Class rank is a measure of how a student's performance compares to other students in his or her class. It is commonly also expressed as a percentile. For instance, a student may have a GPA better than 750 of his or her classmates in a graduating class of 800. In this case, his or her class rank would be 50, and their class percentile would be 94.
Use in high schools
The use of class rank is currently in practice at about 46% of American high schools. Large public schools are more likely to rank their students than small private schools. Because many admissions officers were frustrated that many applications did not contain a rank, some colleges are using other information provided by high schools, in combination with a student's G.P.A. to estimate a student's class rank. Many colleges say that the absence of a class rank forces them to put more weight on standardized test scores.
Use in college admissions
Colleges often use class rank as a factor in college admissions, although because of differences in grading standards between schools, admissions officers have begun to attach less weight to this factor, both for granting admission, and for awarding scholarships. Class rank is more likely to be used at large schools that are more formulaic in their admissions programs.
Some U.S. states guarantee that students who achieve a high enough class rank at their high school will be admitted into a state university, in a practice known as percent plans. Students in California who are in the top four percent of their graduating class, and students in Florida who are in the top twenty percent of their graduating class are guaranteed admission to some state school, but not necessarily any particular institution. Students in the top 10% of their graduating class at Alaskan high schools are all given free tuition through University of Alaska. The top ten percent of students in Texas high schools are guaranteed admission to the state school of their choice, excluding the University of Texas, which only allocates 75% of its incoming freshman class seats to top 7% members.
- "Counselor's Connection - Apply to College: Class Rank and College Admissions". The College Board. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
- Finder, Alex (March 5, 2006). "Schools Avoid Class Ranking, Vexing Colleges". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2007.
- Lang, David M. (Spring 2007). "Class Rank, GPA, and Valedictorians: How High Schools Rank Students" (PDF (login required - free trial available)). American Secondary Education 35 (2): 36–48. ISSN 0003-1003. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
- "The University of Texas at Austin to Automatically Admit Top 10 Percent of High School Graduates for 2011". Retrieved 2010-04-05.