs accounted for the next largest segment at 21.4%. Workers for government agencies are the largest class of worker at 47.6%.[6] The city shares a K-8 school district with the communities of Avery and Calder. Currently, all students attend school in the Deary district.[7]

Physical geography[edit]

The confluence of the St. Maries River branches near Clarkia, Idaho

Clarkia is located in a flat meadow area which was created by the Miocene Epoch Lake Clarkia.[8] The sediments from this lake contain abundant and well-preserved fossils of mid-Miocene flora and are well exposed at the Fossil Bowl, an open-to-the-public fossil dig and motorcross racetrack located on Highway 3 in Clarkia. The West and Middle Forks of the St. Maries River join near Clarkia and run parallel to State Highway 3 in a northwesterly direction to St. Maries. The area is on the eastern edge of the Columbia River Plateau and is to the west of the Bitterroot Mountains.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Clarkia has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The large area represents the Avery-Clarkia CCD and not the actual area of the city.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: USGS Place names
  3. ^ Coeur d'Alene Tribe GIS Program
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83. 
  5. ^ Conley, Cort (1982). Idaho for the Curious. Cambridge, Idaho: Backeddy Books. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-903566-30-8. 
  6. ^ United States Census Bureau (2000). "2000 Census of Population". Retrieved 2007-03-07. 
  7. ^ Avery School District #394. "District website". Retrieved 2007-03-09. [dead link]
  8. ^ Smiley, Charles J.; Jane Gray; L. Maurice Huggins (September 1975). "Preservation of Miocene Fossils in Unoxidized Lake Deposits, Clarkia, Idaho". Journal of Paleontology 49 (5): pp. 833–844. ISSN 0022-3360. 
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Clarkia, Idaho

Coordinates: 47°00′39″N 116°15′11″W / 47.01083°N 116.25306°W / 47.01083; -116.25306