|Group:||Group I (dsDNA)|
Clavaviridae is a family of double-stranded viruses that infect archaea. There is one genus in this family (Clavavirus). Within this genus, only a single species has been described to date: Aeropyrum pernix bacilliform virus 1.
The name is derived from the Latin word clava meaning stick.
The virons are bacilliform in shape and ~140 nanometers (nm) in length and 20 nm in diameter. One end is pointed and the other is rounded.
The genome is double-stranded DNA and circular. It does not integrate into the host genome.
Infection with this virus does not cause host cell lysis.
- Mochizuki T, Yoshida T, Tanaka R, Forterre P, Sakob Y, Prangishvili D (2010) Diversity of viruses of the hyperthermophilic archaeal genus Aeropyrum, and isolation of the Aeropyrum pernix bacilliform virus 1, APBV1, the first representative of the family Clavaviridae. Virology 402(2): 347-354
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