Claude Ribbe

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Claude Ribbe on Avril 28, 2007 during the Marche contre les discriminations envers les Français d'Outre-Mer, in Paris, France.

Claude Ribbe (born 13 October 1954) is a French writer, historian, philosopher and filmmaker of Caribbean origin.

Early life and education[edit]

Ribbe was born in Paris and is alumnus of the Ecole normale superieure.


Ribbe has specialised in the history of colonialism in the Caribbean. He has also been active in promoting civil rights in France for people of ethnic African and Caribbean origin.

He has supported the recognition of figures such as Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, in 1793 the first man of Afro-Antilles origin to be promoted to general in the French Army.

In his book The Crime of Napoleon (2005), Ribbe accused Napoleon of having used sulphur dioxide gas for the mass execution of more than 100,000 rebellious black slaves when trying to put down slave rebellions in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) and Guadeloupe. He said this was a model for Hitler's holocaust nearly 140 years later.

In Ribbe's words, Napoleon, then First Consul, was the man who, for the first time in history, 'asked himself rationally the question how to eliminate, in as short a time as possible, and with a minimum of cost and personnel, a maximum of people described as scientifically inferior'.[1]

However this has been criticized by other contemporary French historians.[2][not in citation given]


  1. ^ Hudson, Christopher (24 July 2008). "The French Fuhrer: Genocidal Napoleon was as barbaric as Hitler, historian claims". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Napoleon was model for Hitler, French historian charges". The Island. AFP. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 20 January 2011.