Prince Claus of the Netherlands
|Claus von Amsberg|
|Prince Claus in 1970|
|Tenure||30 April 1980 – 6 October 2002|
|Spouse||Beatrix of the Netherlands
|Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
|Claus George Willem Otto Frederik Geert van Amsberg|
|House||House of Amsberg|
|Father||Claus Felix von Amsberg|
|Mother||Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen|
6 September 1926|
|Died||6 October 2002
|Burial||15 October 2002
Nieuwe Kerk, Delft
|Religion||Dutch Reformed Church|
Claus George Willem Otto Frederik Geert van Amsberg (6 September 1926 – 6 October 2002), later Prince Claus of the Netherlands; né Klaus-Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg was the husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, and as such was prince consort of the Netherlands from Beatrix's ascension in 1980 until his death in 2002.
Prince Claus was born Klaus-Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg, on his family's estate, Haus Dötzingen, near Hitzacker, Germany on 6 September 1926. His parents were Claus Felix von Amsberg and Baroness Gösta von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen. His father, a member of the untitled German nobility, operated a large farm in Tanganyika (formerly German East Africa) from 1928 until World War II. From 1938 Claus and his six sisters grew up on their maternal grandparents' manor in Lower Saxony; he attended the Friderico-Francisceum-Gymnasium in Bad Doberan from 1933 to 1936 and a boarding school in Tanganyika from 1936 to 1938.
The future prince was a member of such Nazi youth organisations as Deutsches Jungvolk and the Hitler Youth (membership in the latter was mandatory for all fit members of his generation). From 1938 until 1942, he attended the Baltenschule Misdroy.
In 1944, he was conscripted into the German Wehrmacht, becoming a soldier in the German 90th Panzergrenadier Division in Italy in March, 1945, but taken as a prisoner of war by the American forces at Meran before taking part in any fighting. After his repatriation, he finished school in Lüneburg and studied law in Hamburg. He then joined the German diplomatic corps and worked in Santo Domingo and Côte d'Ivoire. In the 1960s, he was transferred to Bonn.
Claus met Crown Princess Beatrix for the first time on New Year's Eve 1962 in Bad Driburg at a dinner hosted by the count von Oeynhausen-Sierstorpff who was a distant relative of both of them. They met again at the wedding-eve party of Princess Tatjana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse, in the summer of 1964. Sections of the Dutch population were unhappy that Beatrix's fiancé was a German and former member of the Hitler Youth, only twenty years after the end of the war, and there were protests during the wedding celebrations, most notably by the anarchist-artist group Provo. Nonetheless, her engagement was approved by the States-General—a necessary step for Beatrix to remain heiress to the throne—in 1965. He was granted Dutch citizenship later that year and changed the spellings of his names to Dutch.
The pair were married on 10 March 1966. Their wedding day saw violent protests, including such memorable slogans as "Claus, 'raus!" (Claus, get out!) and "Mijn fiets terug" (Give me back my bike), a reference to the memory of occupying German soldiers confiscating Dutch bicycles. A smoke bomb was thrown at the wedding carriage by a group of Provos. However, over time, Claus became accepted by the public, so much so that during the last part of his life he was generally considered the most popular member of the Royal Family. This change in Dutch opinion was brought about by Claus's strong motivation to contribute to public causes (especially third-world development, on which he was considered an expert), his sincere modesty, his candor (within but sometimes on the edge of royal protocol), and his approachability by all levels of society[original research?].
The public also sympathised with Claus for his efforts to give meaning to his life beyond the restrictions that Dutch law imposed on the Royal Family's freedom of speech and action (lest they get involved in political controversy)[original research?]. Many also believed that these restrictions were at least partly the cause of his severe depression, which lasted many years. As a result, restrictions were loosened; Claus was even appointed as senior staff member at the Department of Developing Aid, albeit in an advisory role.
A fine example of his mildly rebellious attitude toward protocol was the "Declaration of the Tie". In 1998, after presenting the annual Prince Claus Awards to three African fashion designers, Claus told "workers of all nations to unite and cast away the new shackles they have voluntarily cast upon themselves", meaning the necktie, that "snake around my neck," and encouraged the audience to "venture into open-collar paradise". He then removed his tie and threw it on the floor.
In 2001, when on Dutch television he announced the marriage of his son Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange, and Máxima Zorreguieta, an Argentine woman of Spanish and Italian descent, Prince Claus referred to himself as more a citizen of the world than anything else.
Titles and style 
- Klaus von Amsberg (1926–1965)
- Jhr. Claus van Amsberg (1965–1966); his name was changed officially after obtaining Dutch citizenship
- His Royal Highness Prince Claus of the Netherlands, Jonkheer van Amsberg (1966–2002)
- His Royal Highness The Prince of the Netherlands (1980–2002); as a prince consort of a Queen of the Netherlands, Prince Claus was legally entitled to this style and title, though out of respect for his father-in-law, Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, he never officially used this title
Honours and awards 
Dutch orders and decorations 
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange
Foreign honours 
- Austria : Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (1961) 
- Germany : Grand Cross Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Iceland : Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon (1994) 
- Norway : Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Portugal : Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
- South Africa : Grand Cross of the Order of Good Hope (1999) 
- Spain : Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III
- United Kingdom : Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Academic awards 
- Honorary Doctor of the International Institute of Social Studies (1988)
Prince Claus was also appointed Honorary Fellow of the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) in 1988. Prince Claus was held in very high esteem in the international development cooperation community, partly because of his considerable insight and understanding of the problems involved, and partly because of his exceptional gift for expressing the hopes and anxieties felt by all.
|Ancestors of Prince Claus of the Netherlands|
|King Willem-Alexander||27 April 1967||is married to Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti since 2002, has issue (three daughters)|
|Prince Friso||25 September 1968||is married to Mabel Wisse Smit since 2004, has issue (two daughters)|
|Prince Constantijn||11 October 1969||is married to Laurentien Brinkhorst since 2001, has issue (two daughters and one son)|
Claus suffered various health problems, such as depression, cancer and Parkinson's disease. He died in Amsterdam on 6 October 2002 after a long illness, aged 76. He passed away less than 4 months after the birth of his first grandchild.
- Simons, Marlise (7 October 2002). "Claus von Amsberg, 76, Popular Dutch Prince". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
- (Dutch) Máxima en Claus populairste Oranje-leden
- (Dutch) Claus' speech in which he removes his tie, among other video fragments
- Decree concerning the titles and names of Prince Claus after his marriage with Princess Beatrix – Website with Legislation concerning the Royal House of the Netherlands (Dutch)
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 111. Retrieved November 2012.
- State visit, Photo of Beatrix, Claus and Icelandese President
- 1999 National Orders awards
- Viva Maxima Blog, State visit of Beatrix in Spain in 1985, Group Photo
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Prince Claus of the Netherlands|
- In pictures: Prince Claus remembered
- Video: Condolences pour in, 7 October 2002
- Dutch Royal Family website: Biography
- Profile at The International Institute of Social Studies (ISS)
Prince Claus of the NetherlandsBorn: 6 September 1926 Died: 6 October 2002
Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
|Prince consort of the Netherlands
1980 – 2002
Title next held byMáxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
as queen consort