Clarksburg, Massachusetts

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Clarksburg, Massachusetts
Town
Clarksburg Town Hall on an autumn day
Clarksburg Town Hall on an autumn day
Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts
Location in Berkshire County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°43′1″N 73°5′34″W / 42.71694°N 73.09278°W / 42.71694; -73.09278Coordinates: 42°43′1″N 73°5′34″W / 42.71694°N 73.09278°W / 42.71694; -73.09278
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1764
Incorporated 1798
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 12.8 sq mi (33.3 km2)
 • Land 12.8 sq mi (33.0 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 1,138 ft (347 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,702
 • Density 130/sq mi (51/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01247
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-14010
GNIS feature ID 0619417

Clarksburg is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,702 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

Clarksburg was first settled in 1764 and officially incorporated in 1798.

Captain Matthew Ketchum, Colonel William Bullock, and Nicholas Clark are credited with settling the area in 1769; Clark later became Clarksburg's namesake. The town began as a mostly agrarian community, with mills springing up along the waterways in the nineteenth century. The major mills were one to make cashmere, and several mills supplied gunpowder during the Civil War. However, the industry was stopped by the town after one of the mills exploded in 1869.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.8 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.8 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.62%) is water.

Clarksburg is located at 42°42'42.86"N,73°05'02.97"W. Clarksburg is bordered by Pownal and Stamford, Vermont on the north, Florida on the east, North Adams on the south, and Williamstown on the west.

The town is bordered on two sides by mountains, with East Mountain and Bald Mountain to the west, and the Hoosac Range to the east. Between the two ranges, Hudson Brook and the north branch of the Hoosic River flow through the valley, merging just south of the town line. In the northern part of the valley is Clarksburg State Park, operated by the state's Department of Conservation and Recreation. The park is home to Mauserts Pond and offers picnicking, hiking, and camping, as well as other recreational activities. On the Vermont side of the border lies the Green Mountain National Forest. The Appalachian Trail crosses from north to south through the town, passing just west of the peak of East Mountain, the highest point in town, at 2,300 feet (700 m).

Route 8 is the only state route through town, and is the main road. The nearest interstate highway is Interstate 91, which is 35 miles (56 km) east of town along Route 2, also known as the Mohawk Trail, which ends just south of town and whose hairpin turn is located just within the town border near the town's southeast corner.

There is no rail service in town, and the nearest bus services are located in North Adams. The nearest regional airport is Harriman and West Airport in North Adams, and the nearest airport with national service is the Albany International Airport.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 384 —    
1860 420 +9.4%
1870 686 +63.3%
1880 724 +5.5%
1890 884 +22.1%
1900 943 +6.7%
1910 1,207 +28.0%
1920 1,136 −5.9%
1930 1,296 +14.1%
1940 1,317 +1.6%
1950 1,630 +23.8%
1960 1,741 +6.8%
1970 1,987 +14.1%
1980 1,871 −5.8%
1990 1,745 −6.7%
2000 1,686 −3.4%
2010 1,702 +0.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 1,686 people, 659 households, and 512 families residing in the town. Clarksburg ranks 15th out of 32 towns in Berkshire County by population, and 299th out of 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 132.2 people per square mile (51.0/km²), making it the 9th most densely populated town in the county and the 273rd in the Commonwealth. There were 688 housing units at an average density of 53.9 per square mile (20.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.82% White, 0.06% African American, 0.12% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.24% of the population.

There were 659 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $43,362, and the median income for a family was $47,411. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $25,679 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,389. About 5.1% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The town line along the Mohawk Trail

Clarksburg uses the open town meeting form of government, and is governed by a board of selectmen and a town administrator. The town has its own police department and volunteer fire department, and has its own public services. The town has its own library, the Clarksburg Town Library, which is connected to the regional library system. The nearest hospital, North Adams Regional Hospital, is located in neighboring North Adams.

On the state level, Clarksburg is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by the First Berkshire district, which covers northern Berkshire County, as well as portions of Franklin County. In the Massachusetts Senate, the town is represented by the Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin district, which includes all of Berkshire County and western Hampshire and Franklin Counties.[14] The town is patrolled by the Fourth (Cheshire) Station of Barracks "B" of the Massachusetts State Police.[15]

On the national level, Clarksburg is represented in the United States House of Representatives as part of Massachusetts's 1st congressional district, and has been represented by John Olver of Amherst since June 1991. Massachusetts is represented in the United States Senate by senior Senator Elizabeth Warren and junior Senator William Cowan.

Education[edit]

The town operates its own elementary school, Clarksburg Elementary, which serves students from kindergarten through eighth grade. At high school age the town sends its students to Drury High School in North Adams, MA. Students also have the option of applying to attend Charles H. McCann Technical High School also in North Adams. There are also private schools in North Adams and Williamstown which accept students from the town.

The nearest community college is Berkshire Community College, located in Pittsfield. The nearest public college is Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts in neighboring North Adams, and the nearest university is the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The nearest private college is Williams College in Williamstown.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Clarksburg town, Berkshire County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ Clarksburg, Massachusetts - The BerkshireWeb
  3. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ Senators and Representatives by City and Town
  15. ^ Station B-4, SP Cheshire