Claude Lamoral, 3rd Prince of Ligne

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Claude-Lamoral
Prince of Ligne
Claude-Lamoral Ier de Ligne.jpg
Prince of Ligne
Reign 1 May 1641 – 21 December 1679
Predecessor Albert Henri
Successor Henri
Spouse Countess Claire Marie of Nassau-Siegen
Issue Henri, 4th Prince of Ligne
Louise Claire, Duchess of Aveiro
Prince François Albert
Prince Nicolau
Claude Lamoral Alphonse, Count of Faucquenberg
Princess Marie Henriette
Princess Francisca
Procope Hyacinthe, Marquis of Moÿ
Princess Ernestina Francisca
Charles Joseph, 2nd Marquis of Arronches
Prince Vitor
Full name
Claude Lamoral de Ligne
House House of Ligne
Father Florent, 1st Prince of Amblise
Mother Louise de Lorraine, Lady of Busigny
Born (1618-10-08)8 October 1618
Château de Belœil
Died 21 December 1679(1679-12-21) (aged 61)
Madrid
Religion Roman Catholicism
Claude Lamoral, Third Prince de Ligne, Belgian diplomate in the service of Philip IV and Charles II of Spain

Claude Lamoral, 3rd Prince of Ligne, Prince of Epinoy, Marquis of Roubaix and Count of Fauquemberg (8 October 1618 — 21 December 1679), was a Belgian nobleman, military and diplomate in the service of Philip IV of Spain and Charles II of Spain .

Biography[edit]

Born at Belœil, he succeeded his brother Albert Henry (1615–1641), as third Prince of Ligne. He married in 1642 his brother's widow Claire Marie of Nassau-Siegen, countess of Nassau (Brussels, October 1621 - Belœil, 2 September 1695). He was a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, Grandee of Spain and Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece (1646).

Between 1649 and 1669, he was Captain General of the Spanish Cavalry in the Spanish Netherlands, which was the third highest military position after Captain General and Governor of the Arms.

Painting by François Duchatel commemorating the entry of Lamoral in London in 1660

In 1660, he was sent as representative of the Spanish King to the Royal court of Charles II of England as first foreign recognition of the newly restored English monarchy.[citation needed]

He became Viceroy of Sicily (1670–1674), where he fortified the costal defences against Turkish pirates, who attacked the local population to abduct and sell them into slavery.[1]

Later he was appointed Governor of the Duchy of Milan (1674–1678).

Claude Lamoral, and after his death, his wife Claire Marie, enlarged the Chateau of Belœil and its spectacular French-styled 25 ha garden, which has a 6 ha. lake in front of the castle. Today the gardens are partially open to the public.[2] [3]

Coats of arms of Claude Lamoral de Ligne as Viceroy of Sicily, in Syracuse.

Children[edit]

Their daughter Louise Claire de Ligne married on 1 April 1644 the Portuguese nobleman Raimundo de Lencastre, 4th marquess of Torres Novas, 1st duke of Torres Novas, 4th duke of Aveiro, Conselheiro de Estado. In Spain he was also duke of Ciudad Real, a Grandee of Spain in May 1664, 8th Duke of Maqueda, marquess de Montemayor, marquess of Elche and many other lesser titles, deceased in Guadix on 6 October 1666, aged 35. He had to flee to Spain after the Portuguese Secession of 1640.

She married again the Spanish nobleman Iñigo Manuel Velez Ladrón de Guevara y Tassis, 10th count of Oñate, a Grandee of Spain by king Philip IV of Spain to his ancestors in 1640 and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Head of the Spanish Post Offices, deceased in 1699.

She had no issue, apparently, in the first marriage but issue on the second.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Description (in Italian) of the actions by the prince de Ligne in Sicily against the Turks. [1]
  2. ^ History of the Chateau of Belœil, in English
  3. ^ A description of the present gardens of Belœil in The Telegraph

External links[edit]

Claude Lamoral, 3rd Prince of Ligne
Born: 8 October 1618 Died: 21 December 1679
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Albert Henri
Prince of Ligne
1641–1679
Succeeded by
Henri
Government offices
Preceded by
8th Duke of Alburquerque
Viceroy of Sicily
1670-1674
Succeeded by
Francisco Bazán de Benavides
Preceded by
Gaspar Téllez-Girón, 5th Duke de Osuna
Governor
of the Duchy of Milan

1674-1678
Succeeded by
7th Duke of Medina de Rioseco