Claudio is an Italian and Spanish first name. In Portuguese it is accented Cláudio. In Catalan and Occitan it is Claudi.
Origin and history
Claudius (Claudio) was the name of an eminent Roman clan (Gens), the most important member of which were:
- Appius Claudius Sabinus Inregillensis (fl.500BC), founder of the family. To the Romans he was known as Appius Claudius. He was a Sabine from a now unknown town called Inregillum. In 505 BC the Romans successfully waged war against the Sabines, and in the following year, the Sabines were divided as to whether to retaliate or to make peace with the Romans. Appius Claudius favored peace with the Romans, and as the faction favoring war became more powerful, he fled to Rome along with a large group of his clients. The followers were made citizens and were allowed to settle on the far side of the Anio river, and along with some other Sabines became known as the "Old Claudian" tribe. Claudius was made a senator and quickly became one of the leading men in Rome. He became consul of Rome in 495 BC. According to Livy's History of Rome, he was "harsh by nature" and "loved tyranny", which is said to have resulted in the Struggle of the Orders.
- Appius Claudius Crassus (fl.450BC), public official, consul 471 & 451, appointed to codify the laws.
- Appius Claudius Caecus (fl.300BC), official orator. He is perhaps best known for the highway named after him, the Appian Way. Consul in 307 & 296.
- Publius Claudius Pulcher (fl.250BC), naval commander, consul 249, and defeated during the 1st Punic War.
- Appius Claudius Pulcher (48BC), administrator and orator, consul in 54.
- Publius Claudius Pulcher, brother of Appius Claudius Pulcher, usually known as Clodius.
- Tiberius Claudius Drusus Claudius (10BC-54AD), his father, Drusus was a younger brother of Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar (who married Augustus' daughter, later the Emperor Tiberius, who reign from 14-37AD, after the death of Augustus). He did not hold any position during the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula. When the latter was assassinated in 41AD, Claudius was proclaimed emperor by the guard. Claudius expends enormous sums in building, especially in construction of the famous Claudian Aqueduct. Claudius reign was that of an able administrator, both in civil and military affairs. Mauretania was made a province, the conquest of Britain was commenced, and progress was made in Germany, Judea and Thrace also became Roman provinces. In 48AD ordered the execution of Messalina because of a love affair, then he married his niece Agrippina, depriving his son Britannicus of his heritage, adopting instead Agrippina's son Nero. Latter Claudius was poisoned by Agrippina, and Nero became the Emperor. After his death he was declared a god, according to the practice adopted a short time earlier.
- Marcus Aurelius Claudius (214-70AD), he was an officer in the Roman army and a provincial governor, during the reigns of Decius, Valerian, and Gallienus. On the death of Gallienus (268) the soldiers of Claudius' command chose him Emperor. He is usually known as Gothicus, because the victory of the Goths. His successor was supposed to be Maximus (The Spaniard), a Roman general governor of the Spanish peninsula, but Claudius' son Anthonius, tried to kill Maximus, who latter became a Gladiator, and both died in the Collisium.
As a first name
The name Claudio became a popular first name due to the spread of Christianity during the Middle Ages. Parents were encouraged to name their children after well-known saints so that in later years they would enjoy that saint’s patronage. The saint in question here was Saint Claudio, who had been bishop of Besançon in France during the seventh century. A variant of this surname is Claudini and Claudious.
Claudio is also used in Spanish and in Portuguese, accented as Cláudio.
It may refer to:
- Claudio Abbado (1933–2014), Italian conductor
- Claudio Aranzadi (born 1946), Spanish engineer, businessman and politician
- Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit
- Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist
- Claudio Barragán (born 1964), Spanish footballer
- Claudio Cabán (born 1963), Puerto Rican long-distance runner
- Claudio Castagnoli, Swiss-born professional wrestler
- Claudio Donoso, Chilean forester
- Claudio García, former Argentinian international footballer
- Claudio Gentile, Italian football coach and former player
- Claudio Lolli, Italian singer-songwriter, poet and writer
- Claudio Magris, Italian writer
- Claudio Marchisio, (born 1986), Italian footballer
- Claudio Merulo, Italian composer and organist
- Claudio Monteverdi, Italian composer
- Claudio Patrignani, Italian middle distance runner
- Claudio Ranieri, Italian football manager and player
- Claudio Sanchez, lead singer and guitarist; of Coheed and Cambria
- Claudio Saracini, Italian composer
- Claudio Simonetti, Italian composer
- Claudio Teehankee, Philippine Chief Justice
- Claudio Vitalone (1936 – 2008) Italian judge and politician
- Claudio Zulianello (born 1965), Argentine volleyball player
- Christian Claudio, former member of the Puerto Rican Taekwondo olympic national team
- Claudio, a character in William Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing
Cláudio is the Portuguese words for Claudius, may refer to:
- Cláudio, Minas Gerais, Brazil
- Artist name
- Cláudio Christovam de Pinho, (born 1922) commonly known as Cláudio, Brazilian footballer
- Luiz Cláudio Barros, (born 1978) commonly known as Luiz Cláudio, Brazilian footballer
- Cláudio Roberto Siqueira Fernandes, (born 1980) commonly known as Cláudio, Brazilian footballer
- Luís Cláudio Carvalho da Silva, (born 1987) commonly known as Cláudio, Brazilian footballer
- Given name
- Cláudio Taffarel, Brazilian footballer
- Cláudio Adão, Brazilian footballer
- Caçapa, real name Cláudio Roberto da Silva, Brazilian footballer
- Lito (Cape Verdean footballer), real name Cláudio Zélito Fonseca Fernandes Aguiar, Cape Verdean footballer
in Catalan and Occitan:
- Claudi Martí (born 1940) Occitan singer
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