Claude Aubriet

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A Malva, illustrations for Tournefort's Institutiones

Claude Aubriet (ca. 1665 or 1651[1] – 3 December 1742) was a French illustrator and botanical artist.

Biography[edit]

Two butterflies, by Claude Aubriet

Aubriet was born in Châlons-en-Champagne or in Moncetz.

He was a botanical illustrator at the Jardin du Roi in Paris. There Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656–1708) noticed his work and commissioned him as illustrator of his 1694 Elemens de Botanique. From 1700 to 1702 he accompanied Tournefort and Andreas von Gundelsheimer on an expedition to the Middle East. There he made drawings of historical sites and the region's flora. After his return to Paris, Aubriet continued his work with the botanists at the Jardin du Roi.

In 1707 Aubriet succeeded Jean Joubert (1643–1707) as the royal botanical painter. He retired in 1735, and was succeeded by Françoise Basseporte (1701–1780), a student of his and a former collaborator. He died in Paris.

Botanist Michel Adanson named the genus Aubrieta in his honour.

Selected works[edit]

Aubriet illustrated two books which were landmarks in the history of botany :

We also have a number of collections of his drawings:

  • Recueil de plantes, fleurs, fruits, oiseaux, insectes et coquillages, etc. peint en miniature sur vélin (Collection of plants, flowers, fruits, birds, insects and shellfish, etc., painted in miniature on vellum)
  • Papillons plantes et fleurs (Butterflies plants and flowers)
  • Plantes peintes à la gouache (Plants painted in gouache)
  • Recueil d'oiseaux (Collection of birds)
  • Collection d'aquarelles, 7 p.[3]
  • Plantes peintes en miniature.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Sloover and Anne-Marie Bogaert-Damin (1999) : 16.
  2. ^ Vaillant kept a close eye on the accuracy of Aubriet's drawings.
  3. ^ Collection of Watercolour Drawings at Google Books
  4. ^ Bibliotheca Parisiana, page 21, p. PA21, at Google Books
  5. ^ "Author Query for 'Aubriet'". International Plant Names Index. 
  • Parts of this article are based on a translation of an article from the French Wikipedia.